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Battle of Liaoyang
Part of the Russo-Japanese War
Japanese General Kuroki and his Chief of Staff Shigeta Fujii.jpg
Japanese General Kuroki Tamemoto and Chief of Staff Fujii Shigeta.
Date24 August – 4 September 1904
LocationNear Mukden–Port Arthur Railway
Result Indecisive; Russian retreat
Belligerents
 Empire of Japan  Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Ōyama Iwao Alexei Kuropatkin
Strength
115 battalions, 33 squadrons, 484 guns[1][2] 127,360 men 208.5 battalions, 153 squadrons, 673 guns,[1][3] 245,300 men[4]
Casualties and losses
22,922 killed, wounded or missing[5]
Official report:
5,537 killed
18,603 wounded
19,112 killed, wounded or missing[1]
Official report:
3,611 killed
14,301 wounded


The Battle of Liaoyang (遼陽会戦 Ryōyō-kaisen?, 24 August - 4 September 1904) was one of the major land battles of the Russo-Japanese War.

While the Japanese Army settled down in front of Port Arthur for a siege, a large force under Field Marshal Oyama moved north to secure the strategically located rail junction of Liaoyang, on the Mukden–Port Arthur spur of the China Far East Railway, in Manchuria.

The battle began on 25 August 1904, with the 158,000 strong Russian armies, attempting to turn the flanks of the Japanese First, Second and Third Armies totaling 125,000 men.

On 26 August 1904, the Japanese First Army took Kosarei Peak and Hung-sha Pass southeast of Liaoyang city after a hard-fought action. General Alexei Kuropatkin, commander-in-chief of the Russian armies, believed that he had been beaten and withdrew from the outer Russian defense line, with the Japanese in pursuit.

From 29–30 August 1904, the Russian troops managed to repel intense Japanese assaults on the main defense lines south of Liaoyang. By 31 August 1904, the Japanese First Army was crossing the river northeast of Liaoyang,

On 4 September 1904, after a few days of ineffectual counterattacks, Kuropatkin decided to evacuate Liaoyang for Mukden in the early morning. The unfortunate city was then sacked in succession by Russian, Chinese, and Japanese forces.

The Russian armies suffered about 15 548 casualties (2007 KIA, 1448 MIA, 12 093 WIA) [6] However, despite the greater Japanese casualties (23,615 killed, wounded or captured), the Japanese were able to claim victory since the Russians quit the battlefield.

The dearly-won Japanese victory at Liaoyang and the fall of Port Arthur shortly thereafter contributed to the major Russian defeat the next year at the Battle of Mukden.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Official history of the Russo-Japanese War / prepared by the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence Part IV p 12 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "multiple" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Русско-японская война 1904—1905 гг., т. 3, ч. 2. с. 257.
  3. Русско-японская война 1904—1905 гг., т. 3, ч. 2. с. 270.
  4. Свод материалов к отчету по интендантской части за время войны с Японией" стр. 398-399. табл. #30
  5. The Official history of the Russo-Japanese War / prepared by the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence Part IV App D
  6. Russia and USSR in Wars of the XX century - Moskow, Veche, 2010 - p.32
  • Kowner, Rotem (2006). "Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War". Scarecrow. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5

Gallery[]

Russian forces were supported by observers in a variety of balloons, providing aerial monitoring of the unfolding battle.

Coordinates: 41°47′44″N 123°26′53″E / 41.79556°N 123.44806°E / 41.79556; 123.44806

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