|Battle of Burgos|
|Part of the Peninsular War|
Battle of Burgos or Gamonal (National Library of Spain)
|Commanders and leaders|
Conde de Belveder|
Vicente Genaro de Quesada (WIA) (POW)
Fernando María de Alós
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown||2,000 dead, wounded, or captured|
The Battle of Burgos, also known as Battle of Gamonal, was fought on November 10, 1808, during the Peninsular War. A powerful French army under Marshal Bessières overwhelmed and destroyed the outnumbered Spanish under General Belveder, opening central Spain to invasion.
Spanish history remembers this battle for the vain gallantry of the Guard and Walloon regiments under Don Vicente Genaro de Quesada. Forming a rearguard for the shattered Spanish lines, these troops repelled repeated charges by General Lasalle's. The cost was high for the Spaniards: of the 307 men in the rearguard only 74 survived, caked with blood; uniforms in tatters; bayonets bent and blunted.
It is said that Bessières personally returned Quesada's sword and had his wounds treated in the French field hospital. These acts of chivalry became increasingly rare as the Peninsular War dragged on.
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- (Spanish) The Battle of Gamonal
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