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The hereditary title and position of Peer of France (French: Pair de France) was held by the highest-ranking members of the French nobility. It first appeared in the Middle Ages, was abolished in 1789 during the French Revolution, reappeared in 1814 with the Bourbon Restoration, and was definitively abolished in 1848.

French peerage differed from the British peerage, a more general term. The vast majority of French nobles, from baron to duke, were not peers. The title was an honor granted only to few dukes, counts, and princes of the Roman Catholic Church, analogous to Grandee of Spain.

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