|Battle of Ctesiphon (263)|
|Part of the Roman–Persian Wars|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Ctesiphon took place in 263 between the Sassanid Empire and Palmyrene army under the Palmyrene king Odaenathus (Palmyra was then an allied state of Rome and officially part of the latter Empire). Following the Sasanians' defeat and loss of Syria and Cappadocia to the Roman Empire at the hands of Odaenathus and Balista; The Palmyrene monarch invaded Mesopotamia and stood at the walls of Ctesiphon and devastated the region around it, however he could not conquer it. Logistical problems fighting in enemy territory forced the Palmyrenes to left the siege carrying with them numerous prisoners and booty. The prisoners were sent to Rome enabling the Roman emperor Gallienus of holding a triumph.
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