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Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff
Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor
Emblem of the Spanish Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff.svg
Emblem of the Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff
Active 1977–1984
Country Spain
Branch Armed forces
Type Military staff
Part of Spanish Armed Forces
Headquarters Madrid
Commanders
First Chief of the Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff Lieutenant General Carlos Fernández Vallespín
Ceremonial chief Lieutenant General Álvaro de Lacalle Leloup

The Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff (Spanish language: Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor, JUJEM ) was the highest joint military command body of the Spanish Armed Forces that operated between 1977 and 1984, during the Spanish transition to democracy and the first years of the democratic period. The Board, subject to the political dependence of the Prime Minister, constituted the highest collegiate body of the chain of military command of Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The Board consisted of a president, selected from among lieutenant generals or admirals of the three branches of the Armed Forces, their chiefs of staff (Army, Navy and the Air Force) and a secretary. The president had to belong to the Group of Arms Command or Group "A" and was also chief of the Defence High Command, until the dissolution of this body in 1980.[1] The Board also had a General Headquarters, created in 1980 as a result of the dissolution of the Defence High Command, where the organs of aid to the command were integrated. Of the General Headquarters of the JUJEM they depended:

  • The General Technical Secretariat of the General Headquarters.
  • The Joint Staff of the Board, constituted in a balanced way by members of each of the three branches of the Armed Forces. The command of the Board fell to a divisional general or vice admiral of the same scale and group as the members of the Board, at the proposal of the same.
  • The Higher Center for National Defence Studies.
  • The Command of the General Headquarters.
  • Legal Service.

After its dissolution, the functions of the Board were assumed by the current Defence Staff.

Functions[]

The most important functions entrusted to the Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff were the following:

  • Provide technical advice in the preparation of the military policy to be formulated by the National Defence Board.
  • Formulate and propose, for approval by the Government, the Joint Strategic Plan, determining, within it, the joint objective of the Force.
  • Exercise the strategic direction of said Plan and coordinate the plans of the three branches of the Armed Forces derived from it.
  • Establish the doctrine of Unified Action and, where appropriate, the doctrine of Combined Action with the Armies of other countries.
  • Prepare combined plans with armies of other nations, when said plans were joint.
  • Propose to the Prime Minister the creation of the unified and specified commands, as well as the persons who should exercise it and who, under the direct dependency of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, were necessary for the execution of the Joint Strategic Plan, defining mission, means and areas of action.
  • Promote, in coordination with the National Mobilization Service, the preparation of integrated plans for general mobilization.

Presidents of the Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff[]

† denotes people who died in office.

President of the Board of Joint Chiefs of Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Carlos Fernández Vallespín
Vallespín, Carlos FernándezLieutenant General Carlos Fernández Vallespín
(?–1977)
[lower-alpha 1]
2 February 197728 April 1977†85 daysEscudo del Ejército de Tierra.svg
Army
[2][3]
2
Felipe Galarza Sánchez
Sánchez, Felipe GalarzaLieutenant General Felipe Galarza Sánchez
[lower-alpha 1]
23 July 197712 September 19781 year, 51 daysEmblem of the Spanish Air Force.svg
Air Force
[4][5]
3
Ignacio Alfaro Arregui
Arregui, Ignacio AlfaroLieutenant General Ignacio Alfaro Arregui
[lower-alpha 2]
12 September 197815 January 19823 years, 125 daysEmblem of the Spanish Air Force.svg
Air Force
[6][7]
4
Álvaro de Lacalle Leloup
Leloup, Álvaro de LacalleLieutenant General Álvaro de Lacalle Leloup
(1918–2004)
15 January 19829 January 19841 year, 359 daysEscudo del Ejército de Tierra.svg
Army
[8][9]

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Simultaneously served as Chief of the Defence High Command
  2. Simultaneously served as Chief of the Defence High Command until 19 May 1980

See also[]

Sources and references[]

The content of this article incorporates material published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado, which is in the public domain in accordance with the provisions of Article 13 of the Spanish Intellectual Property Law.

  1. JAYME BIOBDI, Diego (2010). "El Alto Estado Mayor". Instituto Universitario General Gutiérrez Mellado - UNED. pp. 56. ISBN 978-84-608-1110-7. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160304062454/http://iugm.es/uploads/tx_iugm/LOS_EJERCITOS_DEL_FRANQUISMO.pdf. 
  2. (Spanish) Real Decreto por el que se nombra Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor al Teniente General don Carlos Fernández Vallespín. The Spanish Official Gazette.
  3. (Spanish) Ha muerto el Teniente General Fernández Vallespín. ABC (28/04/77).
  4. (Spanish) Corrección de errores del Real Decreto 1845/1977, de 23 de julio, por el que se nombra General Jefe del Alto Estado Mayor y Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor al Teniente General don Felipe Galarza Sánchez. The Spanish Official Gazette.
  5. (Spanish) Real Decreto por el que se dispone el cese como Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor y Jefe del Alto Estado Mayor del Teniente General del Ejército del Aire don Felipe Galarza Sánchez. The Spanish Official Gazette.
  6. (Spanish) Real Decreto por el que se nombra General Jefe del Alto Estado Mayor y Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor al Teniente General don Ignacio Alfaro Arregui. The Spanish Official Gazette.
  7. (Spanish) Real Decreto 47/1982, de 15 de enero, por el que se cesa como Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor al Teniente General del Ejército del Aire don Ignacio Alfaro Arregui, destinándole como Vocal del Consejo Superior del Ejército del Aire. The Spanish Official Gazette.
  8. (Spanish) Real Decreto 49/1982, de 15 de enero, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor al Teniente General del Ejército de Tierra don Alvaro de Lacalle Leloup. The Spanish Official Gazette.
  9. (Spanish) Real Decreto 39/1984, de 9 de enero, por el que se dispone el cese como Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor del Teniente General del Ejército don Alvaro de Lacalle Leloup. The Spanish Official Gazette.

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