282,664 Pages

Bureau of Corrections
Kawanihan ng mga Bilangguan
Agency overview
Formed June 25, 1865
Jurisdiction Government of the Philippines
Headquarters NBP Reservation, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1776
Agency executive US-O10 insignia.svg Usec. GERALD Q. BANTAG, Director-General, BUCOR
Parent agency Department of Justice

The Bureau of Corrections (Filipino: Kawanihan ng mga Bilangguan, literally "Bureau of Prisons", which was the old name of the agency from 1905 to 1989; abbreviated BuCor) is an agency of the Department of Justice which is charged with the custody and rehabilitation of national offenders, who have been sentenced to three years of imprisonment or more. The agency has its headquarters in the New Bilibid Prison Reservation in Muntinlupa.

Organization[edit | edit source]

It is headed by a Director-General (with the rank of Undersecretary" equivalent to the 4-star General in the military) and the bureau has 2,862 employees, 61% of whom are Custodial/Correctional officers, 33% are administrative personnel and 6% are members of the medical staff.

Mission[edit | edit source]

To maximize the assets'  value of the BuCor to effectively pursue its responsibility in safely securing transforming national prisoners through responsive rehabilitation programs managed by professional Correctional Officers.

Mandate[edit | edit source]

The Principal task of the Bureau of Corrections is the rehabilitation of National Prisoners. - The Bureau carries out the following task to carry out its mandate: - Confine persons convicted by the courts to serve a sentence in national prisons.

- Keep prisoners from committing crimes while in custody.

- Provide humane treatment by supplying the inmates' basic needs and implementing a variety of rehabilitation programs designed to change their pattern of criminal or anti-social behavior.

- Engage in agro-industrial projects for the purpose of developing prison lands and resources into productive bases or profit centers, developing and employing inmate manpower skills and labor, providing prisoners with a source of income and augmenting the Bureau's yearly appropriations.

Organization[edit | edit source]

Command Structure[edit | edit source]

The personnel of the Bureau of Corrections (BUCOR) must report to the following commanders:

  • The President of the Republic of the Philippines.
  • The Secretary of Justice (SOJ) through the Undersecretaries of Justice
  • The Director-General, Bureau of Corrections (DG, BUCOR; highest ranking official with the rank of "Undersecretary" equivalent to 4-Star General Officer in the military) through:
    • the Deputy Director-General for Administration, Bureau of Corrections (DDGA, BUCOR; with the rank of "Assistant Secretary" equivalent to 3-Star Lieutenant General Officer in the military)
    • the Deputy Director-General for Security and Operations (DDGSO, BUCOR; with the rank of "Assistant Secretary" equivalent to 3-Star Lieutenant General Officer in the military)
    • the Deputy Director-General for Reformation (DDGR, BUCOR; with the rank of "Assistant Secretary" equivalent to 3-Star Lieutenant General Officer in the military)

Units[edit | edit source]

The Bureau of Corrections currently have 7 operating units located nationwide:

- The New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa City

- The Correctional Institution for Women (CIW) in Mandaluyong City / and The CIW Mindanao, Panabo, Davao

- Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan

- Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm in Occidental Mindoro

- San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm in Zamboanga City

- Leyte Regional Prison in Abuyog, Leyte

- Davao Prison and Penal Farm in Panabo City, Davao Region

Officer Ranks[edit | edit source]

Officer ranks equivalent to the military


  • Undersecretary (USec.) - 4-star General (Chief of the Bureau with the position of "Director-General"; BUCOR highest ranking official)
  • Assistant Secretary (ASec.) - 3-star Lieutenant General (with the position of "Deputy Director General")
  • Corrections Chief Superintendent (CCSUPT) - 1-star Brigadier General (with the position of "Regional Superintendent" and "Director")
  • Corrections Senior Superintendent (CSSUPT) - Colonel
  • Corrections Superintendent (CSUPT) - Lieutenant Colonel (with the position of "Colony Superintendent" and "Penal Superintendent")
  • Corrections Chief Inspector (CCI) - Major (with the position of "Colony Assistant Superintendent" and "Division Chief")
  • Corrections Senior Inspector (CSI) - Captain (with the position of "Sub-Colony Supervisor" and "Office Chief")
  • Corrections Inspector (CI) - Lieutenant (with the position of "Penal Institution Supervisor")


  • Corrections Senior Officer IV (CSO4) - Master Sergeant/Command Sergeant Major
  • Corrections Senior Officer III (CSO3) - Technical Sergeant
  • Corrections Senior Officer II (CSO2) - Staff Sergeant
  • Corrections Senior Officer I (CSO1) - Sergeant
  • Corrections Officer III (CO3) - Corporal
  • Corrections Officer II (CO2) - Private First Class
  • Corrections Officer I (CO1) - Private
  • Corrections Officer (CO) - Basic Internship
  • Non-Uniformed Personnel (NUP) - Civilian Employee


  • Corrections Technical Chief Superintendent (CTCSUPT)
  • Corrections Technical Senior Superintendent (CTSSUPT)
  • Corrections Technical Superintendent (CTSUPT)
  • Corrections Technical Chief Inspector (CTCI)
  • Corrections Technical Senior Inspector (CTSI)
  • Corrections Technical Inspector (CTI)


  • Corrections Technical Senior Officer IV (CTSO4)
  • Corrections Technical Senior Officer III (CTSO3)
  • Corrections Technical Senior Officer II (CTSO2)
  • Corrections Technical Senior Officer I (CTSO1)
  • Corrections Technical Officer III (CTO3)
  • Corrections Technical Officer II (CTO2)
  • Corrections Technical Officer I (CTO1)
  • Corrections Technical Officer (CTO) - Basic Internship

History[edit | edit source]

Spanish colonial era[edit | edit source]

The Old Bilibid Prison which was located on Oroquieta Street in Manil] was established in 1847 and by a Royal Decree formally opened on April 10, 1866.  On August 21, 1870 the San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm was established in Zamboanga City for Muslim and political prisoners opposed to the rule of Spain.

American colonial era[edit | edit source]

the Iuhit penal Settlement now known as Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm was established in 1904 by the Americans in 28,072 hectares of land. The land areas expanded to 40,000 hectares in the late 1950s. and expanded again to 41,007 hectares by virtue of Executive Order No. 67 issued by Governor Newton Gilbert on October 15, 1912. The Bureau of Prisons was created under the Reorganization Act of 1905 as an agency under the Department of Commerce and Police. The Reorganization Act also re-established the San Ramon Prison in 1907 which was destroyed during the Spanish–American War in 1888. The prison was placed under the Bureau of Prisons and receive prisoners in Mindanao. The Correctional Institution for Women was founded on November 27, 1929 by virtue of Act No. 3579 as the first and only prison for women in the Philippines. Later, on January 21, 1932, the bureau opened the Davao Penal Colony in Southern Mindanao. The New Bilibid Prison was established in 1935 in Muntinlupa City due to the increased rate of prisoners.

Contemporary era[edit | edit source]

Proclamation No. 72 issued on September 26, 1954, established the Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm in Occidental Mindoro, and the Leyte Regional Prison was established on January 16, 1973, under Proclamation No. 1101.

The Administrative Code of 1987 and Proclamation No. 495, issued on November 22, 1989, changed the agency's name to the current Bureau of Corrections from Bureau of Prisons.

[edit | edit source]

The logo of the bureau represents the government agency's mandate, the rehabilitation of inmate. The logo focuses on the man in prison as the main concern of rehabilitation. It presents man behind bars, but who looks outwards with the hope of rejoining the free community. The rays of the sun and the color green are symbolic of hope. The color orange is symbolic of happiness. The bar of justice represents the justice system. (jrcp)

Capital punishment[edit | edit source]

When the Philippines had the death penalty, male inmates condemned to death were held at New Bilibid Prison and female inmates condemned to death were held at Correctional Institution for Wome. The death chamber for inmates to be electrocuted was in Building 14, within the Maximum Security Compound of New Bilibid. The Bureau of Corrections (BuCor) Museum previously served as the lethal injection chamber.

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.