|Former Providence Mayor Vincent A. Cianci, Jr.|
|32nd & 34th List of mayors of Providence, Rhode Island|Mayor of Providence|
January 7, 1991 – September 6, 2002
|Preceded by||Joseph R. Paolino Jr.|
|Succeeded by||John J. Lombardi|
January 7, 1975 – April 25, 1984
|Preceded by||Joseph A. Doorley Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Joseph R. Paolino Jr.|
|Born||Vincent Albert Cianci Jr.|
April 30, 1941
Cranston, Rhode Island
|Died||January 28, 2016 (aged 74)|
Providence, Rhode Island
|Political party||Republican (1974–1982)|
|Spouse(s)||Sheila Bentley McKenna (m. 1973; div. 1983)|
|Alma mater||Fairfield University (BA)|
Villanova University (MA)
Marquette University (JD)
Vincent Albert "Buddy" Cianci Jr. (//, see-AN-see; Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃaŋtʃi], CHAHN-chee; April 30, 1941 – January 28, 2016) was an American lawyer, radio talk show host, politician, and political commentator who served as the mayor of Providence, Rhode Island from 1975–84 and again from 1991–2002. Cianci was the longest-serving mayor of Providence and one of the longest-serving mayors in United States history, having held office for over 21 years.
Cianci was twice elected Mayor of Providence. Earlier in his career he served as a state prosecutor in the Rhode Island Department of Attorney General. Cianci was forced to resign from office during both mayoral tenures due to felony convictions. His first administration ended in 1984 when he pleaded nolo contendere to charges brought against him. His second stint as mayor ended when he was forced to resign following his conviction for one count of racketeering conspiracy, and he served four years in federal prison.
Cianci was first elected mayor as the candidate of the Republican Party. While in office, he declared himself an independent and, as of 2009[update], he said that he had no party affiliation. On his radio show in June 2014, Cianci announced that he would run for mayor again. He was defeated by Democratic candidate Jorge Elorza in the 2014 election.
- 1 Family and personal life
- 2 Early legal career
- 3 Mayor of Providence, 1974–1984
- 4 Talk show host, 1984–1991
- 5 Mayor of Providence, 1991–2002
- 6 Later life
- 7 In popular culture
- 8 Further reading and documentary film
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Family and personal life[edit | edit source]
Cianci was born on April 30, 1941, in Providence, Rhode Island. His family lived in the Laurel Hill section of nearby Cranston, Rhode Island. Cianci was the younger child of Dr. Vincent Albert Cianci and Esther Cianci, née Capobianco (whose great-grandfather served as mayor of Benevento, Italy) who married in 1937.
His only marriage, in 1973, was to Sheila Bentley McKenna; the couple divorced in 1983. They had one daughter, Nicole, who died in 2012. Shortly before dying in early 2016, the 74-year-old Cianci announced his engagement to model and actress Tara Marie Haywood, then in her 30s.
Education and military service[edit | edit source]
At the age of seven, Cianci began appearing regularly on WJAR's Kiddie Revue Sunday radio broadcast from the Outlet Department Store on Weybosset Street, downtown Providence. After briefly attending public school, Cianci enrolled in Moses Brown School, a boarding school on the east-side of Providence. There he became the roommate of Adrian Hendricks, the first black student to attend the prestigious school. Later, Cianci would earn a bachelor's degree in government at Fairfield University.
Later, Cianci earned a master's degree in Political Science at Villanova University and a law degree at Marquette University Law School in 1966. Cianci also held honorary Doctorates in Public Service awarded by his alma mater, Fairfield University; in Business Administration from Johnson & Wales University; in Law from Roger Williams University; and most recently, a Doctor of Jurisprudence from the Southern New England School of Law.
Cianci enlisted in the United States Army on November 29, 1966. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Military Police Corps on April 24, 1967. He served on active duty until 1969 and then in the Army Reserve as a civil affairs officer through 1972.
Early legal career[edit | edit source]
After being admitted to the Rhode Island Bar Association in 1967, Cianci was hired by Rhode Island Attorney General Herbert F. DeSimone as a special assistant attorney general in 1969. The position was part-time but prestigious. In 1972, Cianci backed up lead prosecutor Irving Brodsky in the trial of mob boss Raymond L.S. Patriarca. Patriarca was found not guilty, but Cianci won praise as an Italian-American fighting "The Mob", when the film The Godfather painted an unflattering image of Italian-Americans.
In 1973, he became the prosecutor of the Rhode Island Attorney General's Anti-Corruption Strike Force, a position he held until his first election as mayor in 1974. As part of this task force, Cianci was involved in an investigation of Providence Mayor Joseph A. Doorley Jr. Cianci was gaining a reputation as an anti-corruption crusader.
During this time, Cianci gained political experience working on Attorney General Herbert DeSimone's unsuccessful campaigns for governor in 1970 and 1972.
Mayor of Providence, 1974–1984[edit | edit source]
In the fall of 1974, Cianci narrowly beat incumbent Mayor Joseph A. Doorley Jr. on an anti-corruption campaign. Cianci was helped by a revolt of Democrats upset with Doorley's administration. Cianci presented himself as a visionary reformer, outlining plans to revive an economically troubled downtown, rebuild the waterfront, restore blighted neighborhoods, create parks, and improve schools. Positioning himself as "the Anti-Corruption candidate," an Italian-American candidate taking on the Irish-American Democratic machine, Cianci won his first election by 709 votes.
Cianci became the city's first Italian-American Republican mayor, ending a 150-year "power monopoly" held by Irish and Italian Democrats. At the age of 33 years, 10 months and seven days, he was then the city's youngest mayor and the first Republican to lead that heavily Democratic city since 1939. Cianci was well known to be a charismatic and media-savvy politician. Cianci's propensity to attend parades, weddings, public events, and backyard neighborhood barbecues prompted a common joke that Cianci would jump to "attend the opening of an envelope". Cianci was revered by many residents of Providence, credited with the revitalizing of the city's economy and image.
In the mid to late 1970s, Cianci became a rising star in the national Republican Party. After being introduced by Bob Dole, Cianci made an address at the 1976 Republican convention. There was talk of him being the first Italian-American vice president. Cianci was also seriously considered for a federal Cabinet seat in the second Gerald Ford administration, had Ford been elected in 1976. After Ford's loss to Jimmy Carter, Cianci promoted himself as a candidate for one of Rhode Island's U.S. Senate seats, aiming to expand the Republican Party's ethnic votership. Cianci clashed behind the scenes with John Chafee over Rhode Island's Republican nomination for the Senate seat. Chafee was elected to the Senate in 1976 and Cianci was re-elected as Mayor of Providence as a Republican in 1978.
Cianci ran for governor in 1980, losing out to incumbent J. Joseph Garrahy. After this loss, Cianci drifted away from the Republican Party after he was not given an appointment in the Reagan administration despite his support of Ronald Reagan and intimations by Reagan's campaign manager, John Sears. In 1982 he was re-elected as Mayor of Providence as an independent.
During his first tenure in office, Buddy Cianci often clashed with the Providence City Council over issues such as the municipal budget. Cianci was supported by political allies in the Providence City Council's Republican minority
First resignation[edit | edit source]
During Cianci's first administration, the Providence City Council tried to create an ordinance for residents of the city to be able to vote their public officials out of office.
Cianci was forced by law to resign from office for the first time in 1984 after pleading nolo contendere or "no contest" – neither admitting nor disputing – on an assault charge alleging an altercation with Bristol, Rhode Island contractor, Raymond DeLeo. Cianci claimed that the man had been romantically involved with his wife, from whom Cianci was separated at the time. Both DeLeo and Cianci's estranged wife disputed the relationship. Providence municipal regulations prohibit a convicted felon from holding public office. Ironically, Cianci had promulgated that rule a few years earlier.
After Cianci's resignation, a special election was held to name a replacement. Cianci attempted to run in the election under the rubric that he had been convicted of a felony, but received a five-year suspended sentence rather than being sent to prison. After a few weeks it was decided by the Rhode Island Supreme Court that Cianci could not run in the special election, because the legislative intent was that the convicted incumbent could not succeed himself in office. The special election was won by City Council Chairman, Acting Mayor, and future ambassador to Malta Joseph R. Paolino Jr..
Talk show host, 1984–1991[edit | edit source]
Cianci spent the next few years as a radio talk show host on Providence AM station 920 WHJJ and as a television commentator. In 1990 he successfully mounted a re-election campaign with the slogan, "He never stopped caring about Providence."
Mayor of Providence, 1991–2002[edit | edit source]
It was during Cianci's second run as mayor, beginning in 1991, that the city of Providence entered its "Renaissance phase."
During his tenure, Providence became visibly cleaner and more tourist-friendly. Cianci brought the Providence Bruins hockey team to Rhode Island from Maine, and pushed to further several projects in the city, including new hotels, the Providence Place shopping mall and the Fleet Skating Center. He also helped to orchestrate the establishment of the summer weekend festivals known as WaterFire in downtown Providence, which continues to bring up to 100,000 people to the downtown area alone on the summer nights it takes place.
Arts-friendly city[edit | edit source]
In 1996, Cianci pushed to create an Arts and Entertainment District in downtown Providence by offering income and sales tax breaks to attract artists to downtown. Cianci said the tax breaks were part of an arts-centered economic development strategy. The idea was to develop an image of Providence as an "artist-friendly" city; this would attract not only artists, but well-educated workers, high-technology firms, economic development, and tourism. The strategy was copied as a model by Baltimore and other cities.
In 1998 Cianci ran again for re-election, unopposed on the ballot. The popular Cianci had never lost a mayoral election, until losing to Jorge Elorza in November 2014.
Operation Plunder Dome[edit | edit source]
Cianci was indicted in April 2001 on federal criminal charges of racketeering, conspiracy, extortion, witness tampering, and mail fraud. Several other Providence city officials were also indicted. Judge Ronald R. Lagueux said of the case: "Clearly, there is a feeling in city government in Providence that corruption is tolerated. In this mayor's two administrations, there has been more corruption in the City of Providence than in the history of this state."
Much of the trial was focused around a video tape showing top Cianci aide Director of Administration Frank A. Corrente taking a bribe. NBC reporter Jim Taricani aired the tape on local television station WJAR, and he was sentenced to six months of house arrest for refusing to reveal his sources to the court. Cianci did not maintain a low profile after the indictment but poked fun at the investigation, code-named "Operation Plunder Dome". Nine people (including Cianci) were convicted in the trials, which were presided over by Judge Ernest C. Torres. Cianci was acquitted of 26 out of 27 charges, including bribery, extortion, and mail fraud, but he was found guilty of racketeering conspiracy, running a corrupt criminal enterprise.
In September 2002, Cianci was sentenced to serve five years in federal prison by Judge Torres, who opted for a higher sentence than the minimum required by the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Cianci was forced by law to resign immediately following the sentencing.
Between his sentencing and the start of his jail term, Cianci resumed his radio career hosting a midday show with former Providence radio host (and former director of communications to Governor Don Carcieri) Steve Kass on AM talk station WPRO. After some legal wrangling, Cianci's lawyers managed to have him sent to prison closer to Rhode Island, and Cianci served his sentence at the Federal Correctional Institution, Fort Dix, in Burlington County, New Jersey. Cianci appealed the conviction to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, but was unsuccessful. In August 2005, Cianci made a request for early release, but was denied.
Later life[edit | edit source]
Cianci was released from prison on May 30, 2007, to a halfway house near Northeastern University in Boston.
Upon his initial release from federal prison, he had already secured a job in marketing and sales for the XV Beacon, a luxury hotel in Boston. However, he ultimately chose to return to Rhode Island and began work at the 903 Residences in Providence.
Political commentator[edit | edit source]
On September 20, 2007, Cianci returned to the airwaves on local Providence AM radio station WPRO, hosting a weekday talk show. He said that he had no plans to run for political office again, although he had not entirely ruled it out when pressed on the issue. On October 24, 2007, Cianci appeared on WLNE-TV ABC6 to announce that in addition to his radio show, he was joining the television station as chief political analyst and contributing editor. The work included moderating a weekly political segment called Your Attention Please, which was renamed Buddy TV. The timeslot became a daily segment in July 2008, and was renamed The World According to Buddy as of May 2011. His position at WLNE began on November 1, 2007. Cianci also hosted the station's weekend public affairs program On the Record with Buddy Cianci. He began in October 2008 as co-host of the program with WLNE weeknight anchor John DeLuca and became solo host in May 2011.
2014 campaign for Mayor of Providence[edit | edit source]
Cianci became eligible to run for mayor again in the year 2012, three years after his probation ended (due to the provisions of the 1986 Rhode Island constitutional amendment, aptly named "the Buddy amendment"). The next election in which Cianci would have been eligible to run was the November 2014. In 2010, Cianci was quoted as saying that he was "taking a good look" at running for the U.S. House seat to be vacated by Democrat Patrick J. Kennedy. He did not declare his candidacy.
In May 2014, Cianci, after being successfully treated for cancer, was cleared by his doctors to run for mayor in the 2014 November election. On June 25, Cianci declared his candidacy for Mayor of Providence as an independent. In August he named former Cianci staffer Cyd McKenna as his campaign manager and Dee Dee Witman as his finance chair, alongside other former staffers Charles Mansolillo and Beryl Kenyon. His campaign was unsuccessful and he lost to Democrat Jorge Elorza, conceding the election on November 4.
Illness and death[edit | edit source]
In January 2014, Cianci was diagnosed with colon cancer.
Cianci died on January 28, 2016, at the age of 74. He had been taken to the hospital the previous day after experiencing abdominal pain while filming his television show, On the Record with Buddy Cianci, at the WLNE-TV studio.
Thousands of people viewed Cianci's open casket as his body lay in state for two days in Providence City Hall, the first mayor to be so honored since Thomas Doyle in 1886. A horse-drawn carriage carried his casket through the city during a snowstorm on February 8, as it made its way to the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul where Roman Catholic Bishop Thomas Joseph Tobin presided over a funeral mass. The funeral procession then passed through Olneyville and Silver Lake, where Cianci grew up, ending at St. Ann's Cemetery in Cranston for a private burial next to his parents and daughter, Nicole.
In popular culture[edit | edit source]
- Trinity Repertory Company in Providence, Rhode Island began its 2019-20 Season with the world premiere of The Prince of Providence by George Brant, based on the novel of the same name by Mike Stanton.
- "Buddy" Cianci: The Musical, an off-Broadway musical created by Jonathan Van Gieson and Mike Tarantino. The musical incorporates much of the material from The Prince of Providence.
- On the animated sitcom Family Guy (set in Rhode Island), Chris attended Buddy Cianci Junior High School. One episode was titled "Fast Times at Buddy Cianci Jr. High".
- Cianci launched a brand of tomato sauce, "Mayor's Own Marinara Sauce." It was claimed that proceeds from sales were "Benefiting Providence School Children" and helped hundreds of students attend college. However, an August 2014 Associated Press report found that "in recent years, no money from the sauce's sales has been donated to Cianci's charity scholarship fund, The Associated Press has learned. From 2009 to 2012, the sauce made a total of $3 in income, longtime Cianci adviser Charles Mansolillo told the AP. In 2009, they lost $2,200 on the sauce, Mansolillo said. The following year, they made $2,974, while in 2011, they lost $2,969. In 2012, they made $2,198 profit, he said. That adds up to a profit of just $3 during the 4-year period." 
- Providence hip-hop artist, Zumo Kollie released a song titled "Buddy Cianci" on November 4, 2014.
Further reading and documentary film[edit | edit source]
- The Prince of Providence, a book by Mike Stanton (ISBN 0-375-50780-9) details Cianci's life, from childhood, to mob-busting prosecutor, to mayor, to conviction.
- Politics and Pasta: How I Prosecuted Mobsters, Rebuilt a Dying City, Advised a President, Dined with Sinatra, Spent Five Years in a Federally Funded Gated Community, and Lived to Tell the Tale, a book by Vincent "Buddy" Cianci with David Fisher (ISBN 978-0312592806), is Cianci's memoir.
- Cianci is the subject of the documentary film Buddy: The Rise and Fall of America's Most Notorious Mayor, directed by Cherry Arnold and narrated by James Woods.
- Season One of Crimetown, a podcast by Marc Smerling and Zac Stuart-Pontier, focuses on Mayor Cianci's ties to organized crime in New England.
References[edit | edit source]
- Marcelo, Philip (January 11, 2010). "Cianci says he may run again". http://www.projo.com/news/content/CIANCI_2010_01-11-10_SGH0FOS_v63.398818e.html. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- ""Politics and Pasta" by Vincent "Buddy" Cianci Jr.". January 6, 1975. http://www.denverpost.com/ci_17797372. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Milkovits, Amanda (January 4, 2016). "Cianci on engagement: 'I'm sure we'll be happy'". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/article/20160104/NEWS/160109721/0/SEARCH. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- "Buddy Cianci". http://www.buddycianci.com/bio.php. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Army Register, 1969. Vol. 2.
- Stanton, Mike (8 December 2002). "Cianci 'a survivor in a wicked world'". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20140626/cianci-a-survivor-in-wicked-world. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- Stanton, Mike (9 December 2002). "A Providence civics lesson". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20140626/providence-civics-lesson. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- Milkovits, Amanda (24 November 2016). "Cianci's rise in Providence scrutinized in 'Crimetown' third episode". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20161124/ciancis-rise-in-providence-scrutinized-in-crimetown-third-episode. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Ball, Molly (20 December 2010). "Cianci book: 'I'm no angel'". Politico. http://www.politico.com/story/2010/12/cianci-book-im-no-angel-046640. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
- "Features | The many faces of Buddy". Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160201025501/http://www.providencephoenix.com/features/top/multi/documents/03063585.asp. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- "Taste of Providence Buddy Cianci Played Himself in Derek Shapiro's Indie online films "No Lips No Teeth Part 3 (The Truth of Chuckie Seymore)" Released July 2016 www.MovieInternetChannel.Yolasite.com & www.Youtube.com -Type: "No Lips No Teeth" Part 3 Movie Derek Shapiro & He played Himself "Horror Night Part 2" www.MovieInternetChannel.Yolasite.com -Front Page & www.Youtube.com -Type:"Horror Night" Part 2" at the Internet Movie Database
- "Providence Residents Supportive Of Buddy Cianci Mayoral Bid". http://articles.courant.com/2014-06-29/news/hc-buddys-back-0629-20140628_1_vincent-buddy-cianci-jr-providence-renaissance-waterfire.
- Mike Stanton, "Zorba the mayor", The Providence Journal, December 13, 2002. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- Dresser, Michael (19 May 2001). "Success of R.I. arts district encourages plans in Md.". Baltimore Sun. http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2001-05-19/news/0105190362_1_artists-downtown-providence-arts-and-entertainment. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
- Cianci, Vincent A.. "Arts and Entertainment District". The United States Conference of Mayors. Archived from the original on March 29, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160329230926/http://usmayors.org/bestpractices/bp_volume_4/ri-provi.htm. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
- Dan Barry, "Buddy for Life", The New York Times, December 31, 2000. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- U.S. v. Cianci, 378 F.3d 71 (2004)
- Michelle R. Smith, "Cianci arrives at Boston halfway house after release from prison", Boston.com, May 30, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- Raja Mishra, "Cianci snubs Boston for job in R.I.", The Boston Globe, June 9, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- Joe Vileno, "Buddy Cianci" Archived February 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., The Phoenix, September 24, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2008.
- "Doctors Clear Buddy Cianci to Run for Mayor if He Wants", ABC 6, May 6, 2014. Accessed May 8, 2014.
- Hill, John (2014-06-25). "Cianci among 10 candidates filing papers to run for Providence mayor" (in en). The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/breaking-news/content/20140625-cianci-among-10-candidates-filing-papers-to-run-for-providence-mayor.ece.
- Fenton, Josh (2014-08-01). "GoLocalProv | Politics | Cianci Names Cyd McKenna Campaign Manager" (in en). GoLocalProv. http://www.golocalprov.com/politics/cianci-names-cyd-mckenna-campaign-manager.
- Fenton, Josh (2014-09-10). "Cianci Announces Campaign Leadership Team for Providence Mayoral Run" (in en). GoLocalProv. http://www.golocalprov.com/news/new-cianci-announces-campaign-leadership-team-for-providence-mayoral-run.
- "Cianci Announces Campaign Leadership Team for Providence Mayoral Run" (in en). GoLocalProv. 2014-09-10. http://www.golocalprov.com/news/new-cianci-announces-campaign-leadership-team-for-providence-mayoral-run.
- "Jorge Elorza Defeats Buddy Cianci in Providence Mayoral Race". http://www.boston.com/news/politics/2014/11/04/jorge-elorza-defeats-buddy-cianci-providence-mayoral-race/iiu8GpgXBGLqBHAfvTyxgN/story.html. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Chris Raia (February 3, 2014). "Cianci back to work after cancer diagnosis | WPRI 12 Eyewitness News". http://wpri.com/2014/02/03/cianci-back-to-work-after-cancer-diagnosis/. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Fenton, Josh. "GoLocalProv | News | BREAKING: Former Providence Mayor Vincent "Buddy" Cianci Has Died at 74". http://www.golocalprov.com/news/breaking-former-providence-mayor-vincent-buddy-cianci-has-died-at-74.
- Mooney, Tom (January 28, 2016). "Former Providence Mayor Vincent A. 'Buddy' Cianci has died". http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20160128/former-providence-mayor-vincent-a-buddy-cianci-has-died. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Mooney, Tom (8 Feb 2016). "Providence bids final farewell to Cianci, its longest-serving mayor". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20160208/providence-bids-final-farewell-to-cianci-its-longest-serving-mayor. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Pina, Alisha (30 January 2016). "Cianci to lie in state for 2 days at Providence City Hall". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20160129/cianci-to-lie-in-state-for-2-days-at-providence-city-hall. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Buddy" Cianci: The Musical, NYTheatre.com
- "Buddy Cianci". http://www.buddycianci.com/marinara.html. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
-  Archived August 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Amanda Milkovits (November 4, 2014). "Election with a Providence sound, local hip-hop artists release 'Buddy Cianci'". http://www.providencejournal.com/breaking-news/content/20141104-election-with-a-providence-sound-local-hip-hop-artists-release-buddy-cianci.ece. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Buddy (2005) at the Internet Movie Database
- Milkovits, Amanda (20 November 2016). "Crimetown review: A story of Providence Corruption". The Providence Journal. http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20161120/crimetown-review-story-of-providence-corruption--podcasts. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
- The Prince of Providence, a book by Mike Stanton (ISBN 0-375-50780-9) details Cianci's life, from childhood, to mob-busting prosecutor, to mayor, to conviction.
[edit | edit source]
- "FBI Press Release Relating to fall-out from Plunder Dome". Archived from the original on January 8, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070108112035/http://boston.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/pressrel05/bevilacqua090905.htm. Retrieved 2006-05-03.
- "Charges in 30-Count Indictment against Cianci and other Defendants"
- Vice and Virtue—2002 special by Rhode Island's The Providence Journal.
- "ABC6 News names Buddy chief political analyst"
- The Buddy Cianci Show on 630 WPRO
- Crimetown, a podcast which details Cianci's ties to organized crime in New England
Joseph A. Doorley Jr.
|Mayor of Providence
Joseph R. Paolino Jr.
Joseph R. Paolino Jr.
|Mayor of Providence
John J. Lombardi
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