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Battle of Pometia
Part of the Roman–Latin wars
Date 503 BC - 502 BC
Location Pometia, Italy
Result Roman Victory
Belligerents
Roman Empire Rome Pometia

Cora
Commanders and leaders
Roman Empire Agrippa Menenius

Roman Empire Publius Postumius
Unknown
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Heavy Heavy

In 503 BC, two Latin towns, Pometia and Cora, said by Livy to be colonies of Rome, revolted against Rome. They had the assistance of the southern Aurunci tribe.[1]

BattleEdit

Livy says that a Roman army led by the consuls Agrippa Menenius Lanatus and Publius Postumius Tubertus met the enemy on the frontiers and was victorious, after which Livy says the war was confined to Pometia. Livy says many enemy prisoners were slaughtered by each side.[2][3] Livy also says that the consuls celebrated a triumph, however the Fasti Triumphales record that an ovation was celebrated by Postumius and a triumph by Menenius, both over the Sabines.

AftermathEdit

In the following year the consuls were Opiter Virginius and Spurius Cassius. Livy says that they attempted to take Pometia by storm, but then resorted to siege engines. However the Aurunci launched a successful sally, destroying the siege engines, wounding many, and nearly killing one of the consuls. The Romans retreated to Rome, recruited additional troops, and returned to Pometia. They rebuilt the siege engines and when they were about to take the town, the Pometians surrendered. The Aurunci leaders were beheaded, the Pometians sold into slavery, the town razed and the land sold. Livy says the consuls celebrated a triumph as a result of the victory.[4] The Fasti Triumphales record only one triumph, by Cassius (possibly over the Sabines although the inscription is unclear).

ReferencesEdit

  1. Livius, Titus (1998). The Rise of Rome. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 87. ISBN 9780191587603. 
  2. Livius, Titus (1998). The Rise of Rome. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 88. ISBN 9780191587603. 
  3. Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.16
  4. Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.17

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