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Sir William Alexander "Bill" Jeffrey, KCB (born 28 February 1948) is a former senior British civil servant, who retired in the autumn of 2010.[1]

Jeffrey was educated at Allan Glen's School, Glasgow, and the Glasgow University. He joined the Home Office in 1971. From 1998 until 2002 he was Political Director of the Northern Ireland Office, supporting the Prime Minister and successive Secretaries of State on the implementation of the Good Friday Agreement. He was subsequently Britain's most senior immigration official - director-general of the Immigration and Nationality Directorate - from 2002 to 2005.

In April 2005 he joined the Cabinet Office as Security and Intelligence Coordinator, where he was the Prime Minister's principal adviser on security, intelligence, and counter-terrorism strategy. In September 2005 he was announced Permanent Secretary for Defence.[2] Already a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB), he was made Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in the 2007 New Year Honours List.

Bill Jeffrey is now Chair of the independent policing think tank the Police Foundation.[3]


Jeffrey has been criticised by the Public Accounts Committee chairman Edward Leigh for prioritizing the renovating of leisure facilities over the "unacceptable housing" conditions for troops and their families.[4] The paper said 19,000 service homes were in disrepair, half of all single accommodation was "below par" and that some servicemen would have to wait 20 years for improvements.[4] Edward Leigh said: " (Bill Jeffrey) have cut £13.5 million of essential work out of regional prime contracts, but you have obliged the same contractors to do £45 million on other projects, including resurfacing tennis courts and building all-weather pitches.[5]

As director-general of the Immigration and Nationality Directorate Jeffrey formulated a concerted policy of risk-taking by immigration staff who were asked when processing non-European Union migrants applying to work, study or marry to attempt to where possible to make positive (permissive) judgments where it was not certain that applications could be denied.[6] He communicated this policy, applying to hundreds of thousands of cases, in a note to Beverley Hughes, minister of state for citizenship and immigration. Hughes was later forced to resign for misleading MPs about whether she had been warned of the likely threat of Romanian and Bulgarian crime gangs taking advantage of the UK opening its borders to those seeking work from eastern Europe. This Whitehall correspondence which illegally withheld by the Home Office for four years and reveals an official policy to grant applications rather than to refuse them, fast-tracking over 300,000 applications with minimal checks. According to Times reporters, a number of serious criminals were admitted, including Taliban.[6]

Offices heldEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Kevin Tebbit
Permanent Under Secretary of the Ministry of Defence
2005 - 2010
Succeeded by
Ursula Brennan


  1. Smith, Michael; Oliver, Jonathan (13 June 2010). "Defence chief to be axed". London: Times Online. 
  2. "New Permanent Secretary Appointments announced". Office of the Prime Minister. 28 September 2005. 
  3. "Trustees, patrons and associates". Police Foundation. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Harding, Thomas (29 November 2007). "Troops 'wait 20 years for adequate housing'". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 9 January 2008. 
  5. "Examination of Witnesses (Questions 1-19)". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 9 January 2008. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Home Office covered up immigration risk. The Times, 8 November 2009

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