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Casimiro Alegre
Alcalde de la Hermandad of
La Matanza
San Vicente
Magdalena

In office
1780–1796
Monarch Charles III
Charles IV
Personal details
Born Casimiro Alegre Sosa
1741
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died 1825 (aged 83–84)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Resting place Cementerio del norte
Nationality Argentine
Spouse(s) Anastacia Espinosa Ramírez
Occupation Politician
landowner
explorer
Profession Military man
Religion Catholicism
Military service
Allegiance Spain Spain — until 1810
Argentina United Provinces of the River Plate
Service/branch Milicias Españolas de Buenos Aires
Argentine Army
Years of service 1755–1817
Rank Sergeant major
Unit Guardia of Juncal (1771–77)
Commands 1° Compañía Milicias Urbanas of San Vicente
Battles/wars First Cevallos expedition
Campaign of the Desert
British invasions of the River Plate

Casimiro Alegre (1741–1825) was an Argentine militia officer and politician. He had an outstanding political and military participation during the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, serving as alcalde of campaign in the Province of Buenos Aires.[1] And as Commandant in the Regiment of Blandengues of the Frontier of Buenos Aires.[2]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Landowner of Buenos Aires (1840)

Casimiro Alegre was baptized on April 19, 1741 in the Parish San Nicolás de Bari, being his godparents Ramón López de Osornio and Margarita Sosa.[3] His parents were Matias Alegre and Francisca Sosa, belonging to a Creole family of Asunción.[4] His father, Matias, was devoted to livestock, owned a ranch in Zárate northeast of the province of Buenos Aires.[5]

Casimiro Alegre was married to Anastacia Espinosa,[6] daughter of Francisco Antonio Espinosa and Francisca Ramírez, belonging to a family descendants of the first settlers of Buenos Aires. The marriage ceremony was held in the Chapel of Morón by the priest Juan Antonio Merlo.[7]

His wife was a direct descendant of a Spanish conquistador originally from Burgos Mountains. Among his illustrious ancestors were prominent Río de la Plata officials, including Antón Higueras de Santana, Toribio de Peñalva and Juan de Garay y Becerra).[8] Casimiro Alegre was a descendant of Esteban Alegre, a Criollo who had attended the foundation of Buenos Aires by Juan de Garay.[9] The founder of the Alegre family in the Río de la Plata had been Luis Alegre, a conqueror and expeditionary of Flemish origin, who arrived in the expedition of Pedro de Mendoza.[10] Casimiro Alegre and Anastacia Espinosa had nine sons Agustina, Juana Ventura, Juan Napomuceno, Ramón Florencio, Cipriano (born in St Cyprian's day of 1788),[11] Francisco Javier (military), Cornelio, Mariano and Saturnino Alegre, who were powerful landowners of the centre-east of Buenos Aires.[12] A great-granddaughter of Casimiro Alegre, Angélica Fortunata Andrade, daughter of Juan Manuel de Andrade and Domitila Alegre, was married in the parish of Balvanera to Sinforoso Canaveri, notary mayor of the Government of the province of Buenos Aires, between 1903 and 1929.[13] Other families linked to the Alegre family were the Cook,[14] Gilardoni Thompson, Keller, López Osornio, Miller, Sosa, de la Rosa, Rivas, Roberto and Sorayre. They had large land possessions in the towns of San Vicente and Cañuelas. In 1837, Saturnino Alegre Espinosa, sold a plot of 225 hectares to its neighbor Hannah Brocksopp, a female landowner of English origin.[15]

Casimiro was grandfather of Victoriano Alegre owner of a warehouse located in the neighborhood of Monserrat for the year 1870.[16] He also was the ancestor of Tomás Alegre Manzanares, an officer who served in the Argentine Navy (deceased in 1911).[17]

Militia career[edit | edit source]

donations of horses, published by Gazeta de Buenos Ayres on September 6, 1810

Casimiro Alegre had chosen a militia career under the influence of his grandfather the Sergeant major, Bernabé Alegre husband of Potenciana Paredes, a Creole woman, descendant of Francisco de Paredes.[18] He began his military career at the age of nineteen or twenty, serving in the Guardia del Juncal, a fortress built in the town of Cañuelas to prevent the advance of the Indians.[19]

In 1777, Casimiro Alegre led a caravan of fifteen carts, which were to transport three hundred wooden posts for the repair the Fort of Monte, being also the responsible for the construction of the barracks on the shores of Laguna of Monte, an area populated by rebellious Indians.[20] In 1779, he was promoted to Lieutenant of militia and appointed Captain in 1780. That same year he was appointed alcalde of the campaign in the town of Magdalena. He lent his oath on February 12, 1780 before the dean councilor of the Cabildo de Buenos Aires Don Gregorio Ramos Mexía.[21]

Casimiro Alegre served in the expeditions against the Portuguese in the Banda Orienta del Uruguay, having an active participation during the Spanish–Portuguese War.[22]

The night of August 27, 1780, in Luján there had been an Indians attack composed of thousands of pampas warriors. The Consejo de guerra of Buenos Aires had appointed to Captain Casimiro Alegre, to lead the punitive expeditions against raids. These military expeditions were properly equipped with flintlocks, carbines, pistols, lances and sabers.[23]

In the decades of 1780 and 1790 Casimiro Alegre served as alcalde de la hermandad in the towns of Almirante Brown (current territory), San Vicente, Magdalena and La Matanza (three times-1790, 1795, 1796).[24] The alcaldes had to fulfill both administrative, judicial and also policial functions, dedicating themselves to the persecution of bandits in the rural areas of the province.[25]

On September 16, 1795 Alegre was commissioned by the Viceroy, Pedro Melo de Portugal to make the appraisal of a land located in the current territory of Marcos Paz.[26]

During the British invasion, the Capt. Casimiro Alegre served in the Regimiento Voluntarios de Caballería de la Frontera, formed with volunteers of Buenos Aires province,[27] including militias of Magdalena, Quilmes, Ranchos and Chascomús. His son Francisco Javier Alegre, served as Alférez in the 1° Regimiento de Caballería de la Frontera (1st Cavalry Regiment).[28]

Casimiro Alegre supported the May Revolution of 1810. He and his son Francisco had collaborated to buy horses, for the First Upper Peru campaign. And made available to the authorities of Buenos Aires, his whole regiment of militias, including all personal staff of his ranch of San Vicente.[29]

In the year of 1814, Captain Casimiro Alegre continued to serve in the militias of the city of San Vicente. He was retired from the Argentine Army as Sergeant major, Commandant in the 1st Company of urban militias of San Vicente, province of Buenos Aires in 1817.[30] The provincial militias were conformed with landowners, officers and soldiers of militias and gauchos. And were initially dedicated to the control of the indigenous attacks in the province of Buenos Aires. Years later these militias participated in the Argentine Civil Wars.[31]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Acuerdos del extinguido Cabildo de Buenos Aires". José Juan Biedma. 1930. https://books.google.com/?id=wVILAAAAIAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre+buenos+aires&dq=casimiro+alegre+buenos+aires. 
  2. "Historia de Chascomús - Volumen1". Francisco L. Romay. 1967. https://books.google.com/?id=zLNoAAAAMAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre+frontera++buenos+aires&dq=casimiro+alegre+frontera++buenos+aires. 
  3. "Bautismos de San Nicolas de Bari 1737-1769". Fuentes Historicas y Genealogicas Argentinas. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=PNFaAAAAMAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre+ramon+lopez+margarita+sosa&dq=casimiro+alegre+ramon+lopez+margarita+sosa&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyuvLQoYHaAhWCF5AKHeWXDSEQ6AEIJjAA. 
  4. Documentos para la historia Argentina. Compañía Sud-Americana de Billetes de Banco. 1955. https://books.google.com/books?id=HSo9AQAAIAAJ. 
  5. "Padrones de la ciudad y campaña de Buenos Aires: (1726-1810)". Peuser, 1955. 1955. https://books.google.com/?id=RZxoAAAAMAAJ&q=matias+alegre+buenos+aires&dq=matias+alegre+buenos+aires. 
  6. "Trabajos y comunicaciones, Volumes 11-12". Universidad Nacional de la Plata. https://books.google.com/?id=1zoRAAAAIAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre+anastacia+espinosa&dq=casimiro+alegre+anastacia+espinosa. 
  7. "Matrimonios 1780-1823". Parroquia San Vicente. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9Q97-YSRC-K76?i=6&wc=9K9W-DP8%3A1019391001%2C1019391002%2C1019433601&cc=1972912. 
  8. "Territorio y población - Volumen10". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas. 1955. https://books.google.com/?id=NxkXAQAAMAAJ&q=pe%C3%B1alba+fran.c%C2%B0+Ramirez+de+dies+y+ocho+a%C3%B1os&dq=pe%C3%B1alba+fran.c%C2%B0+Ramirez+de+dies+y+ocho+a%C3%B1os. 
  9. Jaime López Fermoselle (1988). Juan de Garay, Fundador de Poblaciones: Novela Histórica. Torres Agüero Editor. ISBN 978-950-549-158-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=VXwdAQAAIAAJ. 
  10. Bart de Groof (1998). En los deltas de la memoria: Bélgica y Argentina en los siglos XIX y XX. ISBN 9789061868606. https://books.google.com/?id=aGEmfso97z4C&pg=PA37&dq=luis+alegre+buenos+aires#v=onepage&q=luis%20alegre%20buenos%20aires&f=false. 
  11. "Bautismos 1770-1794". Parroquia Inmaculada Concepción. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-R69W-PL?mode=g&i=451&cc=1974184. 
  12. Estancias y estancieros de barracas hasta el salado: la epopeya de los pioneros Británicos en el Campo Argentino, Volume 1. Emilio Manuel Fernández-Gómez. 2004. ISBN 9789509725690. https://books.google.com/?id=QwntAAAAMAAJ&q=saturnino+alegre+buenos+aires&dq=saturnino+alegre+buenos+aires. 
  13. "Datos de actuación". Colegio de Escribanos Provincia de Buenos Aires. http://www.colescba.org.ar/www/pages/protocolos/indexConsultaActuaciones.jsf. 
  14. "Bautismos 1872". Nuestra Señora de Montserrat. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-R64P-8?mode=g&i=95&cc=1974184. 
  15. "Estancias y estancieros de barracas hasta el salado:". Emilio Manuel Fernández-Gómez. 2004. ISBN 9789509725690. https://books.google.com/?id=QwntAAAAMAAJ&q=Hannah+Brocksopp+saturnino+alegre&dq=Hannah+Brocksopp+saturnino+alegre. 
  16. "Impuesto de patentes: Rejistro de los contribuyentes de la ciudad de Buenos Aires". Buenos Aires. 1870. https://books.google.com/?id=WrdRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA113&dq=victoriano+alegre+almacen+buenos+aires#v=onepage&q=victoriano%20alegre%20almacen%20buenos%20aires&f=false. 
  17. "Registro nacional de la República Argentina". Argentina. 1911. https://books.google.com/?id=pQ4hAQAAIAAJ&q=tomas+alegre+buenos+aires&dq=tomas+alegre+buenos+aires. 
  18. "Boletín del Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealógicas, Número 174". Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealógicas, 1992. https://books.google.com/?id=Zh4rAQAAIAAJ&dq=Bolet%C3%ADn+del+Instituto+Argentino+de+Ciencias+Geneal%C3%B3gicas%2C+Issue+174&q=alegre. 
  19. "Politica seguida con el aborigen: (1750-1819)". Argentina. Ejército. Dirección de Estudios Históricos. https://books.google.com/?id=3gAKAQAAIAAJ&q=guardia+del+juncal+malones&dq=guardia+del+juncal+malones. 
  20. La guardia de San Miguel del Monte (1580-1830). Eduardo F. Sánchez Zinny. https://books.google.com/?id=LFTjAAAAMAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre+San+Miguel+del+Monte&dq=casimiro+alegre+San+Miguel+del+Monte. 
  21. "Acuerdos del extinguido Cabildo de Buenos Aires (1777-1781)". Archivo General de la Nación Argentina. http://dgcultura.legislatura.gov.ar/librosdigitalizados/015676_D.pdf. 
  22. Lucio V. García Ledesma (1979). Bases documentales para la historia de Cañuelas. Municipalidad de Cañuelas. https://books.google.com/books?id=xL8ZAAAAYAAJ. 
  23. Francisco L. Romay. Historia de Chascomús, Volume 1. Comisión Honoraria del Centro de Publicaciones Municipales. https://books.google.com/?id=zLNoAAAAMAAJ&q=Historia+de+Chascom%C3%BAs,+Volume+1&dq=Historia+de+Chascom%C3%BAs,+Volume+1. 
  24. Buenos Aires (Argentina) Cabildo; José Juan Biedma (1930). Acuerdos del extinguido Cabildo de Buenos Aires, publicados bajo la dirección del director del Archivo general de la nación ... Serie I-IV; 1589–1821. https://books.google.com/books?id=wVILAAAAIAAJ. 
  25. "Historia general de España y América:". Spain. 1983. ISBN 9788432121074. https://books.google.com/?id=XNskK95W5BUC&pg=PA750&dq=alcalde+de+la+hermandad+buenos+aires#v=onepage&q=alcalde%20de%20la%20hermandad%20buenos%20aires&f=false. 
  26. Enriqueta E. Moliné de Berardoni (1978). Historia de Marcos Paz: desde sus orígenes hasta la creación del Partido, 1636-1880. Archivo Histórico de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. "Ricardo Levene. https://books.google.com/?id=V60ZAAAAYAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre&dq=casimiro+alegre. 
  27. "Historia de la nación argentina : desde los origenes hasta la organización definitiva en 1862". Academia Nacional de la Historia (Argentina). https://books.google.com/?id=qHYvAQAAMAAJ&q=Historia+de+la+naci%C3%B3n+argentina+:+desde+los+origenes+hasta+la+organizaci%C3%B3n+definitiva+en+1862&dq=Historia+de+la+naci%C3%B3n+argentina+:+desde+los+origenes+hasta+la+organizaci%C3%B3n+definitiva+en+1862. 
  28. "Registro nacional de la República Argentina". Argentina. 1879. https://books.google.com/?id=5zooAQAAMAAJ&dq=francisco+xavier+alegre++regimiento+buenos+aires&q=+alegre%2C+francisco. 
  29. Compañía Sud-Americana de Billetes de Banco (1910). Gaceta de Buenos Aires (1810-1821). https://books.google.com/?id=xYo4AAAAMAAJ&q=casimiro+alegre+buenos+aires&dq=casimiro+alegre+buenos+aires. 
  30. Archivo General de la Nación (Argentina) (1925). Tomas de razón de despachos militares, cédulas de premio, retiros, empleos civiles y eclesiásticos, donativos, etc., 1740 a 1821. G. Kraft, impresor. https://books.google.com/books?id=tQhlAAAAMAAJ. 
  31. "Historia argentina: Unitarios y federales (1826-1841)". José María Rosa. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=i39pAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA135&dq=milicias+urbanas+de+san+vicente+gauchos&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjksYfZ14PaAhUCy1MKHSWTCN0Q6AEIKzAB#v=onepage&q=milicias%20urbanas%20de%20san%20vicente%20gauchos&f=false. 

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