|Bruno Arthur Hochmuth|
|Born||May 10, 1911|
|Died||November 16, 1967(aged 56)|
|Place of birth||Houston, Texas|
|Place of death||Huế, Vietnam|
|Place of burial||Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1935 - 1967|
3rd Battalion 4th Marines|
MCRD San Diego
3rd Marine Division
World War II|
*Battle of Tinian
*Battle of Okinawa
Distinguished Service Medal|
Legion of Merit w/ Combat V
Purple Heart x 2
Bruno Arthur Hochmuth (May 10, 1911 - November 14, 1967) was a Major General in the United States Marine Corps who was killed during the Vietnam War. He would be the first and only Marine division commander to be killed in any war. He was also the first American general to be killed in Vietnam, although Air Force Major General William Crumm had been killed in a B-52 collision over the South China Sea. He was killed when a UH-1E Huey from VMO-3 exploded and crashed 5 miles northwest of Huế. Four others also died in this crash.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Bruno Arthur Hochmuth was born on May 10, 1911 in Houston, Texas. He graduated from high school in 1930 and then graduated in 1935 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Education from Texas A&M. He was commissioned a Marine second lieutenant in July 1935, upon resigning a U.S. Army Reserve commission.
After completing The Basic School at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, he joined the Marine Detachment at the Texas Centennial in Dallas, Texas in June 1936. In December 1936, he was transferred to 2nd Battalion, 6th Marines in San Diego, California. Departing for Shanghai, China, in August 1937, he served briefly with the 6th Marines, then served two and a half years duty with the 4th Marines. While overseas, he was promoted to first lieutenant in July 1938. He remained with the 4th Marines in China until 1940.
Upon his return to the United States, Lieutenant Hochmuth was attached to the 7th Defense Battalion in September 1940. In February 1941, he embarked with the 7th Defense Battalion to American and British Samoa. He was promoted to major in May 1942. He remained in the Pacific Theater for two years, returning to the United States in March 1943, where he was assigned to the Antiaircraft Artillery School at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina until June 1943. From June until May 1944, Hochmuth served as Assistant Director, Command and Staff School, Quantico, Virginia, prior to embarking again for the Pacific area.
In May 1944, Major Hochmuth deployed again as Assistant Operations Officer for the III Marine Amphibious Corps and participated in the Battle of Saipan and Battle of Tinian. He then commanded 3rd Battalion, 4th Marines during the Battle of Okinawa. Following the surrender of Japan he was the executive officer of the 4th Marine Regiment when they landed in Japan on August 29, 1945. As Executive Officer of the 4th Marines, he made the initial landing on Japan August 29, 1945, and on September 2 of the same year attended the formal surrender ceremony at Yokosuka. He then commanded the Marine Barracks at Yokosuka for almost two years. For his service there, he was awarded the Navy Commendation Medal.
Returning to the United States in August 1947, he served at Headquarters Marine Corps for three years, then entered the Industrial College at Fort McNair in Washington, D.C. He graduated in June 1951, and returned to Camp Lejeune as Commanding Officer, 2nd Marines. In July 1952, he was named G-1 Officer, 2nd Marine Division at Camp Lejeune. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in August 1947 with rank from October 1942, and to colonel in January 1951.
Ordered to Kingston, Ontario, in September 1953, he served as Instructor, Canadian Army Staff College, for two years. He again went to the Far East in August 1955 and served as G-4 Officer, 3rd Marine Division, Japan and Okinawa. In August 1956, Colonel Hochmuth was assigned to Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, as a member of the Advanced Research Group, Marine Corps Educational Center.
In July 1957, he was transferred to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego and served as Chief of Staff through October 1959. While stationed in San Diego, he was promoted to brigadier general in November 1959 and served briefly thereafter as Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot and, later, as Commanding General of the Recruit Training Command.
In January 1960, General Hochmuth reported to Headquarters Marine Corps, where he served as Deputy Chief of Staff (Research and Development). While serving in this capacity, he was promoted to major general in August 1963. That November, he assumed duty as Commanding General, Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, South Carolina. For meritorious achievement from November 1963 to February 1967, General Hochmuth was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Navy Commendation Medal.
From March 19 to November 14, 1967, Hochmuth served as Commanding General, 3rd Marine Division, in the Republic of Vietnam. While involved in an inspection tour on November 14 he was killed when the helicopter, in which he was riding, exploded in mid-air and crashed. At the time of his death, Major General Hochmuth was the most senior U.S. military officer to be killed in the war. For service during this period, he was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.
Medals and decorations[edit | edit source]
A complete list of General Hochmuth's's medals and decorations includes:
|1st Row||Navy Distinguished Service Medal w/ 1 award star||Legion of Merit w/ valor device||Navy Commendation Medal w/ 1 Gold Star||Purple Heart w/ 1 award star|
|2nd Row||Navy Presidential Unit Citation w/ 1 service star||China Service Medal||American Defense Service Medal w/ Base clasp||American Campaign Medal|
|3rd Row||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ 3 service stars||World War II Victory Medal||Navy Occupation Service Medal w/ Asia clasp||National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star|
|4th Row||Vietnam Service Medal w/ 1 service star||National Order of Vietnam 5th Class||Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/ Palm||Vietnam Campaign Medal|
Honors[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "Fallen Stars". November 24, 1967. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,844146,00.html. Retrieved May 1, 2009.
- "November 14, 1967: Marine general killed in Vietnam". This Day in History. History.com. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=1485. Retrieved May 2, 2009.
- Duncan, PFC Christopher (November 27, 2009). "Hero honored at annex with Medal for Valor". Marine Corps News. Marine Corps Base Qusntico: United States Marine Corps. http://www.marines.mil/units/hqmc/quantico/Pages/HerohonoredatannexwithMedalforValor.aspx. Retrieved May 1, 2009. "...Hochmuth Hall, the MCIA headquarters building named in commemoration of Maj. Gen. Bruno Hochmuth who was killed in Vietnam." [dead link]
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates text in the public domain from the United States Marine Corps.
- "Major General Bruno A. Hochmuth, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Hochuth_BA.htm. Retrieved May 1, 2009.
- "Fallen Stars". November 24, 1967. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,844146,00.html.
- "Death of MajGen. Bruno A. Hochmuth". HMM-364.org. http://www.hmm-364.org/death-of.html.
- "Bruno Arthur Hochmuth". www.virtualwall.org. http://www.virtualwall.org/dh/HochmuthBA01a.htm.
- Merna, 1stLt Gerald F., USMC (Ret.). "A Great Marine Corps General Died in Vietnam". http://www.stagnesalumni.org/StoriesGenHochmuth.shtml. Retrieved May 1, 2009.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Smith, Charles R. (1997). Securing the Surrender: Marines in the Occupation of Japan. Marines in World War II Commemorative Series. Washington, D.C.: Marine Corps Historical Center. ISBN 0-16-049375-7. http://www.nps.gov/archive/wapa/indepth/extContent/usmc/pcn-190-003143-00/sec1d.htm. Retrieved May 1, 2009.
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