|Brazilian Naval Aviation|
Aviação Naval Brasileira
Logo of the Brazilian Naval Aviation
|Active||1916 – present|
Ministry of Defence
|Command HQ||São Pedro da Aldeia|
|Motto(s)||Wings over the seas|
|Commander-in-Chief||President Dilma Rousseff|
|Ceremonial chief||Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto|
|Commander of the Aeronaval Force||Rear Admiral Nelson Garrone Palma Velloso|
History[edit | edit source]
Naval aviation was organized in August 1916, after creation of a naval aviation school and an aviation flotilla. Brazilian naval aviators participated in patrol operations during the First World War, incorporating into the 10th Operations Group of the Royal Air Force.
The Brazilian Air Force was founded on January 20, 1941 extinguishing independent Army and Navy aviation at that time and forming a new armed service.
From mid-1942 until the end of the Second World War, the Brazilian Air Force patrolled the Atlantic. On 31 July 1943 it claimed the German submarine U-199, which was located on the surface, off Rio de Janeiro, two Brazilian aircraft, a PBY Catalina and a Lockheed Hudson, and an American PBM Mariner attacked the U-boat. The Catalina, named Ärará, was captained by 2º Ten.-Av. (2nd Lt.) Alberto M. Torres, and hit U-199 with depth charges, sinking her.
In 1956 the aircraft carrier Minas Gerais was acquired by the navy commissioning in 1960. In 1965 helicopters were permitted, after substantial political struggle, to the navy by a presidential decree and in 1998 authority to operate carrier based fixed wing aircraft for the Navy was granted by Presidential decree No. 2538. From 1961 to 1999 the Brazilian Air Force flew the S-2 Trackers of the Brazilian aircraft carrier Minas Gerais while the Navy flew the helicopters. In 1997, Minas Gerais was loaned an A-4Q airframe by the Argentine Aviación Naval (Naval Aviation) for deck-handling and interface trials. This was in lead-up to the 1999 acquisition of 20 A-4KU Skyhawks and three TA-4KU trainer aircraft from the Kuwait Air Force for US$70 million.
On September 30, 1999 Lieutenant Alvarenga of the Brazilian Navy was the last student naval aviator to make an arrested landing in the Skyhawk on a United States aircraft carrier. He is also the last US Navy naval aviation school Skyhawk student to earn his wings. On April 26, 2000, The first AF-1 (A-4KU) flight in Brazil. The aircraft N-1007 was manned by LtCol (USMC) James Edwin Rogers. A month later the same aircraft was being flown for the first time by a Brazilian Navy pilot who was also the first to do a touch-and-go on the Brazilian Navy carrier Minas Gerais. On 26 MAY 2000, Brazilian Navy VF-1, Falcoes AF1 Skyhawk N 1007 piloted by Lieutenant Alvarenga took off from São Pedro d'Aldeia Naval Air Base, Brazil. This was the first solo flight of a VF-1, Falcoes AF1 Skyhawk and the first fixed-wing flight by a Brazilian Naval Aviator since 1965. On January 2001, The first arrested landing and catapult launch from Minas Gerais of an A-4 were executed by CDR Daniel G. Canin, followed two days later by the first Brazilian Navy pilot to land on a Brazilian carrier.
Naval aviation's roles now include support of the Brazilian aircraft carrier São Paulo, fleet air defense, reconnaissance, transport of marine personnel, and anti-submarine warfare. It is also responsible for airborne operations of the Brazilian Marine Corps. The current head of the Brazilian Navies Airwing is Archana Murgesan.
Recent activities[edit | edit source]
Since 2001, by Brazilian invitation, pilot qualification tests of the Argentine Navy's Dassault-Breguet Super Étendards and S-2T Turbo Trackers now take place on the Brazilian Navy carrier São Paulo as Argentina now lacks a carrier of their own. Brazil also trains with and conducts regular exercises with the US Navy.
Equipment[edit | edit source]
Aircraft[edit | edit source]
As of 2012, the Brazilian Naval Aviation operates around 81 aircraft.
|C-1A Trader||United States||Aerial Refueling, COD||KC-2||0||4 C-1A are been upgraded to KC-2 by Marsh Aviation, delivery starts in April 2014 and ends in October 2015.|
|A-4 Skyhawk||United States||Ground-Attack Aircraft||AF-1
|12 units under modernization (9 A-4 + 3 TA-4), to be retired in 2025.|
|Super Lynx||United Kingdom||Maritime Helicopter||AH-11A||12||6 were upgraded. Other 6 planned to be upgraded.|
|SH-3 Sea King||United States||Maritime Helicopter||SH-3A
|Being replaced with S-70. 5 non-operational|
|Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk||United States||Maritime Helicopter||MH-16||4||2 more to be delivered|
|Helibras HB-350B (Esquilo)|| Brazil
|6 HB-350B + 12 HB-350BA. 1 HB-355F donated to Uruguay|
|AS332 Super Puma||France||Transport Helicopter||UH-14||4||6 aircraft received, 2 lost in accidents|
|AS532 Cougar||France||Transport Helicopter||UH-14||2|
|EC 725 Cougar||110px|| Brazil
|Transport Helicopter||UH-15||2||14 more on order.|
|Bell 206||United States||Training Helicopter
|all are serving for training. 2 more transferred from Brazilian Air force for receiving.|
Weapons[edit | edit source]
- Air-to-air missile AIM-9H Sidewinder. A-4
- Air-to-air missile MAA-1B. A-4
- Air-to-surface missile Sea Skua. Super Lynx
- Anti-ship missile Penguin. S-70B
- Anti-ship missile Exocet. SH-3, EC-725 Cougar
- Lightweight torpedo Mark 46 torpedo. Super Lynx, SH-3, S-70B
- Bomb Mark 82 bomb. A-4
- Bomb Mark 83 bomb. A-4
Gallery[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "The Type IXD2 boat U-199 — German U-boats of WWII". UBoat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/u199.htm. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- Morison, Samuel Eliot (March 2001). History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol.10: The Atlantic Battle Won.. Castle Books. p. 219. ISBN 0-7858-1311-X.
- Jane's Navy International, Carrier Aviation - Skyhawks set to land on Brazilian carrier, p. 6
- Corless, Josh (1 June 1999). "The Brazilian Navy blazes a trail in the South Atlantic". Jane's Navy International (Jane's Information Group) 104 (006).
- "China Carrier Starts Second Round of Jet Tests". USNI News. United States Naval Institute. June 19, 2013. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=73511. Retrieved 2013-06-26. "The Chinese are being trained in carrier aviation —the most complicated military aviation operations — by a cadre of Brazilian carrier pilots."
- "World Airliner Census 2011". Flight Global," 13–19 December 2011. Retrieved: 10 January 2012
- "Brazilian Traders set for modernisation" Fight Global, 14 Dec 2011 Retrieved: 23 December 2011
- "Modernização dos A-4 da Marinha do Brasil" (in Portuguese.) Retrieved: 4 January 2012
- "Aviação Naval da Marinha do Brasil recebe novos helicópteros Sikorsky SH-60B Sea Hawk" (in Portuguese). Info Defesa, 28 August 2012. Retrieved: 5 September 2012.
- Scheina, Robert L., Latin America's Wars: The Age of the Caudillo, 1791–1899, Brassey's, 2003 ISBN 1-57488-452-2
[edit | edit source]
- Command of the Aeronaval Forces Official website
- Scramble: Brazilian Naval Air Arms
- Wings over the seas: the Brazilian Naval Aviation
- Aviação Naval Brasil
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