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Battle of Brest (1596)
Part of the Ottoman wars in Europe
Ottoman–Croatian Wars
Date19 September 1596
LocationBrest, Kingdom of Croatia, Habsburg Monarchy
Result Christian victory
Territorial
changes
Ottomans abandoned siege of Petrinja
Belligerents
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Croatia Kingdom of Croatia
Commanders and leaders
Achmed Hafis Pasha of Vidin Croatian ban Ivan Drašković
Colonel Juraj Lenković
Colonel Johan Herberstein
Strength
7-8,000 soldiers 5-6,000 soldiers[1]
Casualties and losses
Heavy Light


The Battle of Brest (1596) (Croatian language: Bitka kod Bresta ) was fought on 19 September 1592 between the Ottoman forces of Achmed Hafis Pasha, Beylerbey of Vidin, and the Germanic and Croatian forces led by Ivan Drašković, Ban of Croatia. The battle was a part of the Croatian–Ottoman wars and Ottoman–Habsburg wars between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy.

Prelude[]

Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 510: Unable to find the specified location map definition: "Module:Location map/data/Croatia" does not exist. Brest is a village near Petrinja, on the left bank of the Kupa river. In 1562. a small fortress (lat. castellum) was built there, in order to repel frequent Ottoman raids. In 1592. Hasan Pasha Predojević built the fortress of Petrinja nearby, and defeated joint Styrian-Croatian troops gathered to oppose him in the battle of Brest. After their victory, Ottomans sacked and burned fortress of Brest and raided Turopolje region.[1]

Battle[]

Forces of Ahmed Hafis Pasha, Beylerbey of Vidin, reinforced by troops of Bosnian Beylerbey Hodaberdi, besieged Petrinja on 10. September 1596. In response, by 19. September 5-6,000 christian troops gathered on the left bank of the Kupa river, under Croatian ban Ivan Drašković and colonels Juraj Lenković and Johan Herberstein of the Military Frontier.

Judging their forces too few to cross the Kupa against the Ottoman defenders, they moved towards Sisak in order to cross the river there and move on to lift the siege of Petrinja. Movement of Croatian troops was interpreted as retreat by the Ottomans, so Bosnian beylerbay crossed the river with a cavalry force in order to pursue the enemy. In response, Croatian troops quickly turned back and scattered the pursuers after the short skirmish, forcing them into the Kupa river.[1]

Aftermath[]

This skirmish broke the morale of the Ottoman army besieging Petrinja, who lifted the siege on the same day and started a retreat.[1]

Bibliography[]

  • Vojna enciklopedija (1970–76), 10 volumes, Vojno izdavački zavod Beograd, book 2, p. 8, article Brest (Serbo-Croatian)

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Gažević, Nikola (1974). Vojna enciklopedija (tom 2). Beograd: Vojnoizdavački zavod. p. 8. 

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