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Ordnance BL-4-inch Mk VIII naval gun
HMS Defender 1911 4-inch gun.jpg
Forward gun of HMS Defender
Type Naval gun
Service history
In service 1908–1945
Used by United Kingdom
Australia
Wars World War IWorld War II
Production history
Designed 1904[1]
Number built Mk VIII: 246
Mk XI: 30[1]
Variants Mk VIII – Mk XI[1]
Specifications
Weight 2,912 pounds (1,320 kg) (barrel & breech)[2]
Barrel length 159.2 inches (4.044 m) bore (40 calibres)[2]

Shell 31 pounds (14.06 kg) Common pointed, Common lyddite[2]
Calibre 4 inches (101.6 mm)
Breech Welin, single-motion screw[2]
Elevation -10° to +20°[1]
Rate of fire 6-8 RPM[1]
Muzzle velocity 2,287 feet per second (697 m/s)[3]
Maximum range 10,210 yards (9,340 m)[1]

The BL 4-inch Mark VIII naval gun[note 1] was a British medium-velocity wire-wound naval gun introduced in 1908 as an anti-torpedo boat gun in smaller ships whose decks could not support the strain of the heavier and more powerful Mk VII gun.[2]

Mk VIII history[edit | edit source]

Breech of gun on HMAS Huon in March 1919

The gun succeeded the QF 4-inch Mk III, whose 25-pound (11 kg) shell had been considered insufficiently powerful for its intended role. The BL Mk VIII fired a 31-pound (14 kg) shell. It armed the following warships :

The gun was succeeded in its class from 1911 by the QF 4-inch Mk IV.

In World War II many guns were used to arm merchant ships.

Mk XI submarine gun[edit | edit source]

A Mark XI-variant was adapted to arm the K-class submarines laid down 1915.

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Mark VIII = Mark 8. Mark XI = Mark 11. Britain used Roman numerals to denote marks (models) of ordnance until after World War II. This was the eighth model of British BL 4-inch gun.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 DiGiulian
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 HANDBOOK for the 4" Mark VII. and VIII. B.L. Guns 1913
  3. 2287 ft/second firing a 31 lb 3 CRH projectile, using 5 lb 4 oz cordite MD size 16 propellant. HANDBOOK for the 4" Mark VII. and VIII. B.L. Guns 1913.

Sources[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]


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