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Model C-165 Airmaster
Cessna 165 Airmaster at Keevil, Wiltshire, England in May 2006
Role Civil aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna
Designer Dwane Wallace
First flight June 1935
Introduction 1930s
Number built 228[1]

The Cessna Model C-165 Airmaster is a single-engine aircraft manufactured by the Cessna Aircraft Company. The Airmaster played an important role in the revitalization of the Cessna aircraft company in the 1930s after the crash of the aviation industry during the Great Depression.[2]

Development[edit | edit source]

Initial model[edit | edit source]

1936-built Cessna C-34 Airmaster at Blackpool (Squires Gate) Airport in 1950

In the middle of the 1930s, as the Great Depression came to an end, the U.S. economy began to strengthen.[2] This was good news for the Cessna Aircraft Company as Dwane Wallace (Clyde Cessna's nephew who was a recently-graduated aeronautical engineer) decided to assist his uncle in building more modern airplanes. The design of the first Airmaster is credited to Dwane L. Wallace, and the first flight of the C-34 model was in June 1935.[3] Not long after introduction of the C-34, Clyde Cessna retired from aircraft-building activity, leaving the company to his nephew.

Later models[edit | edit source]

The original Airmaster, the C-34, evolved into more advanced versions of the Airmaster. The C-37 had a wider cabin, improved undercarriage and electric flaps. The C-38 had a taller vertical tail, curved undercarriage legs and a landing flap under the fuselage.[3] Changes common to both the C-37 and C-38 included wider fuselages and landing gears along with rubber engine mounts to hold the 145 hp (108 kW) Warner Super Scarab engine.[2] The final revisions of the C-34 were the C-145 and the C-165, of which 80 were built. On these models, the belly flaps added on the C-38 were removed and the overall length of the fuselage was increased. The only difference between the C-145 and C-165 was the engine horsepower, with the latter having an upgraded 165 hp (123 kW) Warner engine.[2]

End of the line[edit | edit source]

It was with the beginning of World War II that the Airmaster line came to an end. The welded tubular fuselage, fabric covered body, extensive wood work, wooden wings and radial engines, all characteristic of 1930s-era aircraft technology, became too expensive and slow to produce.[2] The old style aircraft was quickly replaced with aircraft constructed from aluminium with strut braced wings first seen in the Cessna 120.

Design[edit | edit source]

The design of the C-34 incorporates characteristics that were borrowed from previous models of Cessna Aircraft. These similarities include the high mounted cantilever wing and the narrow design of the cabin windows.[2] The wings and tail surfaces were composed entirely of wood while the fuselage was structured with steel tubing coupled with wooden stringers and formers.[2] Both C-145 and C-165 models were offered with floats.[4]

Variants[edit | edit source]

C-34
Four-seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 145-hp (108-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine; 42 built.
C-37
the cabin was widened by 12.7 cm (5 in), it was fitted with an improved undercarriage and electrically operated flaps; 46 built.
C-38
Fitted with a wide landing gear with curved undercarriage legs, plus a taller vertical tail and a landing flap under the fuselage; 16 built.
C-39
Original designation of the Cessna C-145.
C-145
Powered by a 145-hp (108-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
C-165
Powered by a 165-hp (123-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
C-165D
Powered by a 175-hp (130-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
UC-77B
Two Cessna C-34s were impressed into service with the USAF during world War II.
UC-77C
One Cessna C-37 was impressed into service with the USAAF in 1942.
UC-94
Three Cessna C-165s were impressed into service with the USAAF in 1942.

Operators[edit | edit source]

Military operators[edit | edit source]

 Australia
 Finland
United States

Survivors[edit | edit source]

As of December 31, 2006 there are 69 aircraft in the FAA database with the listed Models (totals) being C-165 (30), C-145 (10), C-34 (8), C-37 (14), and C-38 (7). All are listed as powered by either the Warner SS165 or Warner SS40&50 engines (except that one is listed as powered by an SS185). The year of manufacture for these aircraft ranges from 1934 to 1941 and the serial numbers range from 254 to 588. It is not known how many actually exist and are in flying condition. There is also a C-34 (Serial No. 339) which is registered on the Australian register (VH-UYG),[5] this aircraft is owned by Aeromil and housed at the Sunshine Coast Airport, Queensland.

Specifications[edit | edit source]

Data from

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General characteristics

  • Length: 7.52 m (24 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.41 m (34 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.36 m (7 ft 9 in)
  • Airfoil: Clark Y
  • Empty weight: 626 kg (1380 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1066 kg (2350 lb)
  • Useful load: 434 kg (970 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Warner Super Scarab, 108 kW (145 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 261 km/h (162 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 243 km/h (151 mph)
  • Range: 845-1263 km (525-785 mi)
  • Rate of climb: 305 m/min (1000 feet/min)

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes
  1. Simpson, 2001, p. 133
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Cessna 165 Airmaster Aircraft performance and specifications". http://www.pilotfriend.com/aircraft%20performance/Cessna/airmaster.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Simpson, 2001, p. 132
  4. Phillips, Edward H: Cessna, A Master's Expression, Flying Books, 1985. ISBN 0-91139-04-4
  5. Australian Civil Aircraft Register - http://casa.gov.au/scripts/airsresults.asp?framein=all&manuin=&modelin=&regholdin=&regopin=&serialin=&num_results=10&VHin=UYG&Search=Search&session=428897373
Bibliography
  • Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-115-3. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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