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CS Faraday (1923)
Career Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom
Name: Faraday
Namesake: Michael Faraday
Operator: Atlantic Telegraph Company
Builder: Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Hebburn-on-Tyne
Launched: 16 February 1923
Fate: Sunk by aircraft, 25 March 1941
General characteristics [1]
Type: Cable layer
Tonnage: 5,533 long tons (5,622 t) gross
Length:
  • 415 ft (126 m) o/a
  • 380 ft (120 m) p/p
Beam: 48 ft 3 in (14.71 m)
Draught: 27 ft 3 in (8.31 m)
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 10,000 nmi (19,000 km)

The second CS Faraday was a cable ship built by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Hebburn-on-Tyne, in 1922–23, as a replacement for the ageing CS Faraday built in 1874.

Launched on 16 February 1923, the Faraday carried out her maiden voyage in that year with the purpose of laying cable between New York and Canso, Nova Scotia.[2] She also carried out a number of cable laying and surveying exercises both in home waters and the Pacific until 1939 when she was chartered by the Admiralty to recover German cable off Ushant with intention of refurbishing the cable and relaying it to Narvik.

This plan was cancelled after the evacuation from Narvik and the ship was then laid up until requisitioned by the Admiralty, first for training of Naval cadets but then for cable work around the African coast. (Some of the civilian crew had remained on board).

On 25 March 1941 the Faraday and four other ships set sail from Falmouth bound for Milford Haven. The ships became separated in poor visibility and about 7:45 p.m. the Faraday was attacked by a Heinkel He 111 which strafed and bombed the ship, killing eight and wounding 25 of the crew, and caused a major fire in the oil bunkers forcing the crew to abandon ship. The aircraft was itself shot down by the ship's crew.

She later ran aground off St. Anne's Head. The cable was recovered, however the wreck of the Faraday still lies in shallow waters and is a popular attraction for divers.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy – CS Faraday (2)". www.atlantic-cable.com. http://www.atlantic-cable.com/Cableships/Faraday(2)/index.htm. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 
  2. Marconi Archive, Bodleian Libraries. Oxford. MSS Marconi 3125

External linksEdit

Winchester, Clarence, ed (1937). "Shipping Wonders of the World". p. 938. http://www.shippingwondersoftheworld.com/faraday.html. 

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