Charioteer at Latrun museum.
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Used by||British Army|
Lebanese civil war
|Manufacturer||Robinson and Kershaw Ltd, Cheshire|
|Ordnance QF 20 pounder|
The Charioteer officially known as FV4101 Cromwell Heavy AT Gun and FV4101 Tank Medium, Charioteer was a British armoured fighting vehicle. It was produced in the 1950s as a self-propelled anti-tank gun to add firepower to units serving in West Germany by mounting a 20 pdr (84mm) gun on a Cromwell tank chassis.
Development[edit | edit source]
In the early 1950s, in an attempt to give extra firepower to the Territorial Army units of the Royal Armoured Corps, some Cromwell tanks received a 20 pounder gun (the same as used by the Centurion) in a new but lightly armoured two-man turret. The resulting vehicle was designated as the FV 4101 Charioteer tank destroyer. About 200 units were converted by Robinson and Kershaw Ltd in Cheshire.
Service[edit | edit source]
In practice the Charioteer was used by British Territorial Army units only and during mid and late 1950s most of the vehicles were sold to Austria, Finland, Jordan and Lebanon.
Survivors[edit | edit source]
- A Charioteer is on display at the Bovington Tank Museum in Dorset, UK.
- A Finnish Charioteer is on outdoor display in the Parola tank museum.
- Another Finnish Charioteer is on outdoor display in Lappeenranta near the main entrance of Army Academy.
- A Charioteer tank destroyer is on outdoor display in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel.
- An Austrian Charioteer in the Austrian Military Museum (HGM - Heeresgeschichtliches Museum) in Vienna
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Austria – Austria purchased 56 vehicles in 1956.
- Finland – Finland bought 38 "Charioteer Mk VII Model B" by 1960 and they remained in use until 1979. The tanks were stored until 2007 when they were auctioned off.
- Jordan – Jordan equipped two squadrons (24 vehicles) of their 3rd Tank Regiment in 1954. Some of the Jordanian Charioteers were sold to Lebanon.
- Lebanon – Lebanese Army (43 vehicles), passed on in 1976 to several Lebanese or Palestinian warring factions.
- United Kingdom
- Lebanese Arab Army – unknown number in service (1976–77).
- Lebanese Forces – unknown number in service (1980–1993).
- Palestine – several ex-Lebanese vehicles employed by the Palestine Liberation Organization against Israeli forces in Southern Lebanon during the 1978 South Lebanon conflict.
- Tigers Militia, Lebanon – unknown number in service (1976–1980).
See also[edit | edit source]
Notes and references[edit | edit source]
- Bingham, James (1971). "AFV Profile No. 25 Cromwell and Comet". Profile Publishing.
[edit | edit source]
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