|Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal|
|Type||Hill Fort / Prison|
|Built by||British Empire|
|Bamboo (original), Stone|
|Height||867 metres (2,844 ft)|
|In use||Abandoned in 1951|
|Controlled by||British Raj|
Buxa Fort, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal. It is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Alipurduar, the nearest town. The Bhutan King used the fort to protect the portion of famous Silk Route connecting Tibet with India, via Bhutan. Still later during unrest in Occupation of Tibet, hundreds of refugees arrived at the place and used the then abandoned fort as refuge.is located at an altitude of 867 metres (2,844 ft) in the
The British on invitation of the Cooch King intervened and captured the fort which was formally handed over to the British on November 11, 1865 as part of Treaty of Sinchula. The British reconstructed the fort from its bamboo wood structure to stone structure. The fort was to later be used as a high security prison and detention camp in the 1930s; it was the most notorious and unreachable prison in India after the Cellular Jail in Andaman. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was said to have been imprisoned here for some time.
Tibetan refugee crisisEdit
Drepung was one of the most celebrated monasteries in Tibet, and with over 10,000 monks before the Chinese invasion. But in March 1959, Chinese troops tasked with quelling the Tibetan uprising moved aggressively against the monastery; Only a few hundred monks escaped to India. These expatriate monks, representing all the diverse Tibetan orders, first set up a monastic study center and refugee camp in Buxa Fort, on the grounds of the jungle-bound former prison camp.
In 1966, the Indian Ministry of External Affairs was alerted to the conditions of the Buxa refugee camps, and it became apparent that the Tibetan refugees would have to be relocated to a more hospitable place. Initially reluctant, a message from the Dalai Lama, urging them to think of the future and to strive for sufficiency, and the option of settling near other Tibetan refugees convinced the monks to move, and in 1971 the monks moved to their new locations at Bylakuppe and Mundgod in the state of Karnataka.
The following routers are popular among tourists and nature lovers –
- Santrabari to Buxa Fort 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
- Buxa Fort to Rovers point 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
- Santrabari to Roopang valley 14 kilometres (8.7 mi)
- Buxa Fort to Lepchakhawa 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
- Buxa Fort to Chunabhati 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
- ↑ "Buxa Fort - About". http://www.traveladda.com/east_india/west_bengal/forts_and_palaces/buxa_fort.html. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- ↑ "Appendix VII – The Treaty of Sinchula". Bhutan: a Kingdom in the Himalayas : a study of the land, its people, and their government (2 ed.). Thomson Press Publication Division. 1978. p. 243. http://books.google.com/books?id=TSRuAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
- ↑ "West Bengal Forest Development Corporation". http://s222299194.onlinehome.us/rvk/what-to-see.html. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- ↑ "Buxa Fort". http://thebongland.blogspot.com/2009/09/buxa-fort.html. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- ↑ "Buxa Refugee Camp". http://www.monkstour.info/v/vspfiles/downloadables/drephistedited.pdf. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
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