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CSS General Lovell
File:New Orleans h76369k.jpg
Attack of the Union fleet, April 24, 1862; Fort Jackson at left and Fort St. Philip is shown at right
Career
Launched: 1845
Reclassified: 1862
Fate: Refitted as a ram
General characteristics
Type: Sidewheel tug
Propulsion: Steam engine, side-wheels
Career Flag of the Confederate States of America (1865).svg
Name: General Lovell
Namesake: Mansfield Lovell
Commissioned: March 1862
Fate: Abandoned by crew and burned, 24 April 1862
General characteristics
Type: Sidewheel ram
Propulsion: Steam engine, side-wheels
Complement: 40–50
Armament: 1 × 32-pounder gun
Service record
Part of: River Defense Fleet
Operations:

CSS General Lovell was a cotton-clad sidewheel ram of the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War.

Originally built in 1845 as a steam tug in Cincinnati, the ship was purchased for service in the Confederacy and refitted at New Orleans, where she was converted into a cottonclad ram with cotton bales sandwiched between double pine bulkheads to protect her boilers and machinery and iron casing over her bow.[1] She was recommissioned in March 1862, and named for Major General Mansfield Lovell, commander of the defenses of New Orleans.[2] She became part of the River Defense Fleet, under the overall command of Captain J. E. Montgomery, at New Orleans.[3]

Service historyEdit

General Lovell's conversion was completed on 22 April 1862. Under Captain B. Paris she was detached from Montgomery's main force and sent to Forts Jackson and St. Philip on the lower Mississippi to cooperate in the Confederate defense of New Orleans.[1] There, with five other vessels of Montgomery's fleet, all under Capt. J. A. Stevenson, she joined the force under Capt. J. K. Mitchell, CSN, commanding Confederate naval forces in the lower Mississippi.

On 24 April 1862 a Union fleet under Flag Officer David Farragut, USN, ran past Forts Jackson and St. Philip on its way to capture New Orleans. General Lovell was abandoned by her crew after being set on fire to keep her from falling into Union hands.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Series I Volume 18". Official records of the Union and Confederate navies in the war of the rebellion. Washington, DC: Washington Govt. Printing Office. 1904. pp. 249–252, 291. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uva.x001914384;view=1up;seq=285. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  2. Angus Konstam (20 January 2013). Mississippi River Gunboats of the American Civil War 1861–65. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-4728-0095-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=wqWdCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA42. 
  3. David J Eicher (30 March 2002). The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. Simon and Schuster. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-7432-1846-7. https://books.google.com/books?id=1p94XzYASDAC&pg=PA238. 
  4. W. Craig Gaines (2008). Encyclopedia of Civil War Shipwrecks. Louisiana State University Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-8071-3424-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=90d2LcmfpCcC&pg=PA65. 

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