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BRP Ramon Alcaraz (PF-16)
BRP Ramon Alcaraz 052212
BRP Ramon Alcaraz (PF-16) during hand-over to Philippine Navy
Career (United States) Ensign of the United States Coast Guard.svg
Name: USCGC Dallas (WHEC-716)
Builder: Avondale Shipyards
Commissioned: March 11, 1968
Decommissioned: March 30, 2012
Fate: transferred to Philippine Navy.
Career (Philippines) Flag of the Philippines.svg
Name: BRP Ramon Alcaraz (PF-16)
Namesake: Commodore Ramon Alcaraz (1915-2009), former Philippine Navy fleet commander and World War II hero
Operator: Philippine Navy
Acquired: May 22, 2012
Commissioned: 3rd week of November
Maiden voyage: June 10, 2013
Homeport: Subic Bay Freeport
Nickname: BRP Monching
Status: for dock works prior to commissioning
General characteristics
Class & type: Gregorio del Pilar class (Hamilton class)
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 3,250 tons, probably less due to removal of several weapons & sensors system
Length: 378 ft (115 m)
Beam: 43 ft (13 m)
Draft: 8.75 ft (2.67 m)
Propulsion: Combined diesel or gas (CODOG) arrangement:
2 × Fairbanks-Morse 38TD8-1/8-12 12-cylinder diesel engines, each producing 3,500 shp (2,610 kW)
Total diesel engine output: 7,000 shp (5,220 kW) and 2 × Pratt & Whittney FT4A-6 gas turbines, each producing 18,000 shp (13,400 kW)
Total gas turbine output: 36,000 shp (26,800 kW)[1]
Speed: 29 knots (54 km/h)
Range: 14,000 nautical miles (25,900 km)
Endurance: 45 Days
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 × RHIB
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:
  • 1 × Mk.75 Oto Melara 76 mm Compact main gun
  • 2 × Loral Hycor Mk.36 6-barrelled Super Rapid Blooming Offboard Chaff (SRBOC) decoy launchers[2]
  • Aviation facilities: retractable hangar and flight deck

    BRP Ramon Alcaraz (PF-16) is a Philippine Navy Gregorio del Pilar class frigate. From 1968 to 2012, it was known as USCGC Dallas (WHEC-716) and served the US Coast Guard as a high endurance cutter. It was decommissioned on 30 March 2012 and was acquired by the Philippines under the Excess Defense Articles and the Foreign Assistance Act.[3] Ramon Alcaraz is the second of several ex-US Coast Guard Hamilton-class cutter that will serve the Philippine Navy.[4]

    DesignEdit

    The ship was designed with a high level of habitability and provides fairly comfortable accommodations, including air conditioning.[5]

    PropulsionEdit

    Ramon Alcaraz employs the shipboard application of aircraft gas turbine jet engines with the use of controllable pitch propellers. She is equipped with two 18,000 horsepower (13,000 kW) Pratt & Whitney[6][6] gas turbines and can propel the ship at speeds up to 28 knots (52 km/h). Ramon Alcaraz also has two 3,500 horsepower (2,600 kW) Fairbanks-Morse[6] diesel engines, capable of driving the ship economically at 17 knots (31 km/h) for up to 14,400 nautical miles (26,700 km) without refueling.[6] A retractable/rotatable bow propulsion unit provides maneuverability in tight situations.

    ArmamentsEdit

    Prior to turn-over to the Philippine Navy, the ship was armed with a Mk.75 Oto Melara 76 mm Compact main gun, two Mk.38 M242 Bushmaster 25 mm chain gun at midships, and a Phalanx CIWS system aft.[7] The CIWS and chain guns were removed prior to its turn-over, with the Mk.75 gun remaining.[2]

    The Philippine Navy purchased 2 new Mk. 38 mod 2 gun systems to install with the Ramon Alcaraz to replace the mounts removed by the US Coast Guard.[8]

    Flight SupportEdit

    The Ramon Alcaraz has a flight deck and hangar capable of handling helicopters.

    Transfer and AcquisitionEdit

    InspectionsEdit

    The Philippine Navy officially confirmed the Joint Visual Inspection (JVI) by its officials led by Rear Admiral Orwen Cortez of South Carolina-based Hamilton class cutter USCGC Dallas (WHEC-716) from 31 October to 5 November 2011. The ship was scheduled to be transferred as an excess defense article through the Foreign Assistance Act via a "hot transfer" on May 2012.[9]

    Removal of EquipmentEdit

    The Dallas was formally decommissioned on 30 March 2012, and the US Coast Guard removed the ship's Phalanx CIWS and 2 Mk.38 M242 Bushmaster 25 mm chain guns, which will be used on their new National Security Cutters (NSCs) and Sentinel-class Fast Response Cutters, respectively. The USCG also removed the AN/SPS-40 air search radar and will be used as spares for remaining Hamilton class ships.[10]

    NamingEdit

    On 6 May 2012 during the 70th commemoration of the Fall of Bataan, President Benigno Aquino III announced the naming of the ex-USCGC Dallas to BRP Ramon Alcaraz in honor of the World War II hero and officer of the Philippine Navy. Commodore Ramon "Monching" Alcaraz commanded one of the Philippine Offshore Patrol's Q-boat Q-112 Abra during World War II which shot down 3 Japanese aircraft.[11]

    Transfer to the Philippine NavyEdit

    The ex-Dallas was formally transferred to the Philippine government on 22 May 2012 during a ceremony at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Pier Papa in North Charleston, South Carolina. The ship was turned over to its Filipino crew, with Capt. Ernesto Baldovino as its first commanding officer.[10][12][13] The ship's crew had been in the US for several weeks prior to the transfer for training aboard other Hamilton class ships operated by the US Coast Guard.[14]

    The Ramon Alcaraz is scheduled to be refitted at the expense of the Philippine Navy prior to sailing to the Philippines. The ship's transfer cost was pegged at Php 450 million (around US$10 million as of 2012), while operation costs will be similar to its sister ship, the del Pilar.[2] An additional US$5 million was allocated for installation of additional equipment, different from her sister ship BRP Gregorio del Pilar.[15] The ship will have better fire control and weapons systems than the del Pilar.[16]

    The ship was originally expected to leave Charleston, South Carolina for the Philippines on January 2013.[15] As of December 2012, it was not expected to arrive until March or early April 2013 because the installation of the new engine needed to be completed.[16] This schedule was again moved to 3rd week of June 2013 due to prolonged training of its crews and additional upgrades and refitting works.[17]

    Voyage to the PhilippinesEdit

    The ship departed Charleston harbor at 10:00 AM on 10 June 2013. She tested her Oto Melara 76mm gun off the coast of Florida on 11 June 2013, firing 15 rounds.[18] She reached the Atlantic-side entrance of the Panama Canal and crossed its entire stretch on 17 June, and made a short refueling stop at Balboa, Panama on 18 June 2013. She continued to the US west coast and docked at San Diego Naval Base on 28 June 2013.[19]

    The Ramon Alcaraz will continue her journey across the Pacific Ocean and is scheduled for port visits at Join Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Hawaii, and at Guam[20] before reaching Manila by 3 August 2013.[21]

    Arrival in the PhilippinesEdit

    On August 1, 2013, Ramon Alcaraz entered the Philippine area of responsibility,[22] and proceeded to the waters off Casiguran, Aurora on August 2 for welcome ceremonies at sea by the Philippine Navy, local government units and fisher-folks .[23] She then traveled though the northern coasts of Luzon and proceeded to Bolinao, Pangasinan where she met by her sistership, the BRP Gregorio Del Pilar, and was escorted Subic Bay where her official arrival ceremony led by President Aquino was held on August 6.[24][25]

    Future UpgradesEdit

    The Philippines ordered new Mk 38 Mod 2 25mm stabilized remote-controlled gun systems and are expected to be installed on both ships of the class.[26] PF-16, will undergo two-month dry-dock and repair before her commissioning on November.[27]

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 Saunders, Stephen: Jane's Fighting Ships 107th Edition 2004-2005. Jane's Information Group Ltd, 2004.
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Gazmin assures Navy of brand-new gear, assets showcased on Navy Day". Interaksyon.com. 2012-05-22. http://www.interaksyon.com/article/32580/gazmin-assures-navy-of-brand-new-gear-assets-showcased-on-navy-day. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
    3. "US government to hand over second ship to Philippines". Philstar.com. 2012-02-09. http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?publicationSubCategoryId=63&articleId=775758. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
    4. "AFP eyeing 2 more second-hand US ships". ABS-CBN News. 2011-04-26. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/04/26/11/afp-eyeing-2-more-second-hand-us-ships. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
    5. "History of USCGC Hamilton (WHEC-715)". USCGC Hamilton (WHEC-715) official web site. United States Coast Guard. 2008-06-20. http://www.uscg.mil/pacarea/cgcHamilton/history.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
    6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "WHEC 378' Hamilton class". GlobalSecurity.org. 2005-04-27. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/whec-378.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
    7. "WHEC 378' Hamilton class". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/whec-378.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
    8. "Philippines Acquires MK38 Mod 2 Gun Systems for Navy". Defense Studies. 2012-09-06. http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2012/09/philippines-acquires-mk38-mod-2-gun.html. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
    9. "Navy Capability Upgrade Team Inspects New Ship". Philippine Navy - Naval Public Affairs Office. 2011-11-08. http://www.navy.mil.ph/news.php?news_id=375. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
    10. 10.0 10.1 "2nd US warship sold to Philippines also stripped of guns". Inquirer.net. 2012-05-22. http://globalnation.inquirer.net/37511/2nd-us-warship-sold-to-philippines-also-stripped-of-guns. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
    11. "Philippines' second warship to be named Ramon Alcaraz, World War II hero". Interaksyon.com. 2012-05-06. http://www.interaksyon.com/article/31168/philippines-second-warship-to-be-named-ramon-alcaraz-world-war-ii-hero. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
    12. "Decommissioned Coast Guard Cutter Dallas being transfered to Philippine navy". The Digitel Charleston. 2012-05-18. http://charleston.thedigitel.com/features/decommissioned-coast-guard-cutter-dallas-being-tra-39329-0518. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
    13. "Cutter Dallas officially turned over to Philippines". ABC News 4 Charleston. 2012-05-23. http://www.abcnews4.com/story/18598532/cutter-dallas-officially-turned-over-to-phillippines. Retrieved 2012-05-23. 
    14. "AFP CHIEF TO RECEIVE 2ND US PATROL SHIP". Balitang America - ABS-CBN International. 2012-05-18. http://www.balitangamerica.tv/afp-chief-to-receive-2nd-us-patrol-ship/. Retrieved 2012-05-23. 
    15. 15.0 15.1 "Phl spends $15M on 2nd US Hamilton-class cutter". Philstar.com. 2012-10-08. http://www.philstar.com/article.aspx?articleid=857575&publicationsubcategoryid=200. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
    16. 16.0 16.1 "Arrival of new PH navy ship pushed back". 12/03/2012. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/12/02/12/arrival-new-ph-navy-ship-pushed-back. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
    17. Romero, Alexis (2013-05-04). "Arrival of new Phl warship delayed". PhilStar.com. The Philippine Star. http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2013/03/04/915541/arrival-new-phl-warship-delayed. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
    18. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/312538/news/nation/after-successful-test-fire-brp-ramon-alcaraz-warship-heads-for-panama-canal
    19. http://www.zambotimes.com/archives/news/67828-BRP-Ramon-Alcaraz-voyage-successful-so-far-PN-spokesperson.html
    20. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/315210/news/nation/phl-navy-s-new-ship-the-brp-ramon-alcaraz-reaches-san-diego
    21. "BRP Alcaraz to arrive in PHL on Aug. 3 — DFA". GMA News. 2013-07-04. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/315928/news/nation/brp-alcaraz-to-arrive-in-phl-on-aug-3-dfa. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
    22. http://mb.com.ph/News/National_News/25064/New_Navy_warship_enters_Philippine_waters_
    23. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/320288/news/nation/brp-alcaraz-enters-aurora-waters-gets-welcome-ritual
    24. http://www.zambotimes.com/archives/news/71560-BRP-Ramon-Alcaraz-meets-sister-ship-in-Bolinao,-Pangasinan.html
    25. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/320786/news/nation/phl-attempts-to-modernize-navy-with-46-year-old-warship-brp-ramon-alcaraz
    26. "No. 721-12 Contracts". U.S. Department of Defense Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs). http://www.defense.gov/contracts/contract.aspx?contractid=4868. Retrieved 2012-09-09. 
    27. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/320961/news/nation/brp-ramon-alcaraz-to-undergo-extensive-checkup-repair

    External linksEdit



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