|Chair of the House Committee on Armed Services|
January 4, 2001 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Floyd Spence|
|Succeeded by||Duncan Hunter|
|Chair of the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs|
January 4, 1995 – January 4, 2001
|Preceded by||Sonny Montgomery|
|Succeeded by||Chris Smith|
|Member of the United States House of Representatives|
January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Sam Steiger|
|Succeeded by||Trent Franks (Redistricting)|
|Born||Robert Lee Stump|
April 4, 1927
Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
|Died||June 20, 2003 (aged 76)|
Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
|Resting place||Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery|
|Political party||Democratic (1958–1982)|
|Alma mater||Arizona State University|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1943–1946|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Robert Lee Stump (April 4, 1927 – June 20, 2003) was a U.S. Congressman from Arizona. He served as a member from the Democratic Party from 1977 to 1983 and then later a member of the Republican Party until the end of his tenure as congressman.
Early life and career
Stump was born in Phoenix, and was a U.S. Navy World War II combat veteran, where he served on the USS Tulagi from 1943 to 1946. He graduated from Tolleson High School in 1947, and Arizona State University in 1951 where he was a member of the Delta Chi fraternity. He owned a cotton and grain farm in the Phoenix suburb of Tolleson for many years.
He served four terms in the Arizona House of Representatives from 1959 to 1967, and five terms in the Arizona State Senate, from 1967 to 1976. He served as President of the Arizona State Senate from 1975 to 1976.
Member of Congress
He was first elected to the 95th Congress on November 2, 1976, originally as a Democrat from the 3rd Congressional District, a vast district stretching from western Phoenix through Prescott to Lake Havasu City and the Grand Canyon. He defeated state senate minority leader Fred Koory with 47 percent of the vote.
Stump wore his party ties very loosely. He considered himself a "Pinto Democrat," the popular name for conservative Democrats from rural Arizona, and his voting record was strongly conservative. His profile was similar to those of conservative Democrats from the South. He voted for Ronald Reagan's tax cuts in 1981. Shortly after that vote, he announced he would become a Republican when Congress reconvened in January 1982. Regardless of his party affiliation, he never faced serious competition at the ballot box. After his initial run for Congress, he only dropped below 60 percent of the vote once, in 1990. He only faced an independent in 1978, and was completely unopposed in 1986.
Described as "quiet" and "assiduously private", Stump kept a fairly low profile for most of his tenure. He had only a skeleton staff; he was known to answer the phone himself at his Washington, D.C. office, and to open his own mail. Stump usually returned home to work his farm in Tolleson on weekends.
In his 26 years in the House he became a noted member of the House Armed Services Committee, serving as chairman from 2001 to 2003. He'd chaired the House Veterans' Affairs Committee from 1995 to 2001, when he was forced to give that post up due to caucus-imposed term limits. He is one of the few members of the House to chair both committees. He consistently supported increased spending on the military and veterans. The 2003 military appropriations authorization act was named after him in recognition of his commitment to the military as the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003.
Stump sponsored bills to make English the official language for government business and to alter laws so that children born on US soil to non-citizen parents would not automatically be citizens. According to Amy Silverson, he was "best known in Congress as a perpetual naysayer, casting votes against almost all spending programs."
Between 1976 and 2002, he accumulated a lifetime score of 97 (out of 100) from the American Conservative Union. He received very low scores from the National Council of Senior Citizens, the American Civil Liberties Union, the AFL-CIO, the NAACP, and the League of Conservation Voters.
Although his district included the entire northwestern portion of Arizona, the great majority of its residents lived in the West Valley. Stump was often accused of addressing himself mainly to the West Valley and ignoring the other portions of his sprawling district, even though the district's center of gravity had moved to the West Valley as early as the 1970s. Indeed, many of his constituents rarely saw him. He maintained his district office in downtown Phoenix, outside his own district, for many years.
Bob Hope announcement
After the Associated Press mistakenly placed Bob Hope's obituary on its web site in June 1998, Stump announced on the floor of the House that the entertainer had died. This was quickly denied by his daughter and publicist; Hope outlived Stump by five weeks, dying in 2003 at the age of 100.
Death and legacy
He decided not to run for re-election in 2002 due to declining health. He endorsed his longtime chief of staff, Lisa Jackson Atkins, as his successor in what was then numbered as the 2nd District. Atkins had been very visible in the district, to the point that many thought she actually represented it rather than Stump. However, Atkins was defeated in a seven way Republican primary by Trent Franks, who held the seat until December 2017. Stump died June 20, 2003 of myelodysplasia, a blood disorder and was buried at Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery in Phoenix with full military honors.
In 2004, the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Prescott, Arizona, was renamed the Bob Stump Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Stump is no relation to the member of the Arizona Corporation Commission of the same name. In 2006, SR 303L was renamed the Bob Stump Memorial Highway.
In 2018, Stump's widow issued a letter, criticizing an Arizona state government politician of the same name for allegedly capitalizing on her late husband's name. The letter was met with a sharp rebuke by the state government politician's mother.
- List of American politicians who switched parties in office
- List of United States Representatives who switched parties
- Silverman, Amy (October 13, 1993). "The Stealth Congressman". Phoenix New Times. http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/1993-10-13/news/the-stealth-congressman. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- "Former Ariz. congressman Bob Stump dies". USA Today. June 22, 2003. https://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2003-06-22-stump_x.htm. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- "Rep. Bob Stump of Arizona retiring". April 26, 2002. https://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2002/04/26/stump.htm. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- AZ HCR 2043
- "Bob Stump, 76, Ex-Congressman of Arizona". The New York Times. June 24, 2003. https://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/24/us/bob-stump-76-ex-congressman-of-arizona.html. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- Public Law 107–314—December 2, 2002
- ACU House Ratings 2002.
- Green, Justin (October 28, 1996). "Claims Stump doesn't represent most of constituents". https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=B70KAAAAIBAJ&pg=2164,3721453. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- House Proceeding, June 5, 1998 (6:01:45 from start). From C-SPAN.
- "Premature report of Bob Hope's demise". BBC News. June 6, 1998. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/107732.stm.
- Hawkins, Derek (30 January 2018). "Morning Mix 'There is only one Bob Stump': Arizona politicians' families spar over same name". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2018/01/30/there-is-only-one-bob-stump-arizona-politicians-families-spar-over-same-name/. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
- Bob Stump at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- "Bob Stump, 76, Ex-Congressman of Arizona, Dies". The New York Times. June 24, 2003. https://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/24/obituaries/24STUM.html.
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 3rd congressional district
|Chairman of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee
|Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee
|Arizona's delegation(s) to the 95th–107th United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)
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