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Battle of Poison Spring
Part of the American Civil War
DateApril 18, 1864
LocationOuachita County, Arkansas
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
United States United States Confederate States of America Confederate States
Commanders and leaders
Col. James M. Williams John S. Marmaduke
Samuel B. Maxey
Strength
Brigade (1,100 men) Marmaduke’s and Maxey’s Divisions
Casualties and losses
301 114

The Battle of Poison Spring was fought during the American Civil War on April 18, 1864, in Ouachita County, Arkansas as part of the Camden Expedition.

Opposing forces[]

Dwindling supplies for his army at Camden, Arkansas forced Union Army Maj. Gen. Frederick Steele to send out a foraging party to gather corn that the Confederates had stored about twenty miles up the Prairie D’Ane-Camden Road on White Oak Creek. The party loaded the corn into wagons, and on April 18, Col. James M. Williams started his return to Camden. Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke’s and Brig. Gen. Samuel B. Maxey’s Confederate forces arrived at Lee Plantation, about fifteen miles from Camden, where they engaged Williams.

Battle[]

The Confederates eventually attacked Williams in the front and rear, forcing him to retreat north into a marsh where his men regrouped and then fell back to Camden. The Union lost 198 wagons and all the corn. Estimated casualties were 301 for Williams and 114 for the Confederates.

See also[]

  • James T. Elliott

References[]

External links[]

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