|Battalion Parasol (Umbrella)|
|Branch||Armia Krajowa (Home Army)|
|Type||Underground and urban warfare|
|Decorations||Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari V class|
Batalion Parasol (en. Battalion Parasol) (Umbrella) was a Scouting battalion of the Armia Krajowa, the primary Polish resistance movement in World War II. It consisted mainly of members of the Szare Szeregi, distinguishing itself in many underground operations, and in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 (as a member of the Radosław Group, a codename for a group of Kedyw, Polish underground organization).
History[edit | edit source]
It was first organized as "Agat" ("Anti-Gestapo") unit by Adam Borys "Pług", a Cichociemni elite soldier parachuted from England, in fall 1943. Due to arrest of Tadeusz Kostrzewski "Niemira" on 2 January 1944 it changed its name to "Pegaz" ("Przeciw Gestapo - Against the Gestapo"), and after another arrest it was reorganized as "Parasol" (umbrella) battalion. The last name referred to a parachute, as the unit was intended to join Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade in free Poland.
The battalion is renowned for its numerous military actions in years 1943-1944. "Parasol" organized assassination missions, during which key Gestapo officers and high-rank Nazi German officials, responsible for extreme terror in Poland's Warsaw District, were killed. One of the most famous assassinations was the Operation Kutschera - the execution of Franz Kutschera, the SS and Police Leader in the Warsaw District, who was shot in the center of Warsaw (in front of the SS Headquarters) in February 1944.
Józef Szczepański, a poet, was the notable commander of this unit. The poet Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński fought in its ranks and was killed in action by a German sniper in the first few days of the Warsaw Uprising.
Battalion fighters[edit | edit source]
- Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński
- Adam Borys
- Janusz Brochwicz-Lewiński
- Marian Buczyński
- Zbigniew Czajkowski-Dębczyński
- Jerzy Dargiel
- Stanisław Jastrzębski
- Stanisław Leopold
- Andrzej Malewski
- Witold Modelski
- Zdzisław Poradzki
- Józef Szczepański
- Krystyna Wańkowicz
- Jerzy Zborowski
- Eugeniusz Schielberg ps. "Dietrich"
- Jerzy Zapadko ps "Mirski"
Losses during the Warsaw Uprising[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
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