Camp Delta is a permanent detainment camp at Guantanamo Bay that replaced the temporary facilities of Camp X-Ray. Its first facilities were built between 27 February and mid-April 2002 by Navy Seabees, Marine Engineers, and workers from Halliburton subsidiary Kellogg, Brown and Root. It is composed of detention camps 1 through 6, Camp Platinum, Camp Iguana, the Guantanamo psychiatric ward, Camp Echo and Camp No. The prisoners, referred to as detainees, have uncertain rights due to their location not on American soil. There are allegations of torture and abuse of prisoners.
The camps have different amenities and levels of comfort. Detainees are quartered in different parts of Camp Delta according to their level of cooperation with guards and interrogators, with the exception of newly arriving detainees who always go to maximum security in Camp 3. Thereafter, cooperative detainees are moved to Camp 2 and then Camp 1 as rewards for cooperation. When detainees cooperate and are thought to show no security risk they can be moved to the buildings of Camp 4, which have a shower and lavatory, plus four communal living rooms for 10 detainees each. In Camp 4, each detainnee has a bed and a locker. Camp 4 detainees may eat their meals together, instead of alone in their own cells as in the other camps, and Camp 4 detainees are set apart by their white jump suits, in contrast to the orange worn by detainees in other camps. In addition to these benefits, detainees are also allowed special meal supplements to their diets, along with longer shower periods and longer exercise periods.
Camp one[edit | edit source]
Camp one is one of the camps where the United States held detainees classified as "enemy combatants in extrajudicial detention". Although the camp was reported to have been closed, Human Rights Watch reported in June 2008 that it currently houses non-compliant detainees. At that time they said the camp held 25 detainees in adjacent cells.
Camp three[edit | edit source]
Although the camp was closed in 2006, Human Rights Watch reported in June 2008 that it was then used to house half a dozen non-compliant detainees who had to be housed in isolation. The detainees' cells were sufficiently isolated from one another that they couldn't see one another. Additionally, there were noise generators near each cell so they couldn't hear one another.
Camp four[edit | edit source]
Camp five[edit | edit source]
According to Commander Jeff Hayhurst, deputy commander of the Guard force, "...the camp opened in 2004, cost $17.5 million. It's modeled on a max security facility in Terre Haute, Indiana." The camp was built by Kellogg, Brown and Root. Hayhurst said that the camp was used to hold the most non-compliant detainees.
Initially the press was told the fourteen "high value detainees" transferred from CIA custody on 5 September 2006 were held in Camp five. But they were in fact held in a small, secret, ultra high security facility – Camp seven.
Camp Five Echo[edit | edit source]
Camp Five Echo is a "disciplinary block" for "non-compliant" prisoners. Lawyers claim that the cells are too small to be regarded as humane, that the toilets are inadequate, the lights are too bright and the air in the cells is foul. The cells are only half the size of the cells in Camp Five and have squat toilets in the floor instead of standard prison toilets. David Remes described Camp Five Echo in 2011 as violating the Geneva Conventions, and called it "a throwback to the bad old days at Guantánamo."
Camp six[edit | edit source]
It was constructed to have individual cells that surrounded and looked in on a communal mess area, where it was planned compliant detainees could interact for part of the day. However, while the building was still under construction, the decision was made to confine all detainees to their cells, except when they were taken to shower, taken for solitary exercise, or for official business. The communal areas were left unused. This transformed the facility to a high-security facility.
In April 2010 The Guardian published a photo essay that showed that a TV had been installed in the common areas. Detainees were shackled to the floor during their TV privileges.
Camp seven[edit | edit source]
Camp Seven, also known as Camp Platinum, is an isolated outpost, strictly off-limits from the Pentagon's media tour. A group of six mostly military lawyers representing prisoners at Camp seven concluded in February 2012 that the conditions at the camp fall short of the minimum guarantees of humane treatment under the Geneva Conventions.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Administrative Review Board
- Combatant Status Review Tribunal
- Guantanamo military commissions
- Platt Amendment – Document that Guarantees U.S. Navy use in Cuba
- Qur'an desecration controversy of 2005
References[edit | edit source]
- Paul Harris (8 May 2005). "Soldier lifts lid on Camp Delta: For the first time, an army insider blows the whistle on human rights abuses at Guantánamo". London: Observer-Guardian (U.K). http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/may/08/usa.guantanamo.
- Human Rights Watch (June 2008). "The Range of Prison Facilities at Guantanamo". Locked Up Alone: Detention Conditions and Mental Health at Guantanamo. Human Rights Watch. http://www.hrw.org/reports/2008/us0608/2.htm. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
- "Locked Up Alone: Detention Conditions and Mental Health at Guantanamo". Human Rights Watch. June 2008. http://www.hrw.org/reports/2008/us0608/index.htm. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
- [dead link]
- "Bush Offers Congress Plan on Terrorism Tribunals". National Public Radio. 6 September 2006. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5776232. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
- "Bush acknowledges existence of CIA prisons". CTV News. 7 September 2006. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/scfcn/CTVNews/20060906/gitmo_trials_060906/Health/. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- David McFadden, Danica Coto (2 June 2009). "Military: Gitmo detainee dies of apparent suicide". Archived from the original on 2 June 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fhostednews%2Fap%2Farticle%2FALeqM5hVbNZcN5Ks9DDeoPRHAwXW576ClwD98IPSG01&date=2009-06-02.
- David McFadden, Danica Coto (2 June 2009). "Military: Gitmo detainee dies of apparent suicide". Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fhostednews%2Fap%2Farticle%2FALeqM5hVbNZcN5Ks9DDeoPRHAwXW576ClwD98IR8SO0&date=2009-06-02. "'Salih was being force-fed in a restraint chair; the other six surviving inmates are being force-fed from bed,' Remes said, adding that he didn't think the Yemeni had any legal representation until two lawyers arrived in February. 'They were due to see him for the first time in a couple of weeks,' he said."
- "U.S: Gitmo detainee dies of apparent suicide". MSNBC. 2 June 2009. Archived from the original on 2 June 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.msnbc.msn.com%2Fid%2F31069767%2F&date=2009-06-02.
- "Conditions at Guantánamo Under Scrutiny". Andy Worthington. http://www.andyworthington.co.uk/2011/12/17/conditions-at-guantanamo-under-scrutiny/. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- Jonathan Pearlman (28 November 2006). "Hicks's window on the world". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/hickss-window-on-the-world/2006/11/27/1164476134575.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- Andrew Buncombe (30 July 2006). "New maximum-security jail to open at Guantanamo Bay". London: The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/new-maximumsecurity-jail-to-open-at-guantanamo-bay-409881.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- "Halliburton Gets Gitmo Contract". Fox News. 21 June 2005. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,159930,00.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- Nicki Thomas (30 May 2007). "'He is a broken young man'". Edmonton Sun. http://www.edmontonsun.com/News/Edmonton/2007/05/30/4221679.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01. [dead link]
- Ben Fox (3 February 2007). "Life Harsher in New Guantanamo Unit". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/03/AR2007020300759_pf.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- Tim Dirven/Panos Pictures (31 March 2010). "Eyewitness: Screen break at Guantánamo Bay". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/picture/2010/mar/31/guantanamo-bay-usa#. Retrieved 2010-04-05. "Guards stand inside the TV room of camp six at the US naval base in Cuba. Detainees at the maximum security facility wear shackles when they watch television."
- "'Platinum' captives held at off-limits Gitmo camp – Guantánamo Special Coverage". MiamiHerald.com. http://www.miamiherald.com/2008/02/07/930542/platinum-captives-held-at-off.html#storylink=cpy. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- Savage, Charlie (24 February 2012). "Guantánamo Conditions Have Fallen, Military Lawyers Say". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/25/us/guantanamo-conditions-have-fallen-military-lawyers-say.html?_r=1.
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