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Vz 82, CZ 83
CZ 82 IMG 1785.JPG
Vz 82 Czechoslovak Military pistol in 9x18mm Makarov caliber. (note: Serial number digitally concealed)
Type Semi-automatic pistol
Place of origin  Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1983-1993 (Czechoslovakia, since 1993 Czech Republic, Slovak Republic)
Production history
Designer Augustin Nečas
Designed 1982
Variants CZ-83 (civilian version)
Weight 800 g (28 oz) empty
920 g (32 oz) loaded
Length 172 mm (6.8 in)
Barrel length 97 mm (3.8 in)
Width 36 mm (1.4 in)
Height 127 mm (5.0 in)

Cartridge 9x18mm Makarov (82 & 83), .380 ACP, .32 ACP (83 only)
Action Blowback, double action
Muzzle velocity 305 m/s (1,001 ft/s)
Effective range 50 m (55 yards)
Feed system 12-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine (data for basic military variant in 9x18mm Makarov)
Sights fixed front blade; rear drift-adjustable for windage

The Česká zbrojovka Vz. 82 is a compact semi-automatic pistol made for the Czechoslovakian military. "Vz" is an abbreviation for "vzor", which translates to "model." A civilian export version is called the CZ 83.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Manufactured by the Czechoslovak firm Česká zbrojovka the vz. 82 replaced the 7.62x25mm Tokarev vz. 52 pistol in Czechoslovak military service in 1983. It is a compact, double-action, semi-automatic pistol with a conventional blowback action. This type of action allows the barrel to remain solidly fixed to the frame, resulting in improved accuracy over pistols with pivoting barrels (like the U.S. M1911 series). The low bore axis of the vz. 82 provides for less muzzle rise and quicker follow-up shots. For added convenience, both the frame-mounted thumb safety and the magazine release are ambidextrous. The vz. 82 was the first service pistol to feature both these features. The bore is chrome plated, which gives it three advantages: longer barrel life, resistance to rust from the use of corrosive ammunition, and ease of cleaning. Another feature of this pistol is the use of polygonal rifling in the barrel bore. This replaces the traditional lands and grooves rifling design with a rounded, smooth polygonal pattern which has a more "hills and valleys" appearance.

Curio and Relic[edit | edit source]

The vz. 82 was added to the US government's "Curio and Relic" list with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (BATFE) in February 2007, after an individual wrote a letter to the ATF attaching a letter from a federal museum curator who stated that the vz. 82 had "museum interest" as a curio and relic.[1]

Caliber[edit | edit source]

The Vz. 82 was made in 9x18mm only while the CZ 83 is available in a variety of finishes and chamberings:

  • .32 ACP (aka 7.65mm Browning) - 15 round magazine capacity.
  • .380 ACP (aka 9mm Browning Short) - 12 round magazine (13 round if a 9x18mm Makarov magazine is used). The standard Vz. 82 magazine fits the CZ-83 in .380 ACP without alteration.
  • 9mm Makarov - 12 round magazine. Produced 1999 - 2001.

Users[edit | edit source]

  •  Czech Republic[2]
  •  Kazakhstan: 20 pistols CZ-83 were bought in 1998 for Ministry of Internal Affairs[3]
  •  North Korea[citation needed]
  •  Slovakia[4]

The CZ 83 stripped-down into its main assemblies.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. http://www.jmlivingston.com/CalGunsPics/CZ82.pdf
  2. http://www.army.cz/assets/files/9334/zbrane_definit.pdf
  3. Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан № 744 от 5 августа 1998 года "О разрешении Министерству внутренних дел Республики Казахстан ввоза оружия с боеприпасами и принадлежностями из Чешской Республики"
  4. Jones, Richard D.; Ness, Leland S., eds (January 27, 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010 (35th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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