|Model 190 & 195|
|Role||Light personal and business aircraft|
|Manufacturer||Cessna Aircraft Company|
|Developed from||Cessna 165|
The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954.
The 195 was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum and features a cantilever wing, similar to the pre-war Cessna 165 from which it is derived. The wing planform differs from later Cessna light aircraft in that it has a straight taper from root chord to tip chord and no dihedral. The airfoil employed is a NACA 2412, the same as used on the later Cessna 150, 172 and 182.
The 190/195 fuselages are large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated upfront. There are two rows of seats: two individual seats in the first row, with a comfortable space between them and up to three passengers can be accommodated on a bench seat in the second row.
The 190/195 has flat sprung-steel landing gear derived from Cessna's purchase of the rights to Steve Wittman's Big X. Many have been equipped with swiveling cross-wind landing gear which allows landing with up to 15 degrees of crab. While the crosswind gear simplifies the actual landing, it makes the aircraft difficult to handle on the ground. The 195 is equipped with a retractable step that extends when the cabin door is opened, although some have been modified to make the step a fixed unit. The aircraft was expensive to purchase and operate for private use and Cessna therefore marketed them as mainly as a business aircraft under the name "Businessliner".
The engines fitted to the 190 and 195 became well known for their oil consumption. The aircraft has a 5-US-gallon (19 L) oil tank, with 2 US gallons (7.6 L) the minimum for flight. Typical oil consumption with steel cylinder barrels is 2 US quarts (1.9 L) per hour.
The Cessna 195 produces a cruise true airspeed of 148 knots (274 km/h) (170 MPH) on a fuel consumption of 16 US gallons (61 L) per hour. It can accommodate 5 people.
Including the LC-126s, a total of 1180 190s and 195s were built.
The 190 was originally introduced at a price of US$$12,750 in 1947. When production ended the price had risen to US$$24,700 for the 195B. This compared to US$$3,495 for the Cessna 140 two seater of the same period.
- 108 Cessna 190
- 282 Cessna 195
- 157 Cessna 195A
- 136 Cessna 195B
In August 2009 there were three Cessna 190s and 17 Cessna 195s registered in Canada.
The difference between the 190 and the 195 models was the engine installed.
- Powered by a Continental W670-23 engine of 240 hp (180 kW) and first certified on 1 July 1947.
- Powered by a Jacobs R-755-A2 engine of 300 hp (225 kW) and first certified on 12 June 1947.
- Powered by a Jacobs L-4MB (R-755-9) engine of 245 hp (184 kW) and first certified on 6 January 1950.
- Powered by a Jacobs R-755B2 engine of 275 hp (206 kW) and first certified on 31 March 1952. It featured flaps increased in area by 50% over earlier models.
- Military version of the Cessna 195, five-seat communication aircraft for the US Air Force and US Army, it could be fitted with skis or floats.
- LC-126A redesignated by the USAF after 1962.
The Cessna 190 and 195 have been popular with private individuals and companies, and have also been operating by some air charter companies and small feeder airlines.
- Air National Guard
- United States Army
- United States Air Force
Specifications (Cessna 195)
Data from The Complete Guide to Single Engine Cessna, 3rd Edition
- Crew: one
- Capacity: four passengers
- Length: 27 ft 4 in (8.33 m)
- Wingspan: 36 ft 2 in (11.02 m)
- Height: 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)
- Empty weight: 2,100 lb (953 kg)
- Gross weight: 3,350 lb (1,520 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 75 US gallons (280 l; 62 imp gal)
- Powerplant: 1 × Jacobs R-755 radial engine, 300 hp (220 kW)
- Propellers: 2-bladed Hamilton Standard constant speed propeller
- Maximum speed: 185 mph (298 km/h; 161 kn)
- Cruise speed: 170 mph (148 kn; 274 km/h) at 70% power
- Stall speed: 62 mph (54 kn; 100 km/h) power off, flaps 45°
- Range: 800 mi (695 nmi; 1,287 km) at 70% power
- Service ceiling: 18,300 ft (5,578 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,200 ft/min (6.1 m/s)
- Wing loading: 15.36 lb/sq ft (75.0 kg/m2)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cessna 195.|
- Classic Aircraft (2007). "Cessna 190 Series Information". http://www.classicaircraft.com/AircraftComparisons/Cessna195/tabid/111/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Christy. Joe: The Complete Guide to Single Engine Cessna, 3rd Edition, pages 18-23. Tab Books, 1979. ISBN 0-8306-2268-3
- Montgomery, MR & Gerald Foster: A Field Guide to Airplanes, Second Edition, page 54. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62888-1
- Federal Aviation Administration (March 2003). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A-790". http://www.airweb.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library%5CrgMakeModel.nsf/0/9AE1337BB8BD86498625724300681158?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 92. Werner & Werner Corp, Santa Monica CA, 1977. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
- Shanaberger, Kenneth W. (2008). "Cessna 190/195 Businessliner". http://www.shanaberger.com/cessna_195.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-11.
- Lednicer, David (October 2007). "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". http://www.ae.uiuc.edu/m-selig/ads/aircraft.html. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Christy. Joe: The Complete Guide to Single Engine Cessna, 3rd Edition, page 12. Tab Books, 1979. ISBN 0-8306-2268-3
- Federal Aviation Administration (August 2008). "FAA Registry". http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/acftinqSQL.asp?striptxt=190&mfrtxt=Cessna&cmndfind.x=17&cmndfind.y=10&cmndfind=submit&modeltxt=190. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Federal Aviation Administration (August 2008). "FAA Registry". http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/acftinqSQL.asp?striptxt=195&mfrtxt=Cessna&cmndfind.x=17&cmndfind.y=16&cmndfind=submit&modeltxt=195. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Transport Canada (August 2009). "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register". http://wwwapps2.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/2/ccarcs/aspscripts/en/quicksearch.asp. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|