Camp Funston was a U.S. Army training camp located on Fort Riley, southwest of Manhattan, Kansas. The camp was named for Brigadier General Frederick Funston (1865–1917). Camp Funston was one of sixteen Divisional Cantonment Training Camps established at the outbreak of World War I.
History[edit | edit source]
Construction began during the summer of 1917 and eventually encompassed approximately 1,400 buildings on 2,000 acres (8.1 km2).
During World War I, nearly 50,000 recruits trained at the camp, commanded by Major General Leonard Wood. Notable units who received training at Camp Funston include the 89th Division, which was deployed to France in the spring of 1918, the 10th Division and black soldiers assigned to the 92nd Division. Among those trained at Camp Funston was Texas State Representative George Peddy, also the past student body president of the University of Texas, who managed to obtain a permit to return to Austin for the impeachment proceedings against Governor James E. Ferguson.
During World War I, Camp Funston also served as a detention camp for conscientious objectors (COs) many of which were Mennonite in faith. Since it was compulsory, Hutterites sent their young men to military camps, but they did not allow them to obey any military commands or wear a uniform. At Camp Funston, the men were beaten and tortured, dragged by their hair, and even chased by motorcycles until they dropped from exhaustion. They were hung by their feet above water so that they nearly drowned.
In March 1918, some of the first recorded American cases of what came to be the worldwide influenza epidemic, also known as "Spanish Flu", were reported at Camp Funston.
Prior to 1 October 1992, Camp Funston was the home of the United States Army Correctional Activity whose mission was to prepare prisoners for transition to civilian life as useful citizens or, in a few select cases, for return to duty. The Correctional Brigade environment was unique in that prisoner control was maintained by military discipline, instead of walls and bars for most of the typical prisoners’ stay. The Correctional Brigade doctrine was that the minimum custody/military discipline environment when coupled with correctional treatment, educational programs, military and vocational training best prepared the typical first-time prisoner for a crime-free life after prison as either a productive soldier or a useful citizen in civilian life. Moreover, this correctional system was asserted to be less expensive to establish and operate than the traditional prison.
Today, Camp Funston is the location where all military transition teams for service in Iraq and Afghanistan takes place. Previously, transition teams had been trained at several U.S. Army installations, most notably Fort Carson, Colorado; Camp Atterbury, Indiana; Fort Hood, Texas; and Camp Shelby, Mississippi. However, in early 2006, the U.S. Army decided to consolidate all training at Fort Riley, Kansas in order to standardize and improve training for that critical mission.
The first teams began training on June 1, 2006. The 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division took over command and control of the TT mission in October 2006. The brigade is responsible for the formation and training of the TT teams. This mission will shift to Fort Polk, Louisiana later in 2009.
See also[edit | edit source]
- 10th Infantry Division
- 20th Infantry Regiment (United States)
- 41st Infantry Regiment (United States)
- 69th Infantry Regiment (United States)
- 70th Infantry Regiment (United States)
References[edit | edit source]
- "George Edwin Bailey Peddy". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. http://www.lrl.state.tx.us/legeLeaders/members/memberDisplay.cfm?memberID=2776&searchparams=chamber=~city=~countyID=0~RcountyID=~district=~first=George~gender=~last=Peddy~leaderNote=~leg=~party=~roleDesc=~Committee=. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "Hutterian Brethern: World War I". http://www.hutterites.org/history/world-war-1/. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- Barry, John M. The Great Influenza. New York: Penguin Publishing Inc. 2004.
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