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The British Caspian Flotilla was a naval force of the Royal Navy established in the Caspian Sea in 1918. It was part of the allied intervention in the Russian Civil War.

ApproxPositionsWWI-1919

The force was established under the command of Commodore David Norris in September 1918.[1] Norris traveled by road from Bhagdad to Enzeli with a convoy of lorries transporting naval guns.[2] In January 1919 he was reinforced by 12 Coastal Motor Boats sent by train from Batumi the Black Sea.[3] The force was built up by threatening unarmed Russian Merchant ships with torpedoing unless they surrendered. These ships were then armed with the naval guns, officered by British officers with a crew guarded by Royal Marines.[2]

The flotilla maintained bases at Enzeli and Krasnovodsk, and in addition facilitated lines of communication between British land units in Baku, Petrovsk (Chechen Island), Alexandrovsk.

The Flotilla included:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Stratford, Stephen. "British Military & Criminal History 1900 to 1999". http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/ngs.htm. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Clifford Kinvig (November 23, 2007). "Churchill's Crusade". Hambledon & London. ISBN 9781847250216. OCLC 747256147. 1847250211. http://openlibrary.org/books/OL9819337M/Churchill's_Crusade. 
  3. "The Royal Navy on the Caspian, 1918–1919". Naval Review, 7/8 1919-20. pp87-99 and 218-240*
  4. Guard, John. "The Royal Navy in the Caspian Sea 1918-1920". Great War Primary Document Archive. http://www.gwpda.org/naval/caspian.htm. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 

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