The camp was created in 1835, shortly after the independence of Belgium from the Netherlands. It acquired a permanent character in 1850.
During World War I and World War II it was occupied by German troops. In May 1944 the camp was bombed by the Allied forces, damaging some blocks. A part of the Camp was also used as a POW-camp by the Germans.
Beverloo Soldiers' Council[edit | edit source]
The Beverloo Soldiers' Council was set up by mutinous German soldiers in November 1918 as part of the November Revolution. The first mutiny, by Alsatian soldiers occurred on 12 May 1918. They worked closely with the Brussels Soldiers' Council.
Interwar years[edit | edit source]
In 1920 the facilities hosted the pistol and rifle shooting events for the 1920 Summer Olympics. While those events took place, combat engineers detonated grenades four kilometres from the shooting stands.
For World War II during the German occupation following the Battle of France, 10,000 members of the Hitler Youth forming the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend were trained at the camp. During the war, it was also used as a transit camp for the Holocaust. Josef Nassy was imprisoned here during World War II.
More[edit | edit source]
- A website about the history of Leopoldsburg and Beverloo Camp: 3970Leopoldsburg.be
References[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Kamp Beverloo.|
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. https://www.webcitation.org/6370vPHtn?url=http://histclo.com/youth/youth/org/nat/hitler/hitlerhwy.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-11.
- Sports-reference.com Shooting overview of the 1920 Summer Olympics.
- US Holocaust Museum profile of Josef Nassy.
- Henry B. Harvey (1852). A visit to the camp of Beverloo. London: Parker, Furnivall, and Parker. https://books.google.com/books?id=OtALAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA8&dq=Beverloo&hl=de&ei=uTZWTtGsN8zxsgbU1o2SCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
- Horne, John (2002) (in en). State, Society and Mobilization in Europe During the First World War. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521522663. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jEMAAOmh1vAC&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=Beverloo+mutiny&source=bl&ots=FUENDhyTQ4&sig=IQg54Psj-bm4MkRcN-UN76NP0h4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj868Lt7tDZAhVjBsAKHR3IBSoQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=Beverloo%20mutiny&f=false. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
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