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Battle of Burgos
Part of the Peninsular War
Batalla gamonal.JPG
Battle of Burgos or Gamonal (National Library of Spain)
DateNovember 7, 1808
LocationGamonal ,near Burgos, Spain
Result French victory
Belligerents
France French Empire Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
Jean-Baptiste Bessières Conde de Belveder
Vicente Genaro de Quesada (WIA) (POW)
Fernando María de Alós
Strength
20,000 infantry,
4,000 cavalry
9,000 infantry
Casualties and losses
Unknown 2,000 dead, wounded, or captured


The Battle of Burgos, also known as Battle of Gamonal, was fought on November 10, 1808, during the Peninsular War. A powerful French army under Marshal Bessières overwhelmed and destroyed the outnumbered Spanish under General Belveder, opening central Spain to invasion.

Spanish history remembers this battle for the vain gallantry of the Guard and Walloon regiments under Don Vicente Genaro de Quesada. Forming a rearguard for the shattered Spanish lines, these troops repelled repeated charges by General Lasalle's. The cost was high for the Spaniards: of the 307 men in the rearguard only 74 survived, caked with blood; uniforms in tatters; bayonets bent and blunted.

It is said that Bessières personally returned Quesada's sword and had his wounds treated in the French field hospital[citation needed]. These acts of chivalry became increasingly rare as the Peninsular War dragged on.

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