|Part of Air Force District of Washington (AFDW)|
|Located near: Washington, D.C.|
Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling (JBAB) color guard
|Controlled by||United States Navy|
|Occupants||Defense Intelligence Agency|
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Bolling Field is a 905 acres (366 ha) military installation, located in Southeast Washington, D.C., established on 1 October 2010 in accordance with congressional legislation implementing the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission.
The legislation ordered the consolidation of Naval Support Facility Anacostia (NSF) and Bolling Air Force Base (BAFB), which were adjoining, but separate military installations, into a single Joint Base, one of 12 formed in the country as a result of the law.
Coast Guard Station Washington, D.C., is located on the post, next to the Capitol Cove Marina. The headquarters of the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Analysis Center, is located on the post.
The only aeronautical facility at the base is a 100 by 100 feet (30 by 30 m) helipad (ICAO: KBOF).
Overview[edit | edit source]
Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling (JBAB) is responsible for providing installation support to 17,000 military, civilian employees and their families, 48 mission and tenant units, including ceremonial units (United States Air Force Honor Guard, USAF Band, USAF Chaplains, the Navy Ceremonial Guard), various Army, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Joint Service commands and other DOD and federal agencies.
History[edit | edit source]
Bolling's property has been a Department of Defense (DOD) asset since 1917. From its beginning, the installation has included the Army Air Corps (predecessor to today’s Air Force) and Navy aviation and support elements. The tract of land selected for the base was scouted by William C. Ocker at the direction of General Billy Mitchell. The base began near Anacostia in 1918, as the only military airfield near the United States Capitol and was originally named The Flying Field at Anacostia on 2 October 1917. It was renamed Anacostia Experimental Flying Field in June 1918.
Not long after its acquisition by the military, the single installation evolved into two separate, adjoining bases; one Army (later Air Force) and one Navy. Bolling Field was officially opened 1 July 1918 and was named in honor of the first high-ranking air service officer killed in World War I, Colonel Raynal C. Bolling. Colonel Bolling was the Assistant Chief of the Air Service, and was killed in action near Amiens, France, on 26 March 1918 while defending himself and his driver, Private Paul L. Holder, from an attack by German soldiers.
Bolling AFB has served as a research and testing ground for new aviation equipment and its first mission provided aerial defense of the capital. It moved to its present location, along the Potomac in the city's southwest quadrant, in the 1930s.
Over the years, Marine Corps, Coast Guard and National Guard units, as well as DOD and federal agencies also found the installation to be an ideal place from which to operate.
- In 1918, pilots from the installation were dispatched by President Woodrow Wilson to create the first permanent airmail route from Washington, D.C. to New York City.
- Navy seaplanes were first tested and Air Force aerial refueling techniques were developed by installation-based personnel and military commands.
- Following its successful transatlantic flight in 1927, Charles Lindbergh's "Spirit of St. Louis" returned to the installation. Soon after, the aircraft was utilized for Lindbergh's goodwill flight to Mexico and South America.
- Air Force Lt. Col. Henry "Hap" Arnold led a bomber flight from Bolling Field on a 4,000-mile journey to Alaska in 1934, to demonstrate the capabilities of long-range strategic bombing missions.
- Throughout World War II, the installation served as a training and organizational base for personnel and units going overseas. It also served as the aerial gateway to the nation's capital.
- The Air Force’s first headquarters was established at the installation, as Army Air Forces Headquarters in 1941 and, with the creation of the United States Air Force, Air Force Headquarters in 1947.
- The Sacred Cow, President Harry Truman's initial official aircraft and Franklin Roosevelt's only official aircraft, retired from service on the installation in 1961. This aircraft was the predecessor to Air Force One and was used for both presidential and VIP support missions. President Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, which created the United States Air Force, at the desk on board this aircraft.
- In 1962, fixed-wing aircraft operations at the air force and naval installations ceased, due to congested airspace around Washington National Airport on the opposite shore of the Potomac River.
Although fixed-wing aircraft operations ceased, the installations continued their important service to the country and the world, serving in many capacities, including service with the Military Airlift Command (MAC); the headquarters for the Air Force District of Washington; the Air Force 11th Wing; Commander, Naval Installations Command, Naval Media Center (now, Defense Media Activity-Navy) and many other military commands and federal agencies
The Air Force District of Washington (AFDW) was created and activated at Bolling on 1 October 1985 with the mission of providing administrative support to Air Force members. On 15 July 1994, AFDW was inactivated, but was reactivated 5 January 2005 to "provide a single voice for Air Force requirements in the National Capital Region" according to the base's website.
Bolling field units also provide ceremonial support to the White House, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Force Chief of Staff, mainly through 11th Wing, the United States Air Force Honor Guard and The United States Air Force Band.
Major commands to which assigned[edit | edit source]
- Director of Military Aeronautics, 28 June 1918
- 3d Service Command, 6 March 1928
- Chief of Air Corps (Exempted Station), 1 July 1936
- General Headquarters Air Force, 15 March 1941
- Redesignated Air Force Combat Command, 20 June 1941
- Second Air Force, 13 October 1942
- Headquarters, United States Army Air Forces, 7 July 1943
- Continental Air Forces, 17 July 1945
- Redesignated: Strategic Air Command, 21 March 1946
- Bolling Field Command, 16 December 1946
- Military Air Transport Service, 1 August 1952
- Bolling Field Command, 1 October 1957
- Redesignated Headquarters Command, United States Air Force, 17 March 1958
- Military Airlift Command, 1 July 1976
- Air Force District of Washington, 1 October 1985 - 5 July 1994; 7 July 2005–present
- Headquarters, United States Air Force, 5 July 1994 - 7 July 2005
Major units assigned[edit | edit source]
- 312th Aero Sq (Service), July 1918-17 August 1919
- 99th Observation Sq, 18 August 1919 – 21 March 1921
- HQ Detachment, Bolling Field, 11 July 1922 – 31 March 1928
- General Headquarters, Air Force, 1 October 1933 – 28 February 1935
- 14th Air Base Group, 1 March 1935 – 31 March 1944
- 1st Staff Squadron, 1 September 1936 – 31 March 1944
- 2d Staff Squadron, 1 September 1936 – 31 March 1944
- 4th Staff Squadron, 17 May 1941 – 31 March 1944
- Air Force Combat Command, 28 March 1941 – 12 March 1942
- V Air Support Command (redesignated: Ninth Air Force), 23 July - 28 October 1942
- 5th Bombardment Wing, 10–31 July 1942
- VIII Ground Air Support Command, 28 April-29 May 1942
- 10th Ferrying Squadron, 10 April 1942 – 1 March 1943
- Transatlantic Sector, AAF Ferrying Command,
- Redesignated, Transatlantic Sector, Air Transport Command, 21 February 1942-15 April 1943
- XII Air Support Command, 25 September-19 October 1942
- Twelfth Air Force, 20–28 August 1942
- 26th Transport Group, 1 March 1943 – 21 February 1944
- Army Air Force Base Unit 1
- Redesignated Air Force Base Unit 1, 1 April 1944-1 April 1948
References[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bolling Field.|
- Bolling Air Force Base at GlobalSecurity.org
- Bolling AFB Relocation Information and Bolling AFB Q&A
- DC Military guide to the base
- Resources for this airport:
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