|Conquest of Damascus (1920)|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Henri Gouraud||King Faisal|
|Casualties and losses|
The 1920 conquest of Damascus was the final stage of the Franco-Syrian War, when French forces captured Damascus without any Arab resistance. The Kingdom of Syria brought to an end and the French mandate of Syria was put into effect.
History[edit | edit source]
The war of the Hashemites against the French, which erupted in January 1920, shortly became a devastating campaign for the new proclaimed Arab Kingdom of Syria. Worried about the results of a long bloody fight with the French, King Faisal himself surrendered on 14 July 1920, but his message would not reach the general and King Faisal's defense minister, who ignoring the King, led an army to Maysalun to defend Syria from French advance. The Battle of Maysalun resulted in a crushing Syrian defeat. The French troops later marched on Damascus and captured it on July 24, 1920. Pro-French government under the leadership of 'Ala al-Din al-Tarubi was installed one day later.
See also[edit | edit source]
- French expedition in Syria
- Syrian Revolution
- Sultan al-Atrash
- List of modern conflicts in the Middle East
References[edit | edit source]
- Eliezer Tauber. The Formation of Modern Syria and Iraq. Frank Cass and Co. Ltd. Portland, Oregon. 1995.
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