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Porolissum-porta-praetoria-icon.png Castra of Bumbești-Jiu - Vârtop
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Founded 2nd century AD[1][2]
Abandoned 2nd century AD[1][2]
Place in the Roman world
Roman province Dacia
Administrative unit Dacia Malvensis
Administrative unit Dacia Inferior
Directly connected to
Structure
— Wood and earth structure —
Size and area 126 m x 115 m (1.4 ha)
Stationed military units
— Legions —
V Macedonica[citation needed]
— Cohorts —
Location
Coordinates 45°09′19″N 23°22′22″E / 45.155281°N 23.372697°E / 45.155281; 23.372697
Altitude c. 280 m
Place name Vârtop
Town Bumbești-Jiu
County Gorj
Country  Romania
Reference
RO-LMI GJ-I-m-B-09127[2]
RO-RAN 79317.02[1]
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Condition Ruined
Excavation dates
Archaeologists
  • Grigore Tocilescu
  • Florescu
  • Constantin Petolescu
  • Cristian Vlădescu
  • Dumitru Hortopan
  • Expectatus Bujor
  • Floricel Marinescu
  • Gheorghe Calotoiu
  • Pamfil Polonic [4]
  • Exhibitions "Alexandru Ștefulescu" History and Archeology Museum

    The castra of Bumbești-Jiu now known as Vârtop was a fort in the Roman province of Dacia in the 2nd century AD.[1][2] A contemporary settlement was also unearthed at the fort.[1][2] The ruins of the fort are located in Bumbești-Jiu (Romania).[1][2] In the same town, the ruins of an other Roman fort were also unearthed.[2]

    See also[]

    External links[]

    Notes[]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Situl arheologic din epoca romană de la Bumbeşti Jiu - "Vârtop"". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 3 June 2009. http://ran.cimec.ro/sel.asp?lang=EN&descript=bumbesti-jiu-oras-bumbesti-jiu-gorj-situl-arheologic-din-epoca-romana-de-la-bumbesti-jiu-vartop-cod-sit-ran-79317.02. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Lista Monumentelor Istorice 2010 ("2010 List of Historic Monuments")". Monitorul Oficial al României, Partea I, Nr. 670 ("Romania's Official Journal, Part I, Nr. 670"), page 1217. Ministerul Culturii şi Patrimoniului Naţional. 1 October 2010. Archived from the original on 10 June 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120610112533/http://www.cultura.abt.ro/Files/GenericFiles/LMI-2010.pdf. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
    3. Istoria Daciei romane, de Adrian Bejan Archived December 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
    4. 4.0 4.1 "Manuscrisele lui Pamfil Polonic". cimec.ro. http://www.cimec.ro/Arheologie/Arhiva-Digitala/4Pamfil%20Polonic/M.htm. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
    5. Vlădescu, Cristian M. (1986) (in Romanian). Fortificațiile romane din Dacia Inferior ("Roman Forts in Lower Dacia"). Scrisul Românesc. 

    Coordinates: 45°10′57″N 23°22′20″E / 45.1825°N 23.37222°E / 45.1825; 23.37222

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