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The Battle of Pasargadae, is the last of a series of battles, which occurred between 552 BC to 550 BC, that resulted in the conquest of Media by Cyrus the Great of Persia. This battle was one of Cyrus's first struggles in the formation of the Achaemenid Empire. There is a dispute on how many battles occurred between them - the first theory is based on Herodotus' account that one battle took place before Pasargadae. The second theory which is disputed in its own right, is either three or four battles took place before this battle. Which then Media finally acknowledged Cyrus as their ruler.
Historians consider Herodotus naming the first and last battle of the war, while Nicolaus of Damascus names each one between them.


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  • Rawlinson, George (1885). The Seven Great Monarchies of the Eastern World, New York, John B. Eldan Press, reprint (2007) p. 121-123. In 4 volumes. ISBN 9781428647
  • M. A. Dandamaev, A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire, tr. W. J. Vogelsang, BRILL Press, (1989) p. 16-17. ISBN 9004091726
  • Fischer, W.B., Ilya Gershevitch, and Ehsan Yarshster, The Cambridge History of Iran, Cambridge University Press (1993) p. 145. In 1 volume. ISBN 0521200911
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