|Blagoveshchensk massacre and Sixty-Four Villages East of the River massacre|
|Part of Siege of the International Legations|
In the Blagoveshchensk massacres, a Chinese civilian was tied for execution.
|Commanders and leaders|
Nicholas II of Russia|
Гродеков, Никола́й Ива́нович Гроде́ков
|More than 26 thousands soldiers, Cossacks||Unknown|
|Casualties and losses|
198 officials died|
The Blagoveshchensk massacres and Sixty-Four Villages East of the River massacres are the massacre occurred in Blagoveshchensk and Sixty-Four Villages East of the River during July 4–8 (Old Style), 1900.
Background[edit | edit source]
Process[edit | edit source]
Blagoveshchensk[edit | edit source]
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Sixty-Four Villages East of the River[edit | edit source]
Lieutenant-General Konstantin Nikolaevich Gribskii, ordered the expulsion of all Qing subjects who remained north of the river. This included the residents of the villages, and Chinese traders and workers who lived in Blagoveshchensk proper, where they numbered anywhere between one-sixth and one-half of the local population of 30,000. They were taken by the local police and driven into the river to be drowned. Those who could swim were shot by the Russian forces.
References[edit | edit source]
- 孙蓉图; 徐希廉 (1974) (in zh). 《瑷珲县志》. Taipei: Cheng Wen Publishing Co., Ltd.. pp. Page 209–210.
- Paine, S.C.M. (1996). Imperial Rivals: China, Russia, and Their Disputed Frontier. Imperial Rivals: China, Russia, and Their Disputed Frontier. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 978-1-56324-724-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=zMrx5Rw5n0AC. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Yan, Jiaqi (February 2005). "中俄邊界問題的十個事實──回應俄羅斯駐中國大使館公使銜參贊岡察洛夫等人文章 (Ten facts about the Sino-Russian border problem: In reply to the essays of Russian Minister-Counselor to China Sergey Goncharov and other people)". Chinese University of Hong Kong. http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/ics/21c/supplem/essay/0501021.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Maxwell, Neville (June 2007). Iwashita, Akihiro. ed. Eager Eyes Fixed on Eurasia. 21st Century COE Program Slavic Eurasian Studies. Sapporo: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University. pp. 47–72. http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/coe21/publish/no16_2_ses/02_maxwell.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Yang, Chuang; Gao, Fei; Feng (September 2006). "百年中俄关系 (A Century of China-Russia Relations)". World Affairs Press. ISBN 7501228760. (simplified Chinese)
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