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Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
Seal of the Venezuelan Navy
Coat of Arms of the Navy
Country Venezuela
Branch Navy of Venezuela
Service history
Active 1811 – Present
Size 6 frigates
4 corvettes
2 submarines
4 amphibious ship
8 patrol boat
3 auxiliary ship
Part of Ministry of People's Power for Defense
Patron Virgen del Valle
Motto Navegare necesse, vivere non necesse (Latin: "Sailing is necessary, but living is not".)
Colors Navy Blue
Battles Venezuelan War of Independence
Battle of Lake Maracaibo
Commanders
Commanders Admiral Gilberto Pinto BlancoPresidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela Nicolás Maduro MorosJosé Prudencio Padilla
Luis Brión
Insignia
Insignia
Flag of Venezuela (state)

The navy of Venezuela is officially called the Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela (Spanish language:Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela ).

It serves the purpose of defending the naval sovereignty of the country, including inland, fluvial security, it also serves to prevent illegal activities in the Venezuelan borders and collaborates with international organizations to safeguard international waters from criminal activities.

HistoryEdit

The Navy was born as a coastal defense force during the height of the Venezuelan War of Independence. In April 1811 the Nautical School was opened by order of the national government in La Guaira to train future naval officers, months before the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, thus the Navy's origins start from this date, with its first vessels being those formerly used by the naval forces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela.

For long time their vessels, even if obsolete, were maintained properly by its sailors. In 1937 the Navy acquired from Italy two gunboats of the Azio class and rechristened them General Soublette and General Urdaneta; these ships where retained in service until 1951[1] (for other sources in 1948[2] or 1950[3][4]) and scrapped later.[5][6]

Joint exercisesEdit

In September, 2008, the Russian Navy's nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, accompanied by three other ships of Russia's Northern Fleet, sailed from its base in Severomorsk on a cruise to the Caribbean Sea for a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy. This action represented the first major Russian power projection in that region since the end of the Cold War.[7][8] The fleet of ships, headed by the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy, set off from its base at Severomorsk in the Arctic on Monday, September 22. Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo told the AFP news agency, "It's the nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Peter the Great, the anti-submarine warship Admiral Chebanenko and other accompanying ships". The other ships included a tug boat and supply ships.[9]

Organization of the NavyEdit

The Navy is led by the Commanding General of the Navy, by 2012 Admiral Diego Antonio Guerra Barreto.[citation needed]

Naval Operations CommandEdit

Led by the Chief of Naval Operations, as of 2013 Vice Admiral Jesus Gerardo Ortega Hernández,[10] it supervises all 4 naval operating commands.

Fleet Forces CommandEdit

Based in Naval Base Rear Admiral Agustín Armario in Puerto Caballo, Carabobo State it is the lead operating command of the Navy, divided into four operating squadrons:[citation needed]

  • Frigates Squadron
  • Submarine Squadron
  • Patrol Squadron
  • Service and Amphibious Squadron

Fluvial CommandEdit

This command is the riverline and fluvial operations arm of the Navy mandated for riverline operations.

Venezuelan Naval Aviation CommandEdit

The command serves as the air arm of the Venezulean Navy.

Naval Air Stations of the Venezuelan NavyEdit

There are eight Naval Air Statons:[citation needed]

  • NAS Puerto Cabello (NAC HQ)
  • NAS Punto Fijo
  • NAS Maiquieta
  • NAS Caracas (Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda Air Base)
  • NAS Guiria
  • NAS La Blanquilla
  • NAS La Orchila
  • NAS Puerto Ayacucho (General in Chief José Antonio Páez AFB)

Coast Guard CommandEdit

Headquartered in La Guaira, Vargas, it is responsible for the surveillance of Venezuelas jurisdictional waters.[11]

Support and Shore Establishment CommandsEdit

Naval Service Education and Training CommandEdit

The NSETC has eight component units tasked in the training of all officers and enlisted personnel:[citation needed]

  • Venezuelan Naval Academy
  • Naval War College
  • Naval Tactical Scenarios School
  • Center of Naval Administration
  • Military Technical Academy - Naval Branch
  • Naval Technical School
  • Naval Recruit Training School
  • Naval Police School

Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organizationEdit

The following is the roster of active duty vessels and ships[when?] of the Venezuelan National Bolivarian Navy.[12][full citation needed]

Vessels
Frigates
Class Origin Type In Service In order shipyard Notes
Mariscal Sucre Flag of Italy.svg Italy Missile frigate 3 3 mothballed at the DIANCA shipyard.
submarine
Clase Sabalo Flag of Germany.png Germany Diesel-electric submarine 1 1 mothballed at the DIANCA shipyard.
Patrol and Guard Combat
Guaiquerí Flag of Spain.svg Spain Patrol (POVZEE) 3 1 PC-22 Warao, to be repaired after grounding off Fortaleza, Brazil in August 2012
Guaicamacuto Flag of Spain.svg Spain Patrol coast guard (BVL) 3 1 POV tamanaco is being assembled in DIANCA
Vosper Constitution class Flag of the United States.svg USA Patrol coast guard 3
Vosper Federation class Flag of the United States.svg USA Patrol coast guard 3
Coast Guard Patrol
USGC Point class Petrel Flag of the United States.svg USA patrol boat 4
Class Pagalo Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN/Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba patrol boat 1 5 5 are under construction in Cuba
Class Gavion Flag of the United States.svg USA patrol boat 12
Fast Boats
Class Punta Macoya Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN fast boats  ?
Class Chichiriviche Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN fast boats  ?
Polaris Flag of the United States.svg USA fast boats 8
type Courage clase Constancia Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN fast boats  ?
River Patrol Boats
Class Manaure Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN River Patrol  ?
Class Guaicaipuro Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN River Patrol  ?
Class Guri Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN riverboat  ?
Class Terepaima Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN riverboat  ?
River Patrol Boats
Capana Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea Amphibious 4
Damen Stan Lander 5612 clase Los Frailes Flag of the Netherlands.svg NED Amphibious 3 1 1 under construction in Cuba
Class Margarita Flag of the United States.svg USA Utility landing craft (LCU) 2
LCM (8) mod.1 Curiapo Flag of the United States.svg USA Utility landing craft (LCU) 1
LCVP Yopito Flag of the United States.svg USA Utility landing craft (LCU)  ?
Auxilary Ships
Ciudad Bolivar Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea Fleet replenishment ship 1 In service from 2012 DIANCA
Punta Brava Flag of Spain.svg Spain oceanographic vessel 1
Francisco de Miranda Flag of the Netherlands.svg NED Salvage Tug 1
Bricbarc Flag of Spain.svg Spain Sail training ship 1
Class Los Taques Flag of Venezuela.svg VEN logistics ship 2
Class Gabriella Flag of the United States.svg USA Boat hydrographic 1
Hovercraft
Griffon 2000TD Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom personnel transport 1
Griffon 1050TD Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Hovercraft hydrographic 1

FrigatesEdit

ARV General Salóm (F-25) y ARV Mariscal Sucre (F-21) - 1987-09855

Venezuelan frigates General Salóm (foreground) and Mariscal Sucre conduct maneuvers

  • Six Lupo/Mariscal Sucre-class missile frigates class[13][14]
    • F-21 AB Mariscal Sucre, in service since 07-14-1980
    • F-22 AB Almirante Brión, in service since 03-07-1981
    • F-23 AB General Urdaneta, in service since 08-08-1981
    • F-24 AB General Soublette, in service since 12-04-1981
    • F-25 AB General Salóm, in service since 04-03-1982
    • F-26 AB Almirante García, in service since 07-30-1982

Ocean PatrolEdit

PC-21 Guaiqueri 14 de Mayo 2011 Foto Capitán Ted

PC-21 Guaiquerí

    • PC-21 AB Guaiquerí, in service since 14-04-2011[15]
    • PC-22 AB Warao,in service since 02-08-2011 to be repaired after grounding off Fortaleza, Brazil in August 2012[16][17]
    • PC-23 AB Yekuana, in service since 07-12-2011
    • PC-24 AB Kariña, in service since 23-04-2012

Amphibious and service shipsEdit

  • Four Capana-class LST.[18][full citation needed]
    • T-61 AB Capana, in service since 07-24-1984
    • T-62 AB Esequibo, in service since 07-24-1984[citation needed]
    • T-63 AB Goajira, in service since 11-01-1984[citation needed]
    • T-64 AB Los Llanos, in service since 11-01-1984
  • Four Cuban made Los Frailes-class multipurpose LSTs
    • T-91 "AB Los Frailes", in service since March 2012
    • T-92 "AB Los Testigos", in service since December 2012
    • T-93 "AB Los Roques", in service since October 25, 2013
    • T-94. in construction
  • One Ciudad Bolívar-class supply ship.
    • T-81 AB Ciudad Bolívar, in service since 09-23-2001[19]
  • One Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar training sailboat.[20]
    • BE-11 AB Simón Bolívar, in service since 08-6-1980
  • One oceanographic ship
    • BO-11 "AB Punta Brava", in service since 03-24-1991

Coast patrolEdit

Bvl

GC-21 Guaicamacuto

  • Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the BVL class.
    • GC-21 AB Guaicamacuto, in service since 02-Mar-2010[3][5][21]
    • GC-22 AB Yavire, in service since 29-Jan-2011
    • GC-23 AB Naiguata, in service since 1-Mar-2011
    • GC-24 AB Tamanaco, in order

Coast guard shipsEdit

  • Four USCG Point-class patrol boats, as of 2014.[20]
    • PG-31 ′′AB Petrel′′, ex Point Knoll 27 June 1967 – 11 September 1991,Transfer to Venezuela 30 August 1998
    • PG-32 ′′AB Alcatraz′′, ex Point Judith 26 July 1966 – 15 January 1992,Transfer to Venezuela 20 December 1991
    • PG-33 ′′AB Albatros′′, ex Point Ledge 18 July 1962 – 3 August 1998,Transfer to Venezuela 30 August 1998
    • PG-34 ′′AB Pelicano′′, ex Point Franklin 14 November 1966 – 23 June 1998,Transfer to Venezuela 3 August 1998
  • 12 Gavion-class patrol boats.
  • Damen Stan 2600 vessels, built in Venezuela, similar to the United States Coast Guard's Marine Protector class, as of 2014.[22][23]
    • PG-51 ′′AB Pagalo′′, in service since 10-09-08
    • PG-52, in order
    • PG-53, in order
    • PG-54, in order
    • PG-55, in order
    • PG-56, in order

Naval Aviation assetsEdit

AirplanesEdit

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
as of 2014[24]
Notes
CASA C-212-200 Patrullero Flag of Spain.svg Spain Maritime Patrol aircraft C-212-200S43 Patrullero 3
CASA C-212-400 Aviocar Flag of Spain.svg Spain Transport aircraft C-212-400 Aviocar 4
BE-200 Super King Air Flag of the United States.svg USA Transport B-200 1
C-90 King Air Flag of the United States.svg USA Transport C-90 1
Rockwell AC-980 Flag of the United States.svg USA Transport aircraft 1
206 Stationair Flag of the United States.svg USA Transport aircraft  ?

Note: The Navy has others two or three light aircraft.

HelicoptersEdit

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
as of 2014[24]
Notes
Bell 212 ASW Flag of Italy.svg ITA antisubmarine warfare Agusta Bell AB-212 ASW 9 lost one in an accident
Bell 412 Flag of the United States.svg USA transportation, assault and tactical support Bell 412EP 7
MIL MI-17V-5 Flag of Russia.svg Russia Assault/transport helicopter Mi-17V-5 6
Bell TH-57A Flag of the United States.svg USA Training light helicopter Sea Ranger 2
Bell 206B Flag of the United States.svg USA Training light helicopter Jet Ranger 2
Harbin Z-9 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Anti-submarine warfare ASW 8 on order First delivery in 2015[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Navyworld
  2. Museo della Cantieristica.
  3. Proflot
  4. Battleships.ru
  5. Warships 1900-1950
  6. Oceania
  7. http://wcbstv.com/national/hugo.chavez.venezuela.2.822252.html
  8. Reuters: Russia says to send battleship to Caribbean Sea
  9. "Russian navy sails to Venezuela". BBC News. September 22, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7628899.stm. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  10. http://www.armada.mil.ve/portal/index.php/operaciones
  11. Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.923
  12. cite web |url= http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/americas/venez.htm/
  13. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/venezuela/navy-equipment.htm
  14. http://www.fav-club.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=181%3Alupo-clase-mariscal-sucre&catid=37%3Aarmas-armada&Itemid=16
  15. [1] Navantia entrega a la Armada venezolana el primer Patrullero Oceánico de Vigilancia
  16. "El patrullero oceánico Warao (PC-22) de la Armada de Venezuela será reparado en Brasil" (in Spanish). infodefense.com. 9 January 2013. http://www.infodefensa.com/?noticia=el-patrullero-oceanico-warao-pc-22-de-la-armada-de-venezuela-sera-reparado-en-brasil. 
  17. "El patrullero oceánico Warao de la Armada de Venezuela arriba a Río de Janeiro para su eventual reparación" (in Spanish). infodefense.com. 7 March 2013. http://www.infodefensa.com/?noticia=el-patrullero-oceanico-warao-de-la-armada-de-venezuela-arriba-a-rio-de-janeiro-para-su-eventual-reparacion. 
  18. http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/americas/venez.htm
  19. http://www.shipspotting.com/modules/myalbum/photo-503011-A.R.B.V.+CIUDAD+BOLIVAR+T-81
  20. 20.0 20.1 Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.925
  21. "Navantia Launches and Commissions Two OPVs to Venezuelan Navy". http://www.naval-technology.com/contractors/warship/navantia/press8.html. 
  22. Mauricio Miranda (2008-02-26). "Analizan adquisición de un guardacostas en Venezuela". Analyze acquisition of a cutter in Venezuela. El Nuevo Diario. http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/variedades/9376. Retrieved 2012-02-02.  mirror
  23. "Casi listo patrullero venezolano similar al ofertado a Nicaragua". Almost ready like Venezuelan patrol offered to Nicaragua. Nuestro Mar. 2008-03-06. http://www.nuestromar.org/noticias/industria_naval_03_2008_casi_listo_patrullero_venezolano_similar_al_ofertado_a_ni. Retrieved 2012-02-02.  mirror
  24. 24.0 24.1 World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
  25. [ http://dmilt.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7868:venezuela-navy-orders-chinese-z-9-asw-helicopters&catid=35:latin-america&Itemid=58 Venezuela; Navy orders Chinese Z-9 ASW helicopters] - Dmilt.com, 7 September 2013

External linksEdit

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