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Bennie G. Adkins
Medal of Honor (15257829652).jpg
Adkins receiving the Medal of Honor from President Obama
Born February 1, 1934(1934-02-01) (age 86)
Died April 17, 2020(2020-04-17) (aged 86)
Place of birth Waurika, Oklahoma
Place of death Opelika, Alabama, U.S.
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1956–1978
Rank Command Sergeant Major
Unit 5th Special Forces Group
Battles/wars Vietnam War
 • Battle of A Shau
Awards Medal of Honor
Bronze Star Medal (2 with "V" device)
Purple Heart (3)

Bennie Gene Adkins[1] (February 1, 1934 – April 17, 2020) was a United States Army soldier and recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Vietnam War. In March 1966 Adkins distinguished himself during a 38-hour close-combat battle against North Vietnamese Army forces during the Battle of A Shau. At the time of the cited action, Adkins was a sergeant first class serving as an Intelligence Sergeant with Detachment A-102, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces.[2]

BiographyEdit

Adkins was born in Waurika, Oklahoma and was drafted in 1956. He was assigned to a garrison unit in Germany, with a follow-on assignment to the 2nd Infantry Division, Fort Benning, Georgia. After attending Airborne School, he volunteered for Special Forces in 1961, serving with Special Forces for more than 13 years with the 7th, 3rd, 6th and 5th Special Forces Groups (Airborne).[3] During that time he deployed to the Republic of Vietnam three times between 1963 and 1971.[4] In April 1967, Adkins was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions with Detachment A-102 during his second tour in Vietnam.[5][6] After Vietnam, Adkins was assigned to Fort Huachuca.[7] Graduating in the third class of the Sergeant Major Academy, he returned to the Special Forces at Fort Bragg, then went to Fort Sherman and led training at its Jungle Operations Training Center.[7] Adkins finally retired from the Army in 1978.[6]

After the Army, Adkins earned a bachelor's and two master's degrees from Troy State University.[2] He operated his own accounting company, and taught classes at Southern Union Junior College and Auburn University.[2] On May 12, 2017, Troy University Chancellor Jack Hawkins, Jr. awarded Adkins an honorary doctorate of laws.

In March 2020 Adkins was hospitalized with COVID-19, and was admitted to the intensive care unit and put on a ventilator after experiencing respiratory failure.[8] He died on April 17, 2020 of complications from the virus, at the age of 86.[9]

Medal of Honor awardEdit

From 2002, the U.S. Army reviewed all 6,500 recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross to see if any recipients had been short-changed; this led to two dozen medal upgrades in March 2014.[10] In 2013, as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, the Senate Armed Service Committee passed a provision removing the time limit for Donald P. Sloat and Adkins.[11] On September 15, 2014, President Obama awarded the Medal of Honor to Adkins as an upgrade of his 1967 Distinguished Service Cross. During that ceremony, the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously to Sloat and American Civil War army officer Alonzo Cushing.[12] Adkins was also inducted into the Pentagon's Hall of Heroes.[13]

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Cmoh army

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of Congress the Medal of Honor to

SERGEANT FIRST CLASS
BENNIE G. ADKINS
UNITED STATES ARMY

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

Sergeant First Class Bennie G. Adkins distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an Intelligence Sergeant with Detachment A-102, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces, during combat operations against an armed enemy at Camp A Shau, Republic of Vietnam from March 9 to 12, 1966. When the camp was attacked by a large North Vietnamese and Viet Cong force in the early morning hours, Sergeant First Class Adkins rushed through intense enemy fire and manned a mortar position continually adjusting fire for the camp, despite incurring wounds as the mortar pit received several direct hits from enemy mortars. Upon learning that several soldiers were wounded near the center of camp, he temporarily turned the mortar over to another soldier, ran through exploding mortar rounds and dragged several comrades to safety. As the hostile fire subsided, Sergeant First Class Adkins exposed himself to sporadic sniper fire while carrying his wounded comrades to the camp dispensary. When Sergeant First Class Adkins and his group of defenders came under heavy small arms fire from members of the Civilian Irregular Defense Group that had defected to fight with the North Vietnamese, he maneuvered outside the camp to evacuate a seriously wounded American and draw fire all the while successfully covering the rescue. When a resupply air drop landed outside of the camp perimeter, Sergeant First Class Adkins, again, moved outside of the camp walls to retrieve the much needed supplies. During the early morning hours of March 10, 1966 enemy forces launched their main attack and within two hours, Sergeant First Class Adkins was the only man firing a mortar weapon. When all mortar rounds were expended, Sergeant First Class Adkins began placing effective recoilless rifle fire upon enemy positions. Despite receiving additional wounds from enemy rounds exploding on his position, Sergeant First Class Adkins fought off intense waves of attacking Viet Cong. Sergeant First Class Adkins eliminated numerous insurgents with small arms fire after withdrawing to a communications bunker with several soldiers. Running extremely low on ammunition, he returned to the mortar pit, gathered vital ammunition and ran through intense fire back to the bunker. After being ordered to evacuate the camp, Sergeant First Class Adkins and a small group of soldiers destroyed all signal equipment and classified documents, dug their way out of the rear of the bunker and fought their way out of the camp. While carrying a wounded soldier to the extraction point he learned that the last helicopter had already departed. Sergeant First Class Adkins led the group while evading the enemy until they were rescued by helicopter on March 12, 1966. During the thirty-eight-hour battle and forty-eight hours of escape and evasion, fighting with mortars, machine guns, recoilless rifles, small arms, and hand grenades, it was estimated that Sergeant First Class Adkins killed between one hundred thirty five and one hundred seventy five of the enemy while sustaining eighteen different wounds to his body. Sergeant First Class Adkins' extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Detachment A-102, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces and the United States Army.[2]

Awards and decorationsEdit

Adkins has received the following awards:[2]

Bluebird-colored ribbon with five white stars in the form of an "M". Medal of Honor
V
Bronze oakleaf-3d
Width-44 scarlet ribbon with width-4 ultramarine blue stripe at center, surrounded by width-1 white stripes. Width-1 white stripes are at the edges.
Bronze Star Medal with Valor device and bronze Oak leaf cluster
Bronze oakleaf-3d
Bronze oakleaf-3d
Width-44 purple ribbon with width-4 white stripes on the borders
Purple Heart with two Oak Leaf Clusters
Width-44 myrtle green ribbon with width-3 white stripes at the edges and five width-1 stripes down the center; the central white stripes are width-2 apart Army Commendation Medal
Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg Army Presidential Unit Citation
Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon Meritorious Unit Commendation
Army Good Conduct ribbon.svg Army Good Conduct Medal with five bronze Good Conduct Loops
Width=44 scarlet ribbon with a central width-4 golden yellow stripe, flanked by pairs of width-1 scarlet, white, Old Glory blue, and white stripes National Defense Service Medal
AFEMRib.svg Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Silver star
Bronze star
Vietnam Service Ribbon.svg
Vietnam Service Medal with one silver and one bronze Campaign star
NCO Professional Development Ribbon.svg Noncommissioned Officer Professional Development Ribbon
Army Service Ribbon.svg Army Service Ribbon
Noribbon.png Vietnam Bravery Medal with one brass star
Cross of Gallantry with Bronze Star (South Vietnam).png Vietnam Gallantry Cross with one bronze star
Gallantry Cross Unit Citation.png Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
Civil Action Unit Citation Vietnam Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation
Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.png Vietnam Campaign Medal
Combat Infantry Badge Combat Infantryman Badge
1 star jump Master Parachutist Badge with one bronze combat jump star
SpecialForcesTabMetal Special Forces Tab
ViPaBa Vietnam Master Parachutist Badge (awarded twice)
United States Army Special Forces CSIB Special Forces (United States Army) Combat Service Identification Badge
SpecialForces Badge Special Forces (United States Army) Distinctive Unit Insignia

CSM Adkins has got 7 service stripes, 5 Overseas Service Bars, the Expert Badge with Rifle and Pistol bars, the Sharpshooter Badge with Carbine bar and the Marksmanship Badge with Machinegun bar.

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Cmoh army

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of Congress the Medal of Honor to

SERGEANT FIRST CLASS
BENNIE G. ADKINS
UNITED STATES ARMY

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

Sergeant First Class Bennie G. Adkins distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an Intelligence Sergeant with Detachment A-102, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces, during combat operations against an armed enemy at Camp A Shau, Republic of Vietnam from March 9 to 12, 1966. When the camp was attacked by a large North Vietnamese and Viet Cong force in the early morning hours, Sergeant First Class Adkins rushed through intense enemy fire and manned a mortar position continually adjusting fire for the camp, despite incurring wounds as the mortar pit received several direct hits from enemy mortars. Upon learning that several soldiers were wounded near the center of camp, he temporarily turned the mortar over to another soldier, ran through exploding mortar rounds and dragged several comrades to safety. As the hostile fire subsided, Sergeant First Class Adkins exposed himself to sporadic sniper fire while carrying his wounded comrades to the camp dispensary. When Sergeant First Class Adkins and his group of defenders came under heavy small arms fire from members of the Civilian Irregular Defense Group that had defected to fight with the North Vietnamese, he maneuvered outside the camp to evacuate a seriously wounded American and draw fire all the while successfully covering the rescue. When a resupply air drop landed outside of the camp perimeter, Sergeant First Class Adkins, again, moved outside of the camp walls to retrieve the much needed supplies. During the early morning hours of March 10, 1966 enemy forces launched their main attack and within two hours, Sergeant First Class Adkins was the only man firing a mortar weapon. When all mortar rounds were expended, Sergeant First Class Adkins began placing effective recoilless rifle fire upon enemy positions. Despite receiving additional wounds from enemy rounds exploding on his position, Sergeant First Class Adkins fought off intense waves of attacking Viet Cong. Sergeant First Class Adkins eliminated numerous insurgents with small arms fire after withdrawing to a communications bunker with several soldiers. Running extremely low on ammunition, he returned to the mortar pit, gathered vital ammunition and ran through intense fire back to the bunker. After being ordered to evacuate the camp, Sergeant First Class Adkins and a small group of soldiers destroyed all signal equipment and classified documents, dug their way out of the rear of the bunker and fought their way out of the camp. While carrying a wounded soldier to the extraction point he learned that the last helicopter had already departed. Sergeant First Class Adkins led the group while evading the enemy until they were rescued by helicopter on March 12, 1966. During the thirty eight hour battle and forty eight hours of escape and evasion, fighting with mortars, machine guns, recoilless rifles, small arms, and hand grenades, it was estimated that Sergeant First Class Adkins killed between one hundred thirty five and one hundred seventy five of the enemy while sustaining eighteen different wounds to his body. Sergeant First Class Adkins' extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Detachment A-102, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces and the United States Army.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. [1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Command Sgt. Maj. Bennie Adkins". United States Army. http://www.army.mil/medalofhonor/adkins/. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  3. "Distinguished Member of the Special Forces Regiment". United States Army Special Operations Command. http://www.soc.mil/swcs/RegimentalHonors/_pdf/sf_adkins.pdf. 
  4. "Opelika resident Bennie G. Adkins to receive Medal of Honor". Montgomery, Alabama. 25 September 2014. http://www.wsfa.com/story/26376455/opelika-resident-bennie-g-adkins-to-recieve-medal-of-honor. 
  5. Lamothe, Dan (17 September 2014). "Alwyn Cashe, the Medal of Honor, and how heroism gets undervalued". https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2014/09/17/alwyn-cashe-the-medal-of-honor-and-how-heroism-gets-undervalued/. 
    Keith, Tamara (15 September 2014). "Medals Of Honor Recognize Harrowing Battle And A Dying Act". https://www.npr.org/2014/09/15/348761069/medals-of-honor-recognize-harrowing-battle-and-a-dying-act. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Brooks, Drew (27 August 2014). "Vietnam vet with Fort Bragg ties among 3 to receive Medal of Honor". North Carolina. http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/vietnam-vet-with-fort-bragg-ties-among-to-receive-medal/article_cad46cd3-ad2f-504c-aa26-17a60a53772d.html. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Local resident to receive Medal of Honor Sept. 15". United States Army. 26 August 2014. http://www.army.mil/article/132618/Local_resident_to_receive_Medal_of_Honor_Sept__15/?from=moh_adkins_news_image. 
  8. Correll, Diana Stancy (March 27, 2020). "Beloved Medal of Honor recipient Bennie Adkins critically ill and hospitalized with COVID-19". Military Times. https://www.militarytimes.com/news/coronavirus/2020/03/27/beloved-medal-of-honor-recipient-bennie-adkins-critically-ill-and-hospitalized-with-covid-19/. Retrieved March 29, 2020. 
  9. Gearty, Robert (18 April 2020). "Medal of Honor recipient Bennie Adkins loses battle with coronavirus at 86". Foxnews. https://www.foxnews.com/us/medal-of-honor-recipient-bennie-adkins-coronavirus. Retrieved 18 April 2020. 
  10. Mulrine, Anna (15 September 2014). "Vietnam War soldiers receive Medal of Honor: Why so late?". http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Military/2014/0915/Vietnam-War-soldiers-receive-Medal-of-Honor-Why-so-late. 
  11. Sisk, Richard (12 December 2013). "Senate Backs MoHs for Two Vietnam Soldiers". http://www.military.com/daily-news/2013/12/12/senate-backs-moh-for-two-vietnam-soldiers.html. 
    "H.R. 3304 (113th): National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014". Civic Impulse, LLC. 26 December 2013. https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr3304. 
  12. Hlad, Jennifer (26 August 2014). "Obama to award 3 Medals of Honor, including 1 to Civil War soldier". http://www.stripes.com/news/veterans/obama-to-award-3-medals-of-honor-including-1-to-civil-war-soldier-1.300091. 
  13. J.D. Leipold (16 September 2014). "Vietnam War Soldiers inducted into Pentagon's Hall of Heroes". United States Army. http://www.army.mil/article/133797/Vietnam_War_Soldiers_inducted_into_Pentagon_s_Hall_of_Heroes/?from=moh_adkins_news_image. 

External linksEdit

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