The Société des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Bréguet also known as Breguet Aviation was a former French aircraft manufacturer. The company was set up in 1911 by aviation pioneer Louis Charles Breguet. The company together with the British Aircraft Corporation was a parent to SEPECAT which was formed to develop and produce the SEPECAT Jaguar aircraft.
In 1971 it merged with Dassault to form Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation.
Aircraft (before merger with Dassault)[edit | edit source]
- Breguet-Richet Gyroplane (1907) - experimental single seat helicopter-like craft with four rotors.
- Breguet-Richet Gyroplane No.2 (1908) Tandem biplane with a pair of large inclined propellers providing both thrust and lift.
- Breguet Type I (1909) - Single-seat tractor configuration biplane with boxkite-like tail on booms.
- Breguet Type II (1910) - Development of the Type I, with a tricycle undercarriage and the tail carried at the end of a fuselage-like structure and a pair of booms.
- Breguet Type III (1910) - Development of Type II, three-seat, rotary engine
- Breguet Type IV (1911) - Experimental aircraft
- Breguet Type R.U1 (1911) - Single-engine biplane
- Breguet Aerhydroplane (1913) - One-engine one-seat seaplane. Did not fly
- Breguet Bre.4 (1914) - One-engine two-seat biplane bomber. Pusher configuration
- Breguet Bre.5 (1915) - One-engine two-seat biplane escort fighter. Variant of Bre.4
- Breguet 6 (1915) - Version of Breguet 5 with different engine
- Breguet 12 (1918) - Version of Breguet 5 with 37mm cannon and searchlight (night fighter)
- Breguet 14 (1916) - Single-engine two-seat biplane bomber aircraft
- Breguet 16 (1918) - Larger version of Breguet 14. Bomber aircraft
- Breguet 17 (1918) - Smaller version of Breguet 14. Fighter aircraft.
- Breguet 19 (1922) - Single-engine two-seat biplane reconnaissance/light bomber/sport aircraft
- Breguet 26T (1926) - Single-engine biplane eight-passenger airliner
- Breguet 280T (1928) - Development of 26T with improved fuselage aerodynamics
- License built Short S.8 Calcutta (1928) - Three-engine fifteen-seat biplane transport aircraft
- Breguet 27 (1929) - Single-engine two-seat biplane reconnaissance aircraft
- Breguet 270 (1929) - Development of 27 using steel chassis
- Breguet 393T (1931) - Three-engine biplane airliner
- Breguet 410 - Twin-engine light bomber
- Breguet 460 Vultur - Twin-engine light bomber
- Breguet 470 (1936) - Twin-engine airliner, only one unit built.
- Breguet 480 - Long range bomber project
- Breguet 482 (1947) - Four engine bomber, designed prior to war, only a single unit built
- Breguet 500 Colmar - Transport development of the Br.480
- Breguet 521 Bizerte (1933) - Development of the S.8 Calcutta. Long-range patrol flying boat
- Breguet 530 Saigon - Civilian version of 521
- Breguet 693 (1938) - Twin-engine two-seat monoplane ground attack/fighter aircraft
- Breguet 730 (1938) - Four-engine long-range flying boat. Piston engines. Also Br.731
- Breguet Deux-Ponts (1949) - Br.761/763/765 Four-engine double-deck large airliner. Piston engines.
- Breguet 790 Nautilus - Single-engine flying boat
- Breguet 890 Mercure - Civil/military transport
- Breguet Br 900 Louisette - (1948) Single-seat competition sailplane.
- Breguet Br 901 Mouette - (1954) Single-seat competition sailplane.
- Breguet Br 904 Nymphale - (1956) Two-seat sailplane.
- Breguet Br 905 Fauvette - (1958) single-seat competition sailplane.
- Breguet 940 - Four-engine STOL transport aircraft. Turboprop engines
- Breguet 941 (1961) - Four-engine STOL transport aircraft. Turboprop engines
- Breguet Vultur (1951) - Br.960 Twin-engine two-seat naval anti-submarine aircraft. Jet engine and turboprop engine (mixed power)
- Breguet Taon (1957) - Br.1001 Single-engine single-seat jet strike aircraft.
- Breguet Alizé (1956) - Br.1050 Single-engine three-seat naval anti-submarine aircraft. Turboprop engine
- Breguet 1100 - Twin-engine jet fighter
- Breguet Atlantique (1961) - Br.1150 Twin-engine naval reconnaissance aircraft. Turboprop engines
- Gyroplane Laboratoire (1935) - Helicopter prototype.
Leduc aircraft[edit | edit source]
Automobile production[edit | edit source]
Before 1914, in addition to producing aircraft, the firm produced a few six cylinder engined cars.
During the Second World War the company produced an electric car powered by batteries and propelled by an "off-the shelf" motor from Paris-Rhône. The motor was capable of producing two different levels of output. "First gear" and "Reverse gear" were provided with 36 volts, while "Second gear" equated to 72 volts. An advertisement for the car in 1941 claimed a range of 100 km (62 mi) between charges without mentioning that this range was only available where adhering to steady cruising speed of 20 km/h (12 mph). Cruising at a steady 40 km/h (25 mph) would, on the same basis, have given a range of 65 km (40 mi).
The car had a modern looking all enveloping two seater body with a relatively long tapered tail which contained the motor and some of the batteries. It had four wheels but the rear axle, which delivered power to the road, was relatively narrow. The car was actively marketed during 1941 which was a period of price instability. In August 1941 the Breguet electric car was priced at 56,000 francs: during the same month the Citroën Light bodied 11 (still listed, despite production by now being down to a trickle or suspended) was priced at 35,630 francs.
See also[edit | edit source]
Notes and references[edit | edit source]
- Avions Breguet
- "Automobilia". Paris: Histoire & collections. 1998. pp. Page 18.
[edit | edit source]
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