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Benson-class destroyer
USS Benson DD-421 01
USS Benson (DD-421)
Class overview
Name: Benson class destroyer
Builders: Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation:
Fore River Shipyard,
Union Iron Works,
Staten Island, New York Division,
San Pedro, California Division
Boston Navy Yard
Charleston Navy Yard
Puget Sound Navy Yard
Operators: Flag of the United States.svg United States Navy
Taiwan Republic of China Navy (Taiwan)
Preceded by: Sims-class destroyer
Succeeded by: Gleaves-class destroyer
Subclasses: 24 Bristol-class[1]
Built: 1938–1943
In commission: 1940–1951
Completed: 30
Lost: 4
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1620 tons[1] (2515 tons full load)
Length: 341 ft (103.9 m) waterline,
348 ft 2 in (106.12 m) overall
Beam:   36 ft 1 in (11.00 m)
Draft:   11 ft 9 in (3.58 m) (normal),
  17 ft 9 in (5.41 m) (full load)
Propulsion: four Babcock & Wilcox boilers, General Electric SR geared turbines; two shafts;
50000 shp (37 MW)
Speed: 37.5 knots (69.5 km/h)
33 knots (61.1 km/h) full load
Range: 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 15 kt
  (11,000 km at 28 km/h)
Complement: 208 (276 war)
Armament:   5 × 5 in (127 mm) DP guns,
  6 × 0.50 in. (12.7 mm) guns,
10 × 21 in (53 cm) torpedo tubes,
  2 × depth charge tracks
Notes: authorized in fiscal year 1938[1]
Ship data source.[2]

The Benson class was a class of 30 destroyers of the U.S. Navy built 1939–1943.

It was named after William Shepherd Benson, a graduate of the Naval Academy in 1877. He commanded the USS Albany, USS Missouri, USS Utah, and the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Benson was appointed first Chief of Naval Operations in 1915 and then served as CNO until he retired 25 September 1919. He died in Washington, D.C., 20 May 1932.[3]

The Benson class was designed as an improved version of the Sims class with two stacks and a new machinery arrangement that featured alternating boiler and engine rooms designed to give the ships a better chance at surviving torpedo damage. Their scantlings, or framing dimensions, were increased to carry the weight of the new machinery. This increased the ship's displacement by about sixty tons. The Benson-class destroyer was the backbone of the pre-war Neutrality Patrols and brought the action to the enemy by participating in every major campaign of the war.

Following classEdit

The Gleaves-class destroyers were built to nearly the same design and were virtually identical to the Benson-class. The only visible difference between Benson and Gleaves was the shape of the stacks (the Bensons were flat-sided).

LossesEdit

USS Laffey and USS Barton were lost at the Battle of Guadalcanal on 13 November 1942.; the USS Lansdale was lost in a battle in the Mediterranean Sea on 20 April 1944 and the bow section of USS Murphy was cut off in a collision with SS Bulkoil 75 miles (121 km) outside of New York, 21 October 1943 and sank. The rest of the ship was saved and was rebuilt and returned to service .[1]

DecorationsEdit

USS Laffey received a Presidential Unit Citation for her role in the Battle of Guadalcanal. USS Bailey received a Navy Unit Commendation for her service in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, 26 March 1943. Also, the USS Hilary P. Jones received a Navy Unit Commendation for her actions in the final operations in the Mediterranean Sea in September 1944.[1]

Ships in classEdit

Name Commissioned Decommissioned
USS Benson (DD-421) 25 July 1940 18 March 1946
USS Mayo (DD-422) 18 September 1940 18 March 1946
USS Madison (DD-425) 6 August 1940 13 March 1946 (sunk as target 14 October 1969)
USS Lansdale (DD-426) 17 September 1940 20 April 1944 (sunk by the Luftwaffe)
USS Hilary P. Jones (DD-427) 6 September 1940 6 February 1947
USS Charles F. Hughes (DD-428) 6 September 1940 18 March 1946 (sunk as target 26 March 1969)
USS Laffey (DD-459) 31 March 1942 13 November 1942 (sunk by Japanese battleship Hiei)
USS Woodworth (DD-460) 30 April 1942
21 November 1950
11 April 1946
14 January 1951
USS Farenholt (DD-491) 2 April 1942 26 April 1946
USS Bailey (DD-492) 11 May 1942 2 May 1948 (sunk as target 4 November 1969)
USS Bancroft (DD-598) 30 April 1942 1 February 1946
USS Barton (DD-599) 29 May 1942 13 November 1942 (sunk by Japanese torpedoes at Guadalcanal)
USS Boyle (DD-600) 15 August 1942 29 March 1946 (sunk as target 3 May 1973)
USS Champlin (DD-601) 12 September 1942 31 January 1947
USS Meade (DD-602) 22 June 1942 17 June 1946 (sunk as target February 1973)
USS Murphy (DD-603) 23 July 1942 Bow section sunk in collision with SS Bulkoil 75 miles (121 km) outside of New York, 21 October 1943. Ship rebuilt and returned to service.[4]

9 March 1946

USS Parker (DD-604) 31 August 1942 31 January 1947
USS Caldwell (DD-605) 10 June 1942 24 April 1946
USS Coghlan (DD-606) 10 July 1942 31 March 1947
USS Frazier (DD-607) 30 July 1942 15 April 1946
USS Gansevoort (DD-608) 25 August 1942 1 February 1946 (sunk as target 23 March 1972)
USS Gillespie (DD-609) 18 September 1942 17 April 1946 (sunk as target 1973)
USS Hobby (DD-610) 18 November 1942 1 February 1946 (sunk as target 1 June 1972)
USS Kalk (DD-611) 17 October 1942 3 May 1946 (sunk as target March 1969)
USS Kendrick (DD-612) 12 September 1942 31 March 1947
USS Laub (DD-613) 24 October 1942 2 February 1946
USS MacKenzie (DD-614) 21 November 1942 4 February 1946 (sunk as target 1 June 1974)
USS McLanahan (DD-615) 19 December 1942 2 February 1946
USS Nields (DD-616) 15 January 1943 25 March 1946
USS Ordronaux (DD-617) 13 February 1943 January 1947

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Destroyer History - Benson Class
  2. Destroyers - Benson Class
  3. USS Benson History
  4. Quest for Sunken Warships- USS Murphy, 2007, 19 July 2007, Military Channel, 2-3am, MDT.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit



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