The black jail is a U.S. military detention camp established in 2002 inside Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan. Distinct from the main prison of the Bagram Interment Facility, the "Black Jail" is run by the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency and U.S. Special Operations Forces. There are numerous allegations of abuse associated with the prison, including beatings, sleep deprivation and forcing inmates into stress positions. U.S. authorities refuse to acknowledge the prison's existence. The facility consists of individual windowless concrete cells, each illuminated by a single light bulb glowing 24 hours a day. Its existence was first reported by journalist Anand Gopal and confirmed by many subsequent investigations.
Although U.S. President Barack Obama signed an order to eliminate black sites run by the Central Intelligence Agency in January 2009, that order did not apply to the black jail. However, in August, the Obama administration restricted the time that detainees could be held at the secret jail, and another like it at Balad Air Base in Iraq, to two weeks. Human rights organisations are concerned that the jail remains inaccessible both to the Red Cross and the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission. The ICRC has claimed that it had been receiving names of inmates since 2009.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Anand Gopal (2010-02-01). "America's Secret Afghan Prisons". The Nation. http://www.thenation.com/article/americas-secret-afghan-prisons.
- Allisa J. Rubin (2009-11-28). "Afghans Detail a Secret Prison Still Operating on a U.S. Base". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/29/world/asia/29bagram.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print. mirror
- Marc Ambinder (2010-04-14). "Inside the Secret Interrogation Facility at Bagram". Atlantic magazine. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/10/05/inside-the-secret-interrogation-facility-at-bagram/56678/. Retrieved 2010-05-27. mirror
- Stephen Soldz (2010-05-21). "The "Black Jail": Obama's Afghan Torture Center and the American Psychological Association". Scoop.nz. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL1005/S00180.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-27. mirror
- "Secret prisons: Obama's order to close 'black sites'". The Guardian. 2009-01-23. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/23/secret-prisons-closure-obama-cia. Retrieved 2009-01-23. mirror
- "Afghan Teenagers Claim Abuse at U.S. Military Prison". AFP. 2009-11-28. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5ikMxWQD2gXiIvK3ZkqVIJdP2QPSg.
- Partlow, Joshua; Julie Tate (2009-11-28). "Afghan teens allege abuse at U.S. ‘black’ prison: Unsubstantiated accounts raise new questions about treatment of suspects". Washington Post / MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34180743/ns/world_news-washington_post/.
- "Red Cross Confirms Secret Afghan Jail". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2010-05-11. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/05/11/2896559.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- Hilary Andersson (2010-05-11). "Red Cross confirms 'second jail' at Bagram, Afghanistan". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8674179.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- Hilary Andersson (2010-05-11). "Prisoner on being held in the 'black jail' at Bagram". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8674830.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- Andersson, Hilary (15 April 2010). "Afghans 'abused at secret prison' at Bagram airbase". BBC News. BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8621973.stm. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
[edit | edit source]
- America's Secret Afghan Prisons
- Afghans Detail Detention in ‘Black Jail’ at U.S. Base
- 2 Afghans allege abuse at U.S. site
- DIA and the Black Jail at Bagram
- Inside the Secret Interrogation Facility at Bagram
- Fresh claims US is running secret prison in Afghanistan BBC, October 15, 2010
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