Locations of some Buzi in Tianshui and Dingxi prefectures
|Built||Qin dynasty, Dungan Revolt|
|Rammed earth, loess earth|
|In use||Qin dynasty, Song dynasty, Qing dynasty, Dungan Revolt Sino-Japanese War|
|Literal meaning||"Dwarf fort"|
Buzi are a large number of small forts in southern Gansu province, China, usually round or oval and build out of rammed earth walls. The forts are built on hilltops around nearby villages. Most forts are located in Tianshui (over 500) and Dingxi prefectures, totalling over 1400 forts. One of the densest concentration of forts is Tongwei County, which has the nickname "thousand forts county" (千堡之县). Qin'an County is home to three larger castles.
Although some of the forts date back to the Qin dynasty, they have been used as late as the Sino-Japanese war. During the Dungan Revolt, villagers sought refuge from the raiding and fighting in these forts, and new forts were even constructed with the same methods. As of now, most of the forts lie abandoned, partly due to the difficulty of reaching the hilltops. The courtyards of some forts have filled by farmhouses or Taoist temples.
The defenders inside the forts varied, with some larger forts being permanently manned by trained military, smaller ones were just refuge places for villagers from nearby.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 赵凌艺. "天水秦安三大古堡 历经沧桑后的沉默姿态（图）" (in Chinese). http://story.gscn.com.cn/system/2015/12/07/011197940.shtml.
- "《远方的家》长城内外 第107集 长城脚下 成纪故地 20160322" (in Chinese (with English subtitles)). CCTV. 22 March 2016. http://tv.cctv.com/2016/03/22/VIDE2oprFGUUcK44tKYNHfGX160322.shtml.
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