|Ordnance BL 16 inch Mark I|
Guns of HMS Rodney at maximum elevation, 1940
|Place of origin||UK|
|Weight||108 long ton (109.7 tonnes)|
|Length||61 ft 10 in (18.85 m)|
|Barrel length||60 ft (18.3 m)|
|Shell||separate charge, AP shell 2,048 lb (929 kg)|
|Calibre||16 inch (406 mm)|
|Elevation||40° in mounting Mark I|
|Rate of fire||1.5 rounds per minute as fitted|
|Muzzle velocity||2,586 feet/second (788 m/s)|
|Effective range||35,000 yards (32,000 m) at 32° elevation|
|Maximum range||39,780 yards (36,375 m)|
The BL 16 inch Mark I was a British naval gun introduced in the 1920s and used on the two Nelson-class battleships. The barrel was 45 calibres long ("/45" in shorthand) meaning 45 times the bore (16 in) - 60 ft (18 m) long.
An improved weapon, the BL 16 inch Mark II was designed for the cancelled Lion-class battleships; only four guns and no turrets were produced.
Sir W. G. Armstrong Whitworth & Company at Elswick, Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness, William Beardmore & Company at Dalmuir and the Royal Gun Factory at Woolwich made a total of 29 guns of which 18 would be required for both ships at any time.
See also[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BL 16 inch Mk I naval gun.|
References[edit | edit source]
- Tony DiGiulian, British 16"/45 (40.6 cm) Mark I
- Terry Duncan, The British 16" Mark I Gun and Mounting
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