|Chief of Defence Forces
Panglima Angkatan Tentera
ڤڠليما اڠکتن تنترا
Flag of the Chief of Defence Forces
Malaysian Armed Forces|
|Style||Yang Berbahagia ('The Honorable')|
|Member of||Armed Forces Council|
|Seat||Wisma Pertahanan, Kuala Lumpur|
|Appointer||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Term length||Not fixed|
|First holder||Lieutenant General Tan Sri Sir Frank Hasting Brook|
The Chief of Defence Forces (Abbr.: CDF, Malay language: Panglima Angkatan Tentera, Jawi: ڤڠليما اڠکتن تنترا) is the professional head of the Malaysian Armed Forces and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (YDPA; 'King of Malaysia'), the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defence. The CDF is based at Wisma Pertahanan, Kuala Lumpur, nearby to the Ministry of Defence. The CDF is the highest rank in Malaysia Armed Forces only after the YDPA which hold the title Commander-in-Chief.
Also known as "Perintah Ulung" (Template:Translation 'Superior Command'), the CDF is part of Armed Forces Council together with Minister of Defence, YPDA's representative, Chief of Army, Chief of Navy, Chief of Air Force, Chief of Staff and so on. CDF can be appointed from all three branch of Malaysia Armed Force—Malaysian Army, Royal Malaysian Navy and Royal Malaysian Air Force.
The Panglima Angkatan Tentera (PAT; Template:Translation) was formerly known as Ketua Turus Angkatan Tentera (KTAT; Template:Translation) until in the early 1980s.
Malaysia in its pre-independence days was governed by the United Kingdom. The majority of its military forces is from Commonwealth nations. There are local military force such as Penang Rifle Volunteers, and other similar units were created in Singapore and in the other Malay States, however, it is more as a territorial army rather than as a federal army.
On 23 January 1933, with Malay Regiment Bill has passed by the Federal Council of the Federated Malay States, the first local federal military forces, the Malay Regiment (now known as Royal Malay Regiment) was formed.
After World War II, with the Malayan Emergency conflict emerge, the number of battalions of Malay Regiment was increased to seven battalions, and a multiracial regiment and an armored vehicle squadron was formed. With this, the regiments are combined into one single army, thus the Malaysian Army predecessor, the Malayan Federation Army was formed. At that time, even with combinations with other branches (Navy and Air Force), the Malayan Armed Forces were relatively small and as the chief of the biggest branch of the armed forces, the Chief of Army was at the same time elected as the chief of the entire armed forces.
With the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, Northern Borneo and Singapore military forces are combined with Malayan Armed Forces into one single force. Because of this, the Chief of Armed Forces was separated from the Chief of Army for ease of administration of the larger army.
List of Chief of Defence Forces
|№||Chief of Defence Forces||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Defence branch||Ref|
|1||Tan Sri Sir Frank Hasting BrookLieutenant General |
|11 June 1956||26 October 1959||3 years, 137 days||Malaysia Army|||
|2||Rodney MooreLieutenant General Tan Sri Sir |
|27 October 1959||31 December 1963||4 years, 65 days||Malaysia Army|||
|3||Yang Mulia General Tan Sri Tunku Osman|
|1 January 1964||24 November 1969||5 years, 327 days||Malaysia Army|||
|4||Abdul Hamid BidinGeneral Tan Sri |
|25 November 1969||30 June 1970||217 days||Malaysia Army|||
|5||Tun Ibrahim IsmailGeneral |
|1 July 1970||30 November 1977||7 years, 152 days||Malaysia Army|||
|6||Dato' Mohd Sany Abdul GhaffarGeneral Tan Sri |
|1 December 1977||19 January 1981||3 years, 49 days||Malaysia Army|||
|7||Mohd Ghazali Mohd SethGeneral Tan Sri Dato' |
|20 January 1981||31 October 1985||4 years, 284 days||Malaysia Army|||
|8||Mohd Ghazali Che MatGeneral Tan Sri Dato' |
|1 November 1985||5 October 1987||1 year, 338 days||Malaysia Army|||
|9||Mohamed Hashim Mohd AliGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri |
|6 October 1987||10 April 1992||4 years, 187 days||Malaysia Army|||
|10||Yaacob Mohd ZainGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Panglima |
|11 April 1992||3 March 1993||326 days||Malaysia Army|||
|11||Abdul Rahman Abdul HamidGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Panglima |
|4 March 1993||31 January 1994||333 days||Malaysia Army|||
|12||Borhan AhmadGeneral Tan Sri Dato' |
|1 February 1994||2 February 1995||1 year, 1 day||Malaysia Army|||
|13||Ismail OmarGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri |
|3 February 1995||31 December 1998||3 years, 331 days||Malaysia Army|||
|14||Mohd Zahidi ZainuddinGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri |
|1 January 1999||28 April 2005||6 years, 117 days||Malaysia Army|||
|15||Mohammad Anwar Mohammad Nor Admiral Tan Sri Dato' Seri |
|29 April 2005||31 January 2007||1 year, 277 days||Royal Malaysian Navy|||
|16||Abdul Aziz ZainalGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri |
|1 February 2007||31 August 2009||2 years, 211 days||Malaysia Army|||
|17||Azizan Ariffin General Tan Sri Dato' Seri |
|1 September 2009||14 June 2011||1 year, 286 days||Royal Malaysian Air Force|||
|18||Zulkifeli Mohd ZinGeneral Tan Sri |
|15 June 2011||16 December 2016||5 years, 184 days||Malaysia Army|||
|19||Yang Mulia General Tan Sri Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor|
|17 December 2016||19 June 2018||1 year, 185 days||Malaysia Army|||
|20||Zulkifli Zainal AbidinGeneral Tan Sri |
|20 June 2018||Incumbent||3 years, 80 days||Malaysia Army|||
Living former Chiefs of Defence Forces
- Mohd Ghazali Che Mat
- Mohamed Hashim Mohd Ali
- Yaacob Mohd Zain
- Abdul Rahman Abdul Hamid
- Borhan Ahmad
- Ismail Omar
- Mohd Zahidi Zainuddin
- Mohammad Anwar Mohammad Nor
- Abdul Aziz Zainal
- Azizan Ariffin
- Zulkifeli Mohd Zin
- Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor
- "Organisasi" (in ms-my). http://www.mafhq.mil.my/index.php/my/mengenai-kami/organisasi.
- "Malaysian Armed Forces Council Group" (in en-gb). http://www.mod.gov.my/en/mengenai-kami-7/management-team/malaysian-armed-forces-council-group.html.
- Rasid, Toharudin (1 September 2013). "General of the Generals: Chief of Defence Forces" (in Ms). http://tohairforce1981.blogspot.com/2013/09/af-004-panglima-angkatan-tentera.html.
- "Majlis Serah Terima Tugas Panglima Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (PAT), Antara YM Jen Tan Sri Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor dan Jen Tan Sri Dato' Seri Zulkifli Zainal Abidin" (in Ms). Ministry of Defence Malaysia. 20 June 2018. http://www.mod.gov.my/ms/berita/1298-majlis-serah-terima-tugas-panglima-angkatan-tentera-malaysia-pat-antara-ym-jen-tan-sri-raja-mohamed-affandi-raja-mohamed-noor-dan-jen-tan-sri-dato-sri-zulkifli-zainal-abidin.html.
- Lim, Rosemary. "Forgotten Names Recalled: The Singapore Cenotaph Project". http://www.forgotten-names-recalled.org/.
- Yahaya, Ainur Aisyah (15 October 2015). "Sejarah Penubuhan Angkatan Tentera Malaysia" (in Ms). https://btdmonline.net/2015/10/sejarah-penubuhan-angkatan-tentera-malaysia/.
- "Maj.-Gen. Frank Hastings Brooke". 29 June 2015. http://www.thepeerage.com/p18135.htm.
- "Thai army chief to meet Malaysian counterparts to discuss southern violence". The China Post. 28 November 2006. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/i_latestdetail.asp?id=42719. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Abu Bakar, Raja Syahrir (29 August 2009). "Panglima Tentera Udara cipta sejarah" (in ms). http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2009&dt=0829&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Polis_%26_Tentera&pg=te_01.htm.
- Md. Yusof, Mohd. Azraie (22 June 2016). "Raja Mohamed Affandi Panglima ATM baharu" (in Ms). Utusan Malaysia. http://www.utusan.com.my/berita/nasional/raja-mohamed-affandi-panglima-atm-baharu-1.345717.
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