8th Commandant of the Marine Corps (1875-1891)
|Born||January 29, 1827|
|Died||October 13, 1891(aged 64)|
|Place of birth||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Place of death||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1847-1891|
|Commands held||Commandant of the Marine Corps|
Battle of Chapultepec
|Relations||Charles L. McCawley son|
Charles Grymes McCawley (January 29, 1827 – October 13, 1891) was the eighth Commandant of the Marine Corps and served as an officer in the United States Marine Corps during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, McCawley was appointed a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps on March 3, 1847. He took part in the Battle of Chapultepec and the capture of Mexico City during the Mexican-American War. (It is this battle which is commemorated in the Marine Hymn's words, "From the Halls of Montezuma....")
He was brevetted first lieutenant September 13, 1847, for gallantry in those actions. In the Civil War, he aided in the capture of Port Royal, South Carolina, November 7, 1861 and led a detachment of 200 Marines to reoccupy the Norfolk Navy Yard, May 1862. He subsequently commanded Marine detachments during operations in Charleston Harbor against Forts Wagner, Gregg, and Sumter. For gallant and meritorious conduct during the boat attack on Fort Sumter, September 8, 1863, he was brevetted major.
In 1876, he was appointed colonel commandant, the highest post in the Marine Corps, and served in that position until he retired in 1891. In 1883, Colonel McCawley chose Semper Fidelis, Latin for 'Always Faithful', as the official Marine Corps motto. Colonel McCawley died at Philadelphia, October 13, 1891.
Relations[edit | edit source]
Son of Mary E. (1809–1881) and Marine captain James McCawley (1797–1839). Charles G. McCawley's son Charles L. McCawley also received a commission in the Marine Corps and went on to receive the Marine Corps Brevet Medal and to modify the enlisted Marines sword.
Namesakes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- "Charles Grymes McCawley". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7447820. Retrieved 2009-08-07.
- "Colonel Charles G. McCawley, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/McCawley_CG.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-29.
- Allan Reed Millett and Jack Shulimson, ed (2004). Commandants of the Marine Corps. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 97–114. ISBN 978-0-87021-012-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=Qns8bW_SESYC.
[edit | edit source]
- Charles Grymes McCawley at Find a Grave
Brig. Gen. Jacob Zeilin
|Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
Maj. Gen. Charles Heywood
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