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Battle of Pateros
Part of The Philippine Revolution
Date December 31, 1896 – January 3, 1897
Location Pateros, Taguig, Silang, Cavite, Philippines
Result First phase, December 31: Filipino victory
Second phase, January 1–2: Inconclusive
Third phase, January 3: Spanish victory
Belligerents
Philippine revolution flag kkk1 Katipunan Spain Spanish Empire
Commanders and leaders
Philippine revolution flag kkk1 Emilio Aguinaldo
Philippine revolution flag kkk1 Pío del Pilar
Philippine revolution flag kkk1 Mariano Noriel
Spain Camilo de Polavieja
Strength
16,000 local militia 11,000 cazadores
Casualties and losses
2,200 killed, wounded and captured 325 killed and wounded

The Battle of Pateros refers to a series of skirmishes between Spanish troops and Revolutionary forces in the towns of Las Piñas, Taguig and Pateros. These skirmishes occurred shortly after the execution of Rizal and are considered the renewal of hostilities in Luzon after a period of ceasefire from the Battle of Binakayan to The Rizal execution.

BackgroundEdit

After the failed Spanish attempt to recapture several towns in Cavite, a short period of desperate fighting occurred. The central Luzon revolutionaries in the north were heavily depleted and were on the verge of losing their war. Bonifacio's men in Morong were hard pressed by the Spaniards. But as things began to settle, the revolutionaries had successfully liberated all of Cavite and most of Laguna, Batangas and Tayabas provinces. In the period following the battle at Binakayan, several townsfolk from all over the provinces raced to settle in the territory of Cavite, bringing with them their town bands, their patron saints and so on. This period of temporary peace saw what the settlers of Cavite called "Ang Panahon ng Tagalog". Meanwhile, a new governor, Camilo de Polavieja, was put in power and began to suppress the rebels in Cavite, with Manila newspapers reporting the arrival of 40,000 cazadores (marksmen) from Spain.

Advance on PaterosEdit

Strategically located along the Pasig, Pateros and other cities in the area were ideal for controlling trade in and out of Laguna, As Aguinaldo slowly advanced on Taguig, The generals of Laguna planned to liberate the rest of the province as well. Just before these incidents, an unofficial ceasefire was being observed in Cavite. Upon hearing of the Execution of Rizal, Aguinaldo and several other generals ordered for the renewed struggle for independence. The first major target for the revolutionaries was Pateros and its surrounding cities. The advance began on land with the Aguinaldo forces marching towards Pateros, after noticing rebel activities in the area, Spanish troops pleaded for reinforcements as Aguinaldo moved forward, The reinforcements would arrive one day too late.

First BattleEdit

On December 31, Aguinaldo engaged the Spanish loyalist garrison at Pateros, catching them completely by surprise, Meanwhile, Mariano Noriel and Pio del Pilar advanced on Taguig, Silang and Las Pinas. By nightfall of the 31st, Pateros, Taguig and Silang, Cavite were under rebel control.

Spanish reinforcements arriveEdit

Starting on January 1 until January 2, Spanish reinforcements attacked the rebel positions in Pateros, A large contingency of Spanish troops from Laguna arrived and soon drove Aguinaldo out of Pateros and Noriel, out of Taguig. Spanish troops began to probe rebel activities in Pateros, while the revolutionary forces shifted their attention to Las Pinas.

Final Assault on PaterosEdit

On January 3, Aguinaldo, Noriel and Del Pilar launched a pitched battle between Spanish forces in Pateros. This was to be their last attempt to take Pateros. Meanwhile, rebels attacked Spanish fortified strongholds put up by Governor-general Ramon Blanco in Las Pinas, Dasmarinas and Silang, in an attempt to drive Spanish forces out of the areas for good, By the afternoon of the 3rd, Rebels forces were pushed back from Pateros and Las Pinas and into Laguna and Cavite. The remaining rebel attacks were repulsed.

ReferencesEdit

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