|Type||Multiple rocket launcher|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1967 - c.1990 (USSR)|
|Wars||Algerian Civil War,|
The BM-14 (BM for Boyevaya Mashina, 'combat vehicle'), is a Soviet-made 140mm multiple rocket launcher, fielded by the Soviet Union. The BM-14 can fire rockets fitted with chemical (MS-14), smoke (M-14D) or high-explosive fragmentation (M-14-OF) warheads. It is similar to the BM-13 "Katyusha" and was partly replaced in service by the 122 mm BM-21 Grad.
The rocket has a range of about 9.8 km and can carry a warhead of 8 kg weight. Launchers were built in 16 and 17-round variants.
The weapon is not accurate as there is no guidance system, but it is extremely effective in saturation bombardment.
Variants[edit | edit source]
- BM-14 (8U32) - 16-round model (two rows of 8), launcher mounted on the ZiS-151 truck. Entered service in 1952. Also known as BM-14-16.
- BM-14-17 (8U35) - 17-round (8+9 launch tubes) launcher, mounted on the GAZ-63A. Developed in 1959. This launcher was also used on naval vessels, for example Project 1204 patrol boats.
- RPU-14 (8U38) - towed 16-round version, based on the carriage of the 85mm gun D-44 and used by Soviet Airborne Troops, where it was replaced by the 122mm BM-21V "Grad-V".
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Algeria - 50
- Burkina Faso
- Cambodia - 10
- Indonesia - Indonesian Army (TNI-AD) operates 24 BM-14-17 launchers.
- Russia - 50 BM-13, BM-14.
- Sudan - 200 BM-14
- Syria - 200 BM-14 purchased in 1967 
- Soviet Union - Passed on to successor states in 1991.
- Vietnam - 700
- Yemen - 30
Similar designs[edit | edit source]
- The Type 63 130mm multiple rocket launcher (not to be confused with the towed Type 63 of 107mm) is the Chinese version of the BM-14-17. It has a slightly smaller calibre but is fitted with 19 instead of 17 launch tubes. The Type 63 MRL is based on the Nanjing NJ-230 or 230A 4x4 truck, a licence-produced version of the Soviet GAZ-63/63A.
- The WP-8z (Polish language: Wyrzutnia Pocisków rakietowych
) was a Polish towed rocket launcher that was developed in 1960. The weapon was subsequently produced between 1964 and 1965. It fired the same rockets as the RPU-14 but had only 8 launch tubes. The main operator was the 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division (Polish language: 6 Pomorska Dywizja Powietrzno-Desantowa ). with 12-18 WP-8s in its inventory.
References[edit | edit source]
- "БМ-14 — Википедия" (in ru). Ru.wikipedia.org. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%91%D0%9C-14. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- Russian Army Equipment
- "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's | IHS". Articles.janes.com. http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Armour-and-Artillery/140-mm-8-round-WP-8-Multiple-Rocket-System-Poland.html. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "6 PDPD". Oocities.org. http://www.oocities.org/area51/rampart/1966/6pdpd.htm. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Wyrzutnia rakietowa WP-8z". Militarium. 2009-02-17. http://www.militarium.net/viewart.php?aid=495. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "WP-8z – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia" (in pl). Pl.wikipedia.org. 2013-08-27. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/WP-8z. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
[edit | edit source]
- Use of BM-14 by the Taliban
- Description of BM-14
- Use of BM-14 by Cuban Armed Forces
- Range and Payload
- Algerian use of BM-14 as of 1993
- Walk-around of Type 63 130mm MRL
See also[edit | edit source]
- BM-12 multiple rocket launcher
- Katyusha World War II multiple rocket launchers (BM-13, BM-8, and BM-31)
- M16 (rocket), U.S. 4.5 inch multiple rocket launcher
- BM-21 Grad 122 mm multiple rocket launcher
- BM-27 Uragan 220 mm multiple rocket launcher
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