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CN-235
Casa.cn-235m-100.35-24.spanishaf.arp.jpg
A CASA CN-235M-100 of the Spanish Air Force
Role Transport aircraft
Manufacturer Airbus Military
First flight 11 November 1983
Introduction 1 March 1988
Status Active service
Primary users Spanish Air Force
Turkish Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
Republic of Korea Air Force
Irish Air Corps
Produced 1983–present[citation needed]
Number built 273[1]
Variants EADS CASA HC-144 Ocean Sentry
Developed into EADS CASA C-295

The CASA/IPTN CN-235 is a medium-range twin-engined transport plane that was jointly developed by CASA of Spain and Indonesian manufacturer IPTN, as a regional airliner and military transport. Its primary military roles include maritime patrol, surveillance, and air transport. Its largest user is Turkey which has 61 aircraft.

Design and developmentEdit

The project was a joint venture between Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) and Indonesian Aerospace (PT. Dirgantara Indonesia), formerly known as IPTN, which formed Airtech to manage the programme. The partnership applied only to the Series 10 and Series 100/110, with later versions being developed independently. Over 230 of all versions of CN-235 are in service and have accumulated more than 500,000 flight hours.

Design began in January 1980 with first flight on 11 November 1983. Spanish and Indonesian certification was on 20 June 1986; the first flight of the production aircraft was on 19 August 1986 and FAA type approval was granted on 3 December 1986. The aircraft entered service on 1 March 1988

In 1995, CASA launched development of a stretched CN-235 as the C-295. In December 2002, the Colombian Navy ordered two CN-235 for patrol and anti-drug trafficking missions.

In April 2005, Venezuela ordered two CN-235 maritime surveillance aircraft plus 10 transport planes but the operation was halted because the United States government refused to allow the transfer of what they deemed to be US technology in the avionics.[2]

In January 2006, Thailand placed an order with Indonesian Aerospace for ten aircraft, six for the Ministry of Defence and four for the Ministry of Agriculture.

In December 2007, Spain ordered two CN-235 maritime patrol aircraft for the Guardia Civil, for delivery 2008–2009.

One CN-235 MPA aircraft was delivered by Indonesian Aerospace to the Indonesian defence ministry in June 2008.

RMAF-CN295-M44-03-01

Royal Malaysian Air Force

In August 2006, three CASA CN-235-10 aircraft remained in airline service, in Africa, with Safair (two) and Tiko Air (one).[3] Asian Spirit operated a lone CN-235-220 in the Philippines, correct as of June/July 2007.

The Irish Air Corps operates two CASA aircraft for maritime patrol duty.

There are at least two CN-235s flying with the United States Air Force for an undisclosed role with the 427th Special Operations Squadron, located at the former Pope AFB, North Carolina.[4][verification needed]

In early July 2008, the Mexican Navy announced that it would purchase six CASA CN-235s from Spain.[5] In April 2010, Hervé Morin, French Minister of Defence, announced the order of eight CN-235-300s from Spain.[6]

In 2011, Indonesian Aerospace was still working on 4 CN-235-110 MPAs for South Korea Coast Guard with amount of $96 million.[7]

The Senegalese Air Force acquired two CN-235s in 2010 and August 2012 under a $13 million contract. They plan to buy two more aircraft for VIP and cargo duties. The Air Force is also interested in the maritime patrol version of the aircraft.[8]

VariantsEdit

Casa cn235 001

A CASA CN-235 of the Spanish Air Force

CN-235-10
Initial production version (15 built by each company), with GE CT7-7A engines.
CN-235-100/110
Generally as series 10, but with GE CT7-9C engines in new composites nacelles; replaced Series 10 in 1988 from 31st production aircraft. Series 100 is Spanish-built, series 110 Indonesian-built, with improved electrical, warning and environmental systems.
CN-235-200/220
Improved version. Structural reinforcements to cater for higher operating weights, aerodynamic improvements to wing leading-edges and rudder, reduced field length requirements and much-increased range with maximum payload. Series 200 is Spanish-built, Series 220 Indonesian-built.
CN-235-300
CASA Modification of 200/220 series, with the Honeywell International Corp. avionics suite. Other features include improved pressurisation and provision for optional twin-nosewheel installation.
CN-235-330 Phoenix
Modification of Series 200/220, offered by IPTN with new Honeywell avionics, ARL-2002 EW system and 16.800 kg/37.037 lb MTOW, to Royal Australian Air Force to meet Project Air 5190 tactical airlift requirement, but was forced by financial constraints to withdraw in 1998.[9]
CN-235 MPA
Maritime patrol version with 6 hardpoints to carry AM-39 Exocet-Missiles or Mk.46-Torpedos.[10]
HC-144 Ocean Sentry
United States Coast Guard designation for a planned twenty-two[11] aircraft fleet bought to replace the small HU-25 Guardian business-style jets. As of 2015, twelve [12] had been delivered.

OperatorsEdit

Military operatorsEdit

World operators of the CN-235

CN-235 world operators:

  Military operators
  Only government operators
  Former operators

Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana
Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
Flag of Chile.svg Chile
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador
Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia
Irish Air Corps CASA aircraft, Newcastle, County Down, August 2010 (01)

Irish Air Corps CASA CN-235 Maritime patrol aircraft

Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Royal Moroccan AF - CASA CN-235-100M

A RMAF's CN-235-100M

Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea
Flag of South Korea.svg Republic of Korea
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates
United States
Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen

Former Military operatorsEdit

Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Flag of Bophuthatswana.svg Bophuthatswana
Flag of Panama.svg Panama
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa

Government and paramilitary operatorsEdit

Salvamento Maritimo CASA CN-235-300 EC-KEL

A CASA CN-235-300 MPA of the Spanish Maritime Safety Agency

CN-235 Presidential Airways

Presidential Airways CN235

Flag of Oman.svg Oman
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand

Civil OperatorsEdit

Binter Mediterraneo CASA CN-235-100 EC-GEJ

Binter Mediterraneo CN-235.

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
United States
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela

Notable accidentsEdit

  • On 18 Oct 1991, Merpati Nusantara Airlines (Registration PK-MNN) CN-235-10 Flight 5601 crashed on Garut, Indonesia, killing all 31 people on board [35]
  • On 16 May 2001, a Turkish Air Force CN-235 crashed after the pilot lost control, killing all 34 people on board.
  • On 11 Feb 2013 a CN-235 crashed into a forest 45 km south of Monrovia, Liberia, 8 km to Roberts International Airport, killing 11 people amongst them Souleymane Kelefa Diallo Guinea army chief.[38]

Aircraft on DisplayEdit

Specifications (CN-235-100)Edit

EADS CASA CN-235

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94[40]

General characteristics
  • Crew: two, pilot and co-pilot
  • Capacity: 44 passengers
  • Payload: 4,000 kg (8,818 lb)
  • Length: 21.40 m (70 ft 212 in)
  • Wingspan: 25.81 m (84 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 59.10 m2 (636.1 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: NACA 653-218
  • Aspect ratio: 11.27:1
  • Empty weight: 9,800 kg (21,605 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 15,100 kg (33,289 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × General Electric CT7-9C3 turboprops, 1,305 kW (1,750 hp) (take-off) each

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 450 km/h (248 knots, 286 mph) at 4,575 m (15,000 ft)
  • Stall speed: 156 km/h (84 knots, 97 mph) (flaps down)
  • Range: 4,355 km (2,350 nmi, 2,706 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,620 m (25,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 7.8 m/s (1,780 ft/min)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Airbus Orders
  2. the U.S. ambassador to Spain, Eduardo Aguirre, said that Washington could refuse to allow U.S. technology to be transferred to Venezuela, adding that "in the long run we hope the sale won't go ahead."
  3. Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
  4. USAF Serial Number Search CN-235
  5. http://blog.elgrancapitan.org/?p=586
  6. "Francia compra a EADS ocho aviones CN-135-300 por 250 millones de euros". Libertad Digital. 2010-04-04. http://www.libertaddigital.com/nacional/francia-compra-a-eads-ocho-aviones-cn-135-300-1276389237/. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  7. "RI seeks to exchange planes with South Korea". The Jakarta Post. 2011-05-20. http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/05/20/ri-seeks-exchange-planes-with-south-korea.html-0. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  8. Senegal: MoD plans to acquire two additional CN235s, including MPA versions - Dmilt.com, 30 August 2013
  9. "Mengenang CN-235 Phoenix Project-Australia". June 12, 2013. http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2013/06/mengenang-cn-235-phoenix-project.html. 
  10. CN-235 Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft – Airforce Technology
  11. "USCG: Acquisition Programs & Projects". US Coast Guard. http://www.uscg.mil/acquisition/gallery/lrsgallery.asp. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  12. "USCG: HC-144A "Ocean Sentry" Maritime Patrol Aircraft". US Coast Guard Acquisitions Directorate. 2010-12-20. http://www.uscg.mil/acquisition/MRS/default.asp. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  13. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 46.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 47.
  15. Hoyle, Craig (6 June 2012). "Cameroon signs deal for CN235 transport". Flightglobal. http://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/cameroon-signs-deal-for-cn235-transport-372666/. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  16. Airbus Military welcomes Cameroon as new operator.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 48.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 49.
  19. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 50.
  20. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 51.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 52.
  22. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 53.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 55.
  24. "Defence Security Report". Janes.com. 2008-12-03. http://www.janes.com/news/defence/jni/jni081203_1_n.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  25. http://www.semar.gob.mx/transparencia/informes_labores/2_inf_labores.pdf
  26. Mexican Police Aviation
  27. John Pike. "Pakistan Air Force Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/pakistan/air-force-equipment.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  28. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 57.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Jackson 2003, p. 207.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 59.
  31. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 60.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 61.
  33. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 63.
  34. Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 64.
  35. ASN Aircraft accident IPTN/CASA CN-235-10 PK-MNN Garut
  36. "Aircraft accidents photos – Binter Mediterraneo – Malaga, Spain – CASA 235-200". 1001 Crash. 2001-08-29. http://www.1001crash.com/index-page-description-accident-BM_CASA235-lg-2-crash-121.html. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  37. Binter Méditerraneo Crashes at Málaga Airport
  38. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21408958
  39. http://saairforce.co.za/forum/viewtopic.php?t=4830
  40. Lambert 1993, pp. 127–128.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 182 No. 5370. 11–17 December 2012. pp. 40–64.
  • Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsden, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
  • Lambert, Mark. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94. Coulsden, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.

External linksEdit

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