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Tomb of the Unknown Soldier - Tombe du Soldat inconnu

Ceremonial Guard stand watch over Canada's national memorial, The Response, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the foreground.

The history of Canada comprises hundreds of years of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, and the role of the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide. Many of these armed engagements are commemorated today with memorials across Canada and around the world. Canadian memorials commemorate the sacrifices made as early as the Seven Years' War to the modern day War on Terror. As Newfoundland was a British Dominion until joining in 1949, there are several monuments in Newfoundland and Labrador and abroad which were dedicated to Newfoundland servicemen and women.

There are currently 6,293 war memorials in Canada that are registered with the Directorate of History and Heritage, which is under the Canadian Department of National Defence.[1] There are also war memorials across the world, some of which are operated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, which are dedicated to Canada as well as the Commonwealth members. There currently are 17 in France, 6 in Belgium, 4 in the United Kingdom, 2 in Afghanistan and South Korea and 1 in Egypt, Hong Kong, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.

War memorials in CanadaEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
Calgary Soldiers' Memorial Calgary, Alberta Dedicated to Calgarian soldiers who have given their lives in war and military service overseas.map8
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Unknown Soldier Ottawa, Ontario Dedicated to all the unidentified Canadian soldiers and is part of the National War Memorial.map7
Cenotaph, Bruce Park Bruce Park Cenotaph Winnipeg, Manitoba Dedicated to the memory of those who died in the First World War, the Second World War, Korea, and to Canadian peacekeepers.map11
Cenotaph, Flesherton Cenotaph Flesherton Ontario Flesherton, Ontario Honouring the local men who enlisted for the First and Second World Wars and did not return.map12
Cenotaph, London LondonOntarioCenotaph London, Ontario Commemorates the local soldiers who died during the First, the Second and the Korean Wars.map15
Cenotaph, Regina Victoria park cenotaph Regina, Saskatchewan Honour those Regina citizens who served in the First, the Second and the Korean Wars.map13
Cenotaph, Thunder Bay Cenotaph 2006 10 01 04 Thunder Bay, Ontario Commemorates the local soldiers who died during the First, the Second and the Korean Wars.map14
Memorial Chamber Memorial Chamber Windows Ottawa, Ontario Located in the Peace Tower, it holds all seven volumes of the Books of Remembrance, recording every Canadian killed in service, from Canada's first oversea campaign, the Nile Expedition, to the present.map1
War Memorial (1926) Shaunavon, Saskatchewan Designed by Francis Henry Portnall (architect) to honour those citizens who served in the War
National Aboriginal Veterans Monument Aboriginal War Veterans monument Ottawa, Ontario Commemorates the Aboriginal peoples (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) who served with the Canadian forces during armed conflicts.map2
'The Response' - the Canadian National War Memorial War Memorial Guards Ottawa Ottawa, Ontario Commemorates the Canadian participation and its soldiers fallen in armed conflict.map3
Next of Kin Memorial Avenue MemorialAvenueSaskatoon Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Memorial for the First World War and ensuing wars.map4
Old City Hall Cenotaph Toronto Cenotaph Toronto, Ontario Dedicated to Torontonians who lost their lives during the First World War, Second World War and the Korean War.map5
Ontario Veterans Memorial Ontario Veterans Memorial Toronto, Ontario Dedicated to the Canadian military who served from the Fenian raids to the Campaign Against Terror.[2]map6
Oshawa War Memorial Oshawa, Ontario Second World War and the Korean War
Peacekeeping Monument Reconciliation- The Peacekeeping Monument, Ottawa Ottawa, Ontario Commemorates Canadian soldiers who served, or are currently serving in United Nations peacekeeping missions.map9
Per ardua ad astra Per Ardua Ad Astra University Avenue Toronto, Ontario Dedicated to Canadian airmen who fought.
Royal Canadian Navy Monument Royal Canadian Navy Monument sail Ottawa, Ontario Commemorates the men and women who have served or are serving with the Royal Canadian Navy.
Valiants Memorial Valiants memorial west Ottawa, Ontario Commemorating fourteen signal figures from the military history of the country, from French colonial rule, to the Second World War.map10
Welland-Crowland War Memorial Welland-Crowland War Memorial in Welland Ontario 2 Welland, Ontario Designed by Elizabeth Wyn Wood, commemorates not only the war dead but also those whom served at home.map16

Colonial periodEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
48th Highlanders Memorial War memorial in Queens Park Toronto, Ontario Dedicated to those who served with the Canadian forces, erected by the 48th Highlanders of Canada.
Brock's Monument Brock's Monument in 2010, Queenston, Ontario Queenston, Ontario Dedicated to Major General Isaac Brock, one of Canada's heroes of the War of 1812.map17
Canadian Volunteer Monument Canadian Volunteer Monument Toronto, Ontario Honours University of Toronto student volunteers who fell during the Battle of Ridgeway Lime Ridge, or died of wounds received in action or from disease contracted in service while defending her frontier in June 1866.map18
Central Memorial Park Central Memorial Park, Calgary - R.L. Boyle Calgary, Alberta The park has a cenotaph, a statue of a First World War soldier and a statute of R.L. Boyle, which is dedicated to all Albertans who served during the Second Boer War.[3]map19
Defence of York Monument Defence of York Monument Toronto, Ontario In memory of officers, non-commissioned officers and men who were killed or died of wounds defending York (present-day Toronto).
James Wolfe Monument Wolfe memorial Quebec City, Quebec Dedicated to General James Wolfe, remembered chiefly for his victory over the French, and establishing British rule in Canada.map20
Monument to the War of 1812 Couplandart Toronto, Ontario Monument to the Canadian participation in the War of 1812[4]
North-West Rebellion Monument Toronto, Ontario Dedicated to those who served with the Canadian army during the North-West Rebellion.map21
South African War Memorial South African War Memorial Toronto Nov 08 Toronto, Ontario Commemorates the Canadian participation in the Boer War.map22
South African War Memorial at Confederation Park Statue to South African War Ottawa, Ontario Commemorates the Canadian participation in the Boer War.map61
Stoney Creek Battlefield Memorial Stoney Creek Battlefield Monument Hamilton, Ontario Commemorates the victory at the Battle of Stoney Creek
Welsford-Parker Monument Welsford-Parker Monument at the entrance to the Old Burying Ground in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Halifax, Nova Scotia Dedicated to Major Augustus F. Welsford and Captain William B.C.A. Parker, who died during the Crimean War

First World War and Second World WarEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
Camp X Memorial CampX Whitby Ontario Honours the men and women of Camp X who served during the Second World War.map23
Halifax Memorial Halifax memorial Halifax, Nova Scotia Dedicated to the Canadian servicemen and women who died at sea during both World Wars and includes the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Merchant Navy and the Canadian Army.map24
Memorial Gates UofSMemorialGates Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Military memorial which is a part of the University of Saskatchewan.map25
War Memorial Cenotaph (1928), Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Designed by Francis Henry Portnall (architect), this tall granite plinth incorporating a public clock face is a part of the City Hall Square
Vimy Memorial Bandshell (1937) VimyMemorialBandstand Saskatoon, Saskatchewan The Vimy Memorial Bandshell in Kiwanis Park was built in 1937 to honour the men and women that served in the First World War at the Battle of Vimy Ridge.[5]
Memorial Clock Tower Wainwright, Alberta Dedicated to the local men who fought and died in both World Wars.map26
War Memorial of Montreal West Montreal West - War Memorial Montreal, Quebec Honours those from the town of Montreal West who died in the First World War[6]map27
Montreal Clock Tower Montreal Clock Tower portrait Montreal, Quebec Dedicated to Canadian naval sailors who died during the First World War.map28
Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial MackenziePapineau monument 1 Victoria, British Columbia Dedicated to Canadian volunteers of the Mackenzie–Papineau Battalion during the Spanish Civil War.map29
Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial Mac-pap monument ottawa Ottawa, Ontario Dedicated to Canadian volunteers of the Mackenzie–Papineau Battalion during the Spanish Civil War.map30
National War Memorial Newfoundland National War Memorial St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador Memorial for soldiers who served with the Dominion of Newfoundland during the First World War.map31
Ottawa Memorial Ottawa Memorial Cropped Ottawa, Ontario Dedicated to missing airmen of the Second World War. Sometimes known as the Commonwealth Air Force Monument.map32
Soldiers' Tower InsideSoldiersTower Toronto, Ontario Commemorates members of the University of Toronto who served in the World Wars.map33
Victory Square War Memorial Victory Square Vancouver Vancouver, British Columbia Dedicated to Vancouverites who served in the First World War.map34
Cenotaph, Montreal Path to Place du Canada Montreal, Quebec Dedicated to Montrealers who died in the First World War.map35
Sherbrooke War Memorial Le cénotaphe de Sherbrooke à contrejour (1) Sherbrooke, Quebec Dedicated to citizens of Sherbrooke who fought in the First World Warmap36
Ashburnham Memorial Park Ashburnham Memorial Park Peterborough, Ontario Memorial to the men of Peterborough who died in the First World War.map37
Great War Memorial Great War Memorial Niagara Falls Canada Niagara Falls, Ontario Memorial to those who died in the First and Second World Wars.map38
Bronze Angel Bronze Angel - Vancouver - Coeur Lyon MacCarthy Montreal, Quebec;
Vancouver, British Columbia (Pictured);
Winnipeg, Manitoba
"Bronze Angel", by sculptor, Coeur Lion MacCarthy, war memorial depicts the angel of victory raising up a young soldier to heaven at the moment of his death, 1921 commemorates 1,115 Canadian Pacific Railway employees killed during the First World War erected at the Canadian Pacific Railway stations.[7]
Cremation Memorial Beechwood Cemetery War Memorial Ottawa, Ontario A sheltered space in the National Cemetery of Canada that honours the memory of Canadian servicemen who died in Canada and the United States and who were cremated.[7]map39
Animals At War Memorial / Les animaux en temps de guerre Confederation Park, Ottawa, Ontario A memorial by David Clendining to animals (mainly mules, horse, dogs, pigeons) that have served for Canada in military conflicts since World War Imap61
Scarborough War Memorial Toronto, Ontario Commemorating the soldiers from Scarborough whom died in World War I, World War II and Korean War.

1945 - presentEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
Korean War Memorial Wall Korean War Memorial Wall black & white Brampton, Ontario Commemorates those Canadians who served in the Korean War.map40
The North Wall The Fourth Wall Windsor, Ontario Dedicated to Canadians who volunteered with the United States Armed Forces during the Vietnam War.map41

War memorials overseasEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
Canada Memorial Canadian War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1176582 Green Park, London, England Pays tribute to the nearly one million Canadian men and women who served in the United Kingdom during the First and Second World Wars.map42

First World WarEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial 100px Beaumont-Hamel, Somme, France Commemorating the Royal Newfoundland Regiment's participation in the Battle of the Somme.map44
Bourlon Wood Memorial Burlon3 Bourlon, France Commemorates the participation of Canadian soldiers and memorial for Canadian soldiers who died during the First World War.map45
Canadian National Vimy Memorial 100px Givenchy-en-Gohelle, France Commemorating the Battle of Vimy Ridge.map46
Courcelette Memorial Monument courcelette Courcelette, France Commemorating the Canadian participation in the Battle of the Somme.map47
Dury Memorial Dury1 Dury, France Commemorating the breaking of the Drocourt-Quéant Line.map48
Gueudecourt Memorial Gueudecourt (Newfoundland) Memorial Gueudecourt, France Dedicated to the Newfoundlanders who fought during the Battle of Le Transloy.map49
Hill 62 (Sanctuary Wood) Memorial Hill 62 Memorial Zonnebeke, Belgium Commemorating the defence of the Ypres Salient.map50
Le Quesnel Memorial Le quesnel canadian memorial Le Quesnel, France Commemorating the Canadian participation in the Battle of Amiens.map51
Masnières Newfoundland Memorial The Newfoundland Masnieres Memorial Masnières, France Commemorates the actions of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment during the First Battle of Cambrai, of World War I.map52
Menin Gate Menin Gate Ypres, Belgium Commemorating the defenders that died in the Ypres Salient and whose graves are unknown.map52
Monchy-le-Preux Memorial Monchy02 Monchy-le-Preux, France Commemorates the Royal Newfoundland's participation during the Battle of Arras.map53
Passchendaele Memorial Passendale - Crest Farm 4 Passendale, Belgium Commemorating the Battle of Passchendaele.map54
Saint Julien Memorial Saint Julien Memorial 2007 Ypres, Belgium Commemorating the Canadian participation in the Second Battle of Ypres.map55

Second World War – presentEdit

Memorial name Image Location Notes
The Brookwood Memorial Brookwood cemetery 9 Brookwood, Surrey, England The memorial stands at the southern end of the Canadian section of the cemetery and commemorates 3,500 Commonwealth men and women who died during the Second World War and have no known grave.map56
Camp Mirage Memorial Al Minhad Air Base,[8] Dubai, United Arab Emirates Commemorates all the Canadian dead in Afghanistan.map57
Gapyeong Canada Monument Gapyeong Canada Monument Gapyeong, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea Dedicated to the sacrifices made by the Canadian forces during the Korean war, especially at the Battle of Kapyong.map58
Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery Memorial Groesbeek, Netherlands Cemetery for the dead from the Second World War.map43
Kandahar Airfield Memorial and Memorial Inuksuk Kandahar, Afghanistan The Airfield Memorial is dedicated to Canadians who have fallen in the War in Afghanistan and the Inuksuk to those Canadians, as well as other coalition members who were killed in fighting in Afghanistan.map59
Malta Memorial Floriana War Memorial Triton Fountain, Valletta, Malta Dedicated to Commonwealth aircrew (including Canadians) who fought, and lost their lives, in the Mediterranean during the Second World War.map60

LegacyEdit

The 31 paintings of Canadian War Memorials by F.A. (Tex) Dawson were unveiled just outside Currie Hall in the Mackenzie Building at Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario on Wednesday 7 April 2010. Jack Pike, the chairman of the Royal Military College of Canada Museum's board of directors, said they had found a permanent and appropriate home. "We are delighted to have these paintings," he said in front of the assemblage of paintings, each representing a different memorial in a different setting and different seasons. "These are symbolic of sacrifice and remembrance and they do the whole thing so well."[9]

See alsoEdit

MappingEdit

:1.^ Memorial Chamber, 45°25′29.64″N 075°41′59.64″W / 45.4249°N 75.6999°W / 45.4249; -75.6999 (Memorial Chamber)
:2.^ National Aboriginal Veterans Monument, 45°25′18.04″N 075°41′34.66″W / 45.4216778°N 75.6929611°W / 45.4216778; -75.6929611 (National Aboriginal Veterans Monument)
:3.^ 'The Response' - the Canadian National War Memorial, 45°25′26.53″N 075°41′43.79″W / 45.4240361°N 75.6954972°W / 45.4240361; -75.6954972 ('The Response' - the Canadian National War Memorial)
:4.^ Next of Kin Memorial Avenue, 52°08′49.36″N 106°39′29.27″W / 52.1470444°N 106.6581306°W / 52.1470444; -106.6581306 (Next of Kin Memorial Avenue)
:5.^ Old City Hall Cenotaph, 43°39′07.70″N 079°22′54.21″W / 43.652139°N 79.381725°W / 43.652139; -79.381725 (Old City Hall Cenotaph)
:6.^ Ontario Veterans Memorial, 43°39′40.63″N 079°23′28.04″W / 43.6612861°N 79.3911222°W / 43.6612861; -79.3911222 (Ontario Veterans Memorial)
:7.^ Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, 45°25′26.53″N 075°41′43.79″W / 45.4240361°N 75.6954972°W / 45.4240361; -75.6954972 (Tomb of the Unknown Soldier)
:8.^ Calgary Soldiers' Memorial, 51°03′03″N 114°05′20″W / 51.05083°N 114.08889°W / 51.05083; -114.08889 (Calgary Soldiers' Memorial)
:9.^ Peacekeeping Monument, 45°25′43.58″N 075°41′47.49″W / 45.4287722°N 75.696525°W / 45.4287722; -75.696525 (Peacekeeping Monument)
:10.^ Valiants Memorial, 45°25′27.92″N 075°41′42.67″W / 45.4244222°N 75.6951861°W / 45.4244222; -75.6951861 (Valiants Memorial)
:11.^ Bruce Park Cenotaph, 49°52′38.77″N 097°13′34.10″W / 49.8774361°N 97.226139°W / 49.8774361; -97.226139 (Bruce Park Cenotaph)
:12.^ Cenotaph, Flesherton, Ontario, 44°15′46.7″N 080°33′05.5″W / 44.262972°N 80.551528°W / 44.262972; -80.551528 (Cenotaph, Flesherton, Ontario)
:13.^ Cenotaph, Regina, 50°26′52.88″N 104°36′44.18″W / 50.4480222°N 104.6122722°W / 50.4480222; -104.6122722 (Cenotaph, Regina)
:14.^ Port Arthur Cenotaph, 48°26′15.9″N 089°13′34.88″W / 48.43775°N 89.2263556°W / 48.43775; -89.2263556 (Port Arthur Cenotaph)
:15.^ London Cenotaph, 42°59′15.66″N 081°14′48.54″W / 42.9876833°N 81.2468167°W / 42.9876833; -81.2468167 (London Cenotaph)
:16.^ Welland-Crowland War Memorial, 42°59′51″N 079°15′31″W / 42.9975°N 79.25861°W / 42.9975; -79.25861 (Welland-Crowland War Memorial)
:17.^ Brock's Monument, 43°09′36.37″N 079°03′10.99″W / 43.1601028°N 79.0530528°W / 43.1601028; -79.0530528 (Brock's Monument)
:18.^ Canadian Volunteer Monument, 43°39′45.55″N 079°23′36.01″W / 43.6626528°N 79.3933361°W / 43.6626528; -79.3933361 (Canadian Volunteer Monument)
:19.^ Central Memorial Park, 51°02′28.48″N 114°04′16.00″W / 51.0412444°N 114.07111°W / 51.0412444; -114.07111 (Central Memorial Park)
:20.^ James Wolfe Monument, 46°47′59.81″N 071°13′29.79″W / 46.7999472°N 71.2249417°W / 46.7999472; -71.2249417 (James Wolfe Monument)
:21.^ North-West Rebellion Monument, 43°39′42.10″N 079°23′24.23″W / 43.661694°N 79.3900639°W / 43.661694; -79.3900639 (North-West Rebellion Monument)
:22.^ South African War Memorial, 43°39′04.72″N 079°23′12.49″W / 43.6513111°N 79.3868028°W / 43.6513111; -79.3868028 (South African War Memorial)
:23.^ Camp X Memorial, 43°51′20.28″N 078°53′00.06″W / 43.8556333°N 78.88335°W / 43.8556333; -78.88335 (Camp X Memorial)
:24.^ Halifax Memorial, 44°37′08.76″N 063°33′55.93″W / 44.6191°N 63.5655361°W / 44.6191; -63.5655361 (Halifax Memorial)
:25.^ Memorial Gates, 52°07′45.43″N 106°38′34.05″W / 52.1292861°N 106.6427917°W / 52.1292861; -106.6427917 (Memorial Gates)
:26.^ Memorial Clock Tower, 52°50′00.66″N 110°51′39.76″W / 52.8335167°N 110.8610444°W / 52.8335167; -110.8610444 (Memorial Clock Tower)
:27.^ War Memorial of Montreal West, 45°28′21.00″N 073°36′49.32″W / 45.4725°N 73.6137°W / 45.4725; -73.6137 (War Memorial of Montreal West)
:28.^ Montreal Clock Tower, 45°30′44.44″N 073°32′44.84″W / 45.5123444°N 73.5457889°W / 45.5123444; -73.5457889 (Montreal Clock Tower)
:29.^ Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial, Victoria, 48°25′14.20″N 123°22′16.66″W / 48.420611°N 123.3712944°W / 48.420611; -123.3712944 (Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial, Victoria)
:30.^ Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial, Ottawa, 45°26′24.61″N 075°41′47.05″W / 45.4401694°N 75.6964028°W / 45.4401694; -75.6964028 (Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial)

:31.^ National War Memorial, 47°34′03.28″N 052°42′13.67″W / 47.5675778°N 52.7037972°W / 47.5675778; -52.7037972 (National War Memorial)
:32.^ Ottawa Memorial, 45°26′27.08″N 075°41′45.90″W / 45.4408556°N 75.696083°W / 45.4408556; -75.696083 (Ottawa Memorial)
:33.^ Soldiers' Tower, 43°39′48.78″N 079°23′42.52″W / 43.66355°N 79.3951444°W / 43.66355; -79.3951444 (Soldiers' Tower)
:34.^ Victory Square, 49°16′55.56″N 123°06′36.72″W / 49.2821°N 123.1102°W / 49.2821; -123.1102 (Victory Square)
:35.^ Cenotaph, Montreal, 45°29′55.03″N 073°34′07.75″W / 45.4986194°N 73.5688194°W / 45.4986194; -73.5688194 (Cenotaph, Montreal)
:36.^ Sherbrooke War Memorial, 45°24′02″N 071°53′29″W / 45.40056°N 71.89139°W / 45.40056; -71.89139 (Sherbrooke War Memorial)
:37.^ Ashburnham Memorial Park, 44°18′36″N 078°18′10″W / 44.31°N 78.30278°W / 44.31; -78.30278 (Ashburnham Memorial Park)
:38.^ Great War Memorial, 43°05′23.81″N 079°04′22.57″W / 43.0899472°N 79.0729361°W / 43.0899472; -79.0729361 (Great War Memorial)
:39.^ Cremation Memorial, 45°26′42″N 075°39′57″W / 45.445°N 75.66583°W / 45.445; -75.66583 (Cremation Memorial)
:40.^ Korean War Memorial Wall, 43°38′30.58″N 079°44′57.01″W / 43.6418278°N 79.7491694°W / 43.6418278; -79.7491694 (Korean War Memorial Wall)
:41.^ The North Wall, 42°18′37.36″N 083°04′11.06″W / 42.3103778°N 83.0697389°W / 42.3103778; -83.0697389 (The North Wall)
:42.^ Canada Gate and Canada Memorial, 51°30′10.36″N 000°08′33.48″W / 51.5028778°N 0.1426333°W / 51.5028778; -0.1426333 (Canada Memorial)
:43.^ Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery, 51°47′53.92″N 5°55′54.76″E / 51.7983111°N 5.9318778°E / 51.7983111; 5.9318778 (Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery)
:44.^ Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial, 50°04′24.80″N 002°38′53.09″E / 50.073556°N 2.6480806°E / 50.073556; 2.6480806 (Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial)
:45.^ Bourlon Wood Memorial, 50°10′24.51″N 003°07′09.14″E / 50.173475°N 3.1192056°E / 50.173475; 3.1192056 (Bourlon Wood Memorial)
:46.^ Canadian National Vimy Memorial, 50°22′46.55″N 002°46′26.36″E / 50.3795972°N 2.7739889°E / 50.3795972; 2.7739889 (Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
:47.^ Courcelette Memorial, 50°03′15.12″N 002°45′05.19″E / 50.0542°N 2.7514417°E / 50.0542; 2.7514417 (Courcelette Memorial)
:48.^ Dury Memorial, 50°14′02.90″N 002°59′50.12″E / 50.234139°N 2.9972556°E / 50.234139; 2.9972556 (Dury Memorial)
:49.^ Gueudecourt Memorial, 50°03′54.31″N 002°51′13.24″E / 50.0650861°N 2.8536778°E / 50.0650861; 2.8536778 (Gueudecourt Memorial)
:50.^ Hill 62 Memorial, 50°50′03.79″N 002°56′50.08″E / 50.8343861°N 2.9472444°E / 50.8343861; 2.9472444 (Hill 62 Memorial)
:51.^ Le Quesnel Memorial, 49°46′29.96″N 002°36′33.85″E / 49.7749889°N 2.6094028°E / 49.7749889; 2.6094028 (Le Quesnel Memorial)
:52.^ Menin Gate, 50°51′07.41″N 002°53′28.55″E / 50.8520583°N 2.8912639°E / 50.8520583; 2.8912639 (Menin Gate)
:53.^ Monchy-le-Preux Memorial, 50°16′14.17″N 002°53′35.95″E / 50.2706028°N 2.8933194°E / 50.2706028; 2.8933194 (Monchy-le-Preux Memorial)
:54.^ Passchendaele Memorial, 50°53′51.89″N 003°00′47.63″E / 50.8977472°N 3.0132306°E / 50.8977472; 3.0132306 (Passchendaele Memorial)
:55.^ Saint Julien Memorial, 50°53′58.65″N 002°56′26.41″E / 50.899625°N 2.9406694°E / 50.899625; 2.9406694 (Saint Julien Memorial)
:56.^ The Brookwood Memorial, 51°18′01″N 000°38′27.39″W / 51.30028°N 0.6409417°W / 51.30028; -0.6409417 (The Brookwood Memorial)
:57.^ Camp Mirage Memorial, 25°01′37″N 055°22′15″E / 25.02694°N 55.37083°E / 25.02694; 55.37083 (Camp Mirage Memorial)
:58.^ Gapyeong Canada Monument, 37°52′36.71″N 127°31′48.79″E / 37.8768639°N 127.5302194°E / 37.8768639; 127.5302194 (Gapyeong Canada Monument)
:59.^ Kandahar Airfield & Inuksuk Memorial, 31°30′21″N 065°50′52″E / 31.50583°N 65.84778°E / 31.50583; 65.84778 (Kandahar Airfield & Inuksuk Memorial)
:60.^ Malta Memorial, 35°53′40.57″N 014°30′28.27″E / 35.8946028°N 14.5078528°E / 35.8946028; 14.5078528 (Malta Memorial)
:61.^ South African War Memorial and Animals at War, 45°25′21.84″N 075°41′31.68″W / 45.4227333°N 75.6921333°W / 45.4227333; -75.6921333 (South African War Memorial and Animals at War)

ReferencesEdit

  • Philip Longworth, The Unending Vigil: A History of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, 1917-1967 (1967);
  • Robert Shipley, To Mark Our Place (1987);
  • Herbert Fairlie Wood and John Swettenham, Silent Witnesses (1974).

External linksEdit

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