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Bury Castle
Brompton Regis, Somerset, England
In Bury Wood (geograph 3333835).jpg
The site of Bury Castle (to the right of the road)
Type Hillfort and later motte and bailey castle
Coordinates Latitude:
Longitude:

Bury Castle near Brompton Regis in the English county of Somerset was an Iron Age univallate hillfort which was reused with the creation of a motte after the Norman Conquest. It has been scheduled as an ancient monument.[1]

Iron Age fortEdit

It is an oval enclosure just above the confluence of the River Haddeo and River Exe.[1] It is approximately 120 yards (110 m) long and 80 yards (73 m) wide.[2]

Medieval periodEdit

In the late 1130s, a civil war, known as the Anarchy, broke out in England between the supporters of King Stephen and the Empress Matilda. A motte and bailey castle was built on the Bury Castle side, probably by William de Say.[3] In 1198 Richard I confirmed that Brompton should be part of the inheritance of Matilda.[4]

The motte measures 23 metres (75 ft) and was placed on the southern tip of the promontory, with the bailey beyond around 60 metres (197 ft) across.[3][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Bury Castle". Historic England. https://www.historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1006170. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  2. "MSO8841 - Bury Castle, Brompton Regis". Exmoor National Park. https://www.exmoorher.co.uk/hbsmr-web/record.aspx?UID=MSO8841-Bury-Castle-Brompton-Regis&pageid=16&mid=9. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bury Castle, Brompton Regis, Gatehouse website, accessed 16 July 2011.
  4. Dunning, Robert (1995). Somerset Castles. Tiverton: Somerset Books. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-0-86183-278-1. 
  5. Creighton, O.H. (2005). "Castles and Landscapes: Power, Community and Fortification in Medieval England.". Equinox. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-904768-67-8. 

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