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Chief of Defence Forces
Panglima Angkatan Tentera
ڤڠليما اڠکتن تنترا
150px
Flag of the Chief of Defence Forces
Zulkifli Zainal Abidin (43887386484) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
General Tan Sri Zulkifli Zainal Abidin

since 20 June 2018
Malaysian Armed Forces
Chief
Style Yang Berbahagia ('The Honorable')
Abbreviation
  • Malay: PAT
  • English: CDF
Member of Armed Forces Council
Reports to
Seat Wisma Pertahanan, Kuala Lumpur
Appointer Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Term length Not fixed
Formation
  • 11 July 1956 – as Chief of Staff
  • 1 January 1964-1980s – as Head of Armed Forces
  • 1980s-present – as Chief of Defence Forces
First holder Lieutenant General Tan Sri Sir Frank Hasting Brook
Salary TURUS II
Website www.mafhq.mil.my/.../cdf-profile

The Chief of Defence Forces (Abbr.: CDF, Malay language: Panglima Angkatan Tentera, Jawi: ڤڠليما اڠکتن تنترا) is the professional head of the Malaysian Armed Forces and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (YDPA; 'King of Malaysia'), the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defence. The CDF is based at Wisma Pertahanan, Kuala Lumpur, nearby to the Ministry of Defence. The CDF is the highest rank in Malaysia Armed Forces only after the YDPA which hold the title Commander-in-Chief.[1]

Also known as "Perintah Ulung" (Template:Translation 'Superior Command'), the CDF is part of Armed Forces Council together with Minister of Defence, YPDA's representative, Chief of Army, Chief of Navy, Chief of Air Force, Chief of Staff and so on.[2] CDF can be appointed from all three branch of Malaysia Armed Force—Malaysian Army, Royal Malaysian Navy and Royal Malaysian Air Force.[1]

The Panglima Angkatan Tentera (PAT; Template:Translation) was formerly known as Ketua Turus Angkatan Tentera (KTAT; Template:Translation) until in the early 1980s.[3]

The current CDF is General Tan Sri Zulkifli Zainal Abidin – having succeeded his predecessor, General Tan Sri Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor in June 2018.[4]

History[]

Malaysia in its pre-independence days was governed by the United Kingdom. The majority of its military forces is from Commonwealth nations. There are local military force such as Penang Rifle Volunteers, and other similar units were created in Singapore and in the other Malay States, however, it is more as a territorial army rather than as a federal army.[5]

On 23 January 1933, with Malay Regiment Bill has passed by the Federal Council of the Federated Malay States, the first local federal military forces, the Malay Regiment (now known as Royal Malay Regiment) was formed.[6]

After World War II, with the Malayan Emergency conflict emerge, the number of battalions of Malay Regiment was increased to seven battalions, and a multiracial regiment and an armored vehicle squadron was formed. With this, the regiments are combined into one single army, thus the Malaysian Army predecessor, the Malayan Federation Army was formed. At that time, even with combinations with other branches (Navy and Air Force), the Malayan Armed Forces were relatively small and as the chief of the biggest branch of the armed forces, the Chief of Army was at the same time elected as the chief of the entire armed forces.[6]

With the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, Northern Borneo and Singapore military forces are combined with Malayan Armed Forces into one single force. Because of this, the Chief of Armed Forces was separated from the Chief of Army for ease of administration of the larger army.[6]

List of Chief of Defence Forces[]

Until 2018, 20 person has been appointed as Chief of Defence Forces, including two from Royal Malaysian Navy and Royal Malaysian Air Forces.[3][4]

Chief of Defence Forces Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Tan Sri Sir Frank Hasting Brook
Brook, FrankLieutenant General Tan Sri Sir Frank Hasting Brook
(1909–1982)
11 June 195626 October 19593 years, 137 days Malaysia Army[3][7]
2
Tan Sri Sir Rodney Moore
Moore, RodneyLieutenant General Tan Sri Sir Rodney Moore
(1905–1985)
27 October 195931 December 19634 years, 65 days Malaysia Army[3]
3
Tan Sri Tunku Osman
Osman, TunkuYang Mulia General Tan Sri Tunku Osman
(1919–1995)
1 January 196424 November 19695 years, 327 days Malaysia Army[3]
4
Tan Sri Abdul Hamid Bidin
Bidin, AbdulGeneral Tan Sri Abdul Hamid Bidin
(1918–1995)
25 November 196930 June 1970217 days Malaysia Army[3]
5
Tun Ibrahim Ismail
Ismail, IbrahimGeneral Tun Ibrahim Ismail
(1922–2010)
1 July 197030 November 19777 years, 152 days Malaysia Army[3]
6
Tan Sri Dato' Mohd Sany Abdul Ghaffar
Ghaffar, Mohd SanyGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Mohd Sany Abdul Ghaffar
(1926–2015)
1 December 197719 January 19813 years, 49 days Malaysia Army[3]
7Seth, Mohd GhazaliGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Mohd Ghazali Mohd Seth
(1929–2011)
20 January 198131 October 19854 years, 284 days Malaysia Army[3]
8
Tan Sri Dato' Mohd Ghazali Che Mat
Mat, Mohd GhazaliGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Mohd Ghazali Che Mat
(born 1930)
1 November 19855 October 19871 year, 338 days Malaysia Army[3]
9
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohamed Hashim Mohd Ali
Ali, MohamedGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohamed Hashim Mohd Ali
(born 1935)
6 October 198710 April 19924 years, 187 days Malaysia Army[3]
10
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Panglima Yaacob Mohd Zain
Zain, YaacobGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Panglima Yaacob Mohd Zain
(born 1935)
11 April 19923 March 1993326 days Malaysia Army[3]
11
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Panglima Abdul Rahman Abdul Hamid
Hamid, AbdulGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Panglima Abdul Rahman Abdul Hamid
(born 1938)
4 March 199331 January 1994333 days Malaysia Army[3]
12
Tan Sri Dato' Borhan Ahmad
Ahmad, BorhanGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Borhan Ahmad
(born 1939)
1 February 19942 February 19951 year, 1 day Malaysia Army[3]
13
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Ismail Omar
Omar, IsmailGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Ismail Omar
(born 1941)
3 February 199531 December 19983 years, 331 days Malaysia Army[3]
14
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohd Zahidi Zainuddin
Zainuddin, MohdGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohd Zahidi Zainuddin
(born 1949)
1 January 199928 April 20056 years, 117 days Malaysia Army[3]
15
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohammad Anwar Mohammad Nor
Nor, MohdAdmiral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohammad Anwar Mohammad Nor
(born 1950)
29 April 200531 January 20071 year, 277 days Royal Malaysian Navy[3][8]
16
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Abdul Aziz Zainal
Zainal, AbdulGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Abdul Aziz Zainal
(born 1951)
1 February 200731 August 20092 years, 211 days Malaysia Army[3]
17
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Azizan Ariffin
Ariffin, AzizanGeneral Tan Sri Dato' Seri Azizan Ariffin
(born 1952)
1 September 200914 June 20111 year, 286 days Royal Malaysian Air Force[3][9]
18
Tan Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin
Zin, ZulkifeliGeneral Tan Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin
(born 1954)
15 June 201116 December 20165 years, 184 days Malaysia Army[3]
19
Tan Sri Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor
Nor, RajaYang Mulia General Tan Sri Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor
(born 1957)
17 December 201619 June 20181 year, 185 days Malaysia Army[3][10]
20
Tan Sri Zulkifli Zainal Abidin
Zainal, ZulkifliGeneral Tan Sri Zulkifli Zainal Abidin
(born 1958)
20 June 2018Incumbent3 years, 80 days Malaysia Army[3][4]

Living former Chiefs of Defence Forces[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Organisasi" (in ms-my). http://www.mafhq.mil.my/index.php/my/mengenai-kami/organisasi. 
  2. "Malaysian Armed Forces Council Group" (in en-gb). http://www.mod.gov.my/en/mengenai-kami-7/management-team/malaysian-armed-forces-council-group.html. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 Rasid, Toharudin (1 September 2013). "General of the Generals: Chief of Defence Forces" (in Ms). http://tohairforce1981.blogspot.com/2013/09/af-004-panglima-angkatan-tentera.html. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Majlis Serah Terima Tugas Panglima Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (PAT), Antara YM Jen Tan Sri Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor dan Jen Tan Sri Dato' Seri Zulkifli Zainal Abidin" (in Ms). Ministry of Defence Malaysia. 20 June 2018. http://www.mod.gov.my/ms/berita/1298-majlis-serah-terima-tugas-panglima-angkatan-tentera-malaysia-pat-antara-ym-jen-tan-sri-raja-mohamed-affandi-raja-mohamed-noor-dan-jen-tan-sri-dato-sri-zulkifli-zainal-abidin.html. 
  5. Lim, Rosemary. "Forgotten Names Recalled: The Singapore Cenotaph Project". http://www.forgotten-names-recalled.org/. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Yahaya, Ainur Aisyah (15 October 2015). "Sejarah Penubuhan Angkatan Tentera Malaysia" (in Ms). https://btdmonline.net/2015/10/sejarah-penubuhan-angkatan-tentera-malaysia/. 
  7. "Maj.-Gen. Frank Hastings Brooke". 29 June 2015. http://www.thepeerage.com/p18135.htm. 
  8. "Thai army chief to meet Malaysian counterparts to discuss southern violence". The China Post. 28 November 2006. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/i_latestdetail.asp?id=42719. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  9. Abu Bakar, Raja Syahrir (29 August 2009). "Panglima Tentera Udara cipta sejarah" (in ms). http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2009&dt=0829&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Polis_%26_Tentera&pg=te_01.htm. 
  10. Md. Yusof, Mohd. Azraie (22 June 2016). "Raja Mohamed Affandi Panglima ATM baharu" (in Ms). Utusan Malaysia. http://www.utusan.com.my/berita/nasional/raja-mohamed-affandi-panglima-atm-baharu-1.345717. 



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