|Battle of Landriano|
|Part of the War of the League of Cognac|
Kingdom of France|
Republic of Florence
Duchy of Milan
|Commanders and leaders|
|Comte de St. Pol (POW)||Antonio de Leyva|
The Battle of Landriano took place on 21 June 1529, between the French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol and the Spanish army commanded by Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova in the context of the War of the League of Cognac. The French army was destroyed and marked the end of the ambitions of Francis I of France to vie for control of northern Italy with Charles I of Spain.
Background[edit | edit source]
In 1528 the Genoese Admiral, Andrea Doria, after deserting in favour of Charles, managed to break up the French siege of Naples; his efforts were helped by the plague, which decimated the French besiegers, among them General Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec, who died on 15 August. After his death, the French army was commanded by the Giovanni Ludovico of Saluzzo, who, under the circumstances ordered his troops to withdraw on 29 August, but eventually the Spanish-Imperial forces led by Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange, caught up with them and decimated them. Shortly after the whole French army in the south of Italy capitulated.
The Battle[edit | edit source]
The Count of St. Pol's reserve French troops were intercepted and neutralised by the Spanish troops commanded by Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova. The French army was left destroyed, which ended Francis's hopes of regaining his hold on Italy. The French commander, Francis de Bourbon, was also captured, leaving the Duchy of Milan under the complete control of the Emperor.
Hostilities continued however, although without any French participation, with the Spanish-Imperial army led by Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange, against the Republic of Florence and installing Alessandro de' Medici as the ruler of Florence.
Consequences[edit | edit source]
On 3 August, the Queen mother of France, Louise of Savoy and the Emperor's aunt, Margaret of Austria, signed the Treaty of Cambrai. Francis obtained the restitution of his sons, but on the condition that he had to abandon Italy, persuade the Venetians and the Duke of Ferrara to restore the occupied lands to the Emperor and the Pope Clement VII, not to interfere in the affairs of Italy and Germany, and to cooperate in the fight against the Protestants, to provide compensation of 200,000 ducats and send 4 ships, 12 galleys and 4 galleons for when the Emperor planned to go to Italy for his coronation.
See also[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- M. Galandra: The Italian Wars
- Arthur Hassall p.105
- Cadenas y Vincent p.290
- Cadenas y Vincent p.289
- Blockmans V.63
- Guicciardini. The History of Italy p.432
References[edit | edit source]
- Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente. España en Italia. La Herencia Imperial de Carlos V en Italia: El Milanesado (1978) Madrid.
- Hassall, Arthur. France Mediaeval and Modern a History  (2009) BiblioBazaar. LLC.
- Konstam, Angus. Pavia 1525: The Climax of the Italian Wars. Oxford: Osprey Publishing (1996) ISBN 1-85532-504-7
- Taylor, Frederick Lewis. The Art of War in Italy (1494–1529). Greenwood Press (1973) ISBN 0-8371-5025-6
- Guicciardini, Francesco. The History of Italy. Translated by Sydney Alexander. Princeton: Princeton University Press (1984) ISBN 0-691-00800-0
- Blockmans, Wim. Emperor Charles V (1500–1558). Translated by Isola van den Hoven-Vardon. New York: Oxford University Press (2002) ISBN 0-340-73110-9
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