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Battle of Gemauerthof
Part of the Great Northern War
Mūrmuižas kauja (Johans Kristofs Broce; 1705).jpg
The Battle of Gemauerthof (engraving from the Johann Christoph Brotze's collection)
DateJuly 15, 1705 (O.S.)
July 16, 1705 (Swedish calendar)
July 26, 1705 (N.S.)[1]
LocationGemauerthof, Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, (present day Mūrmuiža about 80 km south-west of Riga, Latvia)
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
Sweden Swedish Empire Russia Tsardom of Russia
Commanders and leaders
Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt Boris Sheremetyev
Strength
4,000 (infantry)
3,000 (cavalry)[2]
16 artillery pieces[3]
17,000 men,
(including irregulars)
26 artillery pieces[3]
Casualties and losses

900 killed
1,000 wounded

Total:
About 1,900 casualties[3]

At least 2,000 killed
2,000–3,000 wounded
400 captured

Total:
About 5,000 casualties[2]


The Battle of Gemauerthof was a battle in the Great Northern War. The Swedish forces under Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt fought a Russian army under Boris Sheremetyev. The Swedes, exhausted after forced marching, went to camp and were cooking supper when the news came of a large Russian army nearby. The Swedes quickly deployed into battle formation and, encouraged by General Lewenhaupt, attacked the Russians. Although suffering severe setbacks on their right flank, the assault continued. On the left, the Swedish cavalry charged and broke the Russians. The infantry in the centre fired carefully at point-blank range and then charged, pushing their foes back in disorder. The battle ended in a confused melee, which was eventually won by the Swedes. The Russian cavalry withdrew while the infantry was destroyed by a combined-arms assault. The Swedes were victorious, but the victory was only symbolic. In August, the Russians conquered Courland.[4]

References[]

Alf Åberg & Göte Göransson "Karoliner" p. 114 - 115

  1. Peter Ullgren, Det stora nordiska kriget 1700-1721 (2008) Stockholm, Prisma. p. 128. ISBN 978-91-518-5107-5
  2. 2.0 2.1 Northern Wars, H.E. Uddgren
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Vägen till Poltava - Slaget vid Lesnaja 1708, Pavel Konovaltjuk & Einar Lyth, Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, 2009
  4. Liljegren, B., 2000. Karl XII: En Biografi. p 395.

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